Stock Market

S&P 500 Index

The figure shows the S&P 500 Index, which tracks the stock performance of 500 large companies listed on stock exchanges in the United States. In addition to the Dow Jones and Nasdaq, it is one of the commonly followed equity indices that represents the U.S. stock market. 

It closed at 3,231 on December 31, 2019 and recorded an all-time high at 3,380 on February 14, 2020. Since then, it has declined severely amidst the coronavirus and its potential long-term impact on the economy. March 16, 2020 recorded the third largest daily drop of the index, falling −11.98% (−20.47% on October 19th, 1987; −12.34% on October 28th 1929).

(Source: S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC)


S&P 500 Volatility Index (VIX)

The VIX stands for Volatility Index and measures the implied volatility in S&P 500 options.

It previously spiked at 59.89 in October 2008 during the global financial crisis, and closed at 13.78 at the end of 2019. 

(Source: Chicago Board Options Exchange)


S&P 500 Dividend Yield (as of March 30th, 2020)




S&P 500 PE Ratio (as of March 30th, 2020)



S&P 500 Shiller PE Ratio (as of March 30th, 2020)




Japan: Nikkei 225 Index 

As a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange, the Nikkei 225 Stock Average is a price-weighted average of the 225 Japanese companies listed in the first section of the exchange. 

Its record high was at 38,916 at the end of 1989, and it ended the year 2019 at 23,657.

(Source: Nikkei Industry Research Institute)


UK: Total Share Prices for All Shares

The total share prices for all shares for the UK includes publicly traded companies listed on the exchange. The data is collected and published by the OECD on a monthly basis. 

It closed at 113 at the end of 2019.

(Source: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)


Sector Returns

Year to date, the energy sector has declined by the largest percentage (-57.5%), followed by financials (-39.1%) and industrials (-37.1%). 

The industry returns are based on the Russell 1000 Index, which tracks the highest-ranking 1,000 companies in the Russell 3000 Index. The Russell 3000 Index is a weighted stock market index that represents the entire U.S. stock market by measuring the 3,000 largest publicly traded companies in the nation. 

(Source: author calculations)



Individual Stock Performances

The following graph shows the performance of seven publicly traded companies since 2020: 

  • AAL: American Airlines
  • BAC: Bank of America
  • GS: Goldman Sachs
  • MCD: McDonald's 
  • NFLX: Netflix 
  • PG: Procter & Gamble 
  • SIX: Six Flags

While Netflix's stock has not exhibited much change, Six Flags has lost close to 75% of its market capitalization since 2020. American Airlines lost 65% while Bank of America and Goldman Sachs both lost over 40% during the same period. 

(Source: author calculations)

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