Jeremy S. Friedman - Faculty & Research - Harvard Business School
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Jeremy S. Friedman

Assistant Professor of Business Administration

Business, Government and the International Economy

Jeremy Friedman is an assistant professor of business administration in the Business, Government, and International Economy Unit, and teaches the course of the same name in the MBA required curriculum. Previously, he was associate director of the Brady-Johnson Program in Grand Strategy at Yale University.

Professor Friedman studies the history of communism, socialism, and revolution in Russia, China, and the developing world. He examines how the project of socialist revolution and leftist thought more broadly evolved over the course of the twentieth century, particularly as revolutionary battlegrounds shifted from the industrialized countries to the developing world in the wake of decolonization. His work has been published in Cold War History and Modern China Studies and in media outlets including The National Interest, The Diplomat, and The Moscow Times. His first book, Shadow Cold War: The Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World, was published in 2015.

Professor Friedman received his PhD in history from Princeton University and subsequently held a postdoctoral fellowship in international security studies at Yale University, where he taught courses in Russian and Cold War history.

  1. Shadow Cold War: The Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World

    Jeremy Friedman

    The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War has long been understood in a global context, but Jeremy Friedman's Shadow Cold War delves deeper into the era to examine the competition between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China for the leadership of the world revolution. When a world of newly independent states emerged from decolonization desperately poor and politically disorganized, Moscow and Beijing turned their focus to attracting these new entities, setting the stage for Sino-Soviet competition.

    Based on archival research from ten countries, including new materials from Russia and China, many no longer accessible to researchers, this book examines how China sought to mobilize Asia, Africa, and Latin America to seize the revolutionary mantle from the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union adapted to win it back, transforming the nature of socialist revolution in the process. This groundbreaking book is the first to explore the significance of this second Cold War that China and the Soviet Union fought in the shadow of the capitalist-communist clash.

    Keywords: Competition; War; International Relations; China; United States; Soviet Union;


    Friedman, Jeremy. Shadow Cold War: The Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.  View Details
Journal Articles
  1. Anti-imperialism: The Leninist Legacy and the Fate of World Revolution

    Jeremy Friedman and Peter Rutland

    The most important of Lenin’s writings was, arguably, Imperialism: the Highest Stage of Capitalism. That work shifted the focus from workers’ struggles within one country to the dynamics of capitalism as a global system. The Leninist project thereby inextricably linked the causes of economic justice and national liberation, a fateful step in light of the transformation of the world wrought by decolonization. As capitalism stumbles through yet another global crisis today, what parts of Lenin’s fevered vision remain relevant 100 years later?

    Keywords: Economic Systems; Global Range; History;


    Friedman, Jeremy, and Peter Rutland. "Anti-imperialism: The Leninist Legacy and the Fate of World Revolution." Special Issue on 1917–2017, The Russian Revolution a Hundred Years Later. Slavic Review 76, no. 3 (Fall 2017): 591–599.  View Details
  2. Free at Last, Now What: The Soviet and Chinese Attempts to Offer a Roadmap for the Post-Colonial World

    Jeremy Friedman

    This article seeks to understand the motivations behind the People's Republic of China's attempt to present an alternative development model for the post-colonial world and challenge Soviet leadership in the international communist movement in mid-1960s. When the wave of post-war decolonization crested in Africa in the late 1950s and early 1960s, inaugurating dozens of new states desperate for a political and economic model that would put flesh on the bones of independence, the USA and USSR were eager to offer aid and advice to promote their own models. The PRC, suffering the consequences of a century-long tangle with imperialism and decades of war coupled with the effects of the Great Leap Forward, was in a distinctly disadvantageous position to compete with the two superpowers. However, it did compete, and the question is why. The existing historiography on the Sino-Soviet split focuses on Mao's desire for leadership of the international communist movement, his contempt for Khrushchev, and his battle for control of the Chinese Communist Party line. This tends to render the Chinese as the unpredictable aggressor and the Soviets as playing a reactive game. This article argues instead that the timing and nature of the Chinese challenge reflect the reactive elements in the PRC's own policy, which was formulated largely in response to a perceived security threat resulting from the Soviet policy of "Peaceful Coexistence" as well as Soviet misunderstanding and neglect of the anti-colonial revolution.

    Keywords: Development Economics; Business and Government Relations; China; United States; Soviet Union;


    Friedman, Jeremy. "Free at Last, Now What: The Soviet and Chinese Attempts to Offer a Roadmap for the Post-Colonial World." Modern China Studies [Dang dai Zhongguo yan jiu] 22, no. 1 (2015): 259–292.  View Details
Book Chapters
Cases and Teaching Materials
Other Publications and Materials