A non-exhaustive list of databases that can facilitate empirical research in corporate accountability reporting is provided below:
One of the most widespread used databases, KLD offers data for 15+ years for more than 3,000 US companies.
2. Asset 4 Thomson Reuters
ASSET4, a Thomson Reuters business, provides objective, relevant and systematic environmental, social and governance (ESG) information based on 250+ key performance indicators (KPIs) and 750+ individual data points along with their original data sources. The database covers more than 3,000 companies globally for 9+ years.
Offers data on 4,000+ companies worldwide for 5+ years.
4. CRD Analytics
CRD Analytics is the leading provider of independent sustainability investment analytics. Using its proprietary SmartViewTM Technology Platform, CRD Analytics empowers its clients with actionable and performance-driven information distilled from large sets of complex data including financial, environmental, social, governance and patent information. CRD Analytics partners with its clients to construct proprietary index-based products: Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs), separately-managed accounts, mutual funds and Unit Investment Trusts (UITs). Offers data on 1,000+ companies worldwide for 5+ years.
5. Corporate Register
CorporateRegister.com is the global corporate responsibility (CR) resources website and hosts the world's most comprehensive directory of corporate non-financial reporting, profiling over 33,000 reports across 125 countries. Their current services include data access, distribution, site profiles, and benchmarking and best practice initiatives.
6. Vigeo Ratings
The Equitics® database regroups the analysis and opinions on listed companies and fixed income issuers (unlisted companies, local authorities, public institutions) in 6 fields of evaluation. Environment, Human Rights, Human Resources, Community Involvement, Business behavior, and Corporate Governance.
The Maplecroft Sustainability Performance Benchmark (MSPB) is a repository of company ESG intelligence. It includes ratings for almost 1000 companies on their exposure to, and management of ESG and business risks. The electronic questionnaire, data center and analysis tools include insight into more than 300 questions and performance parameters. Each of these is derived from best practice and international standards as well as extensive in-field and consulting experience. The MSPB captures risk insight for all sectors in line with Bloomberg sector classifications and uses Maplecroft's global risk indices to understand wider risk exposures across the entire geographic footprint of each company. The ESG ratings and reports assess the ESG performance of companies across five pillars: management, adaptation to emerging legislation, issues and data, innovation and mitigation. Moreover, Maplecroft analyses over 500 global risks and issues to provide a comprehensive portfolio of indices, interactive maps, scorecards, briefings and in-depth reports.
8. Dow Jones Sustainability Index
Launched in 1999, the Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes are the first global indexes tracking the financial performance of the leading sustainability-driven companies worldwide. Based on the cooperation of Dow Jones Indexes and Sustainable Asset Management (SAM) they provide asset managers with reliable and objective benchmarks to manage sustainability portfolios.
9. FTSE4Good Index Series
FTSE constructs one of the most widely used social responsibility indices.
10. Carbon Disclosure Project Leadership Index
The Carbon Disclosure Project is an independent not-for-profit organization holding the largest database of primary corporate climate change information in the world.