George C. Lodge

Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus

Professor Lodge had been a member of the Harvard Business School faculty since 1963. Before his retirement in 1997, he taught a number of courses in the MBA Master's Program and in various HBS executive programs. in the MBA program these included: Business, Government and the International Economy; Comparative Government Business Relations; Human Resources Management; Leadership, Values and Decisio Making; and Business History in HBS executive programs, and has also taught Human Resource Management; Leadership, Values, and Decision Making; and Business History.  In Executive  Program he taught BGIE, and Ideology and Business. 

After service in the U.S. Navy (1945-'46), he graduated from Harvard College cum laude in 1950, and became a political reporter and columnist on the Boston Herald. In 1954 he joined the United States Department of Labor as Director of Information, and four years later was appointed Assistant Secretary of Labor for International Affairs by President Eisenhower; he was reappointed by President Kennedy in 1961. He was the United States Delegate to the International Labor Organization and was elected chairman of the organization's Governing Body in 1960. At the end of his government service in 1961 Lodge was named one of the ten outstanding young men in the United States by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce. He also received the Arthur S. Fleming Award as one of the ten most outstanding young men in the federal government and the Distinguished Service Award of the Department of Labor. He wrote of his government experiences in Spearheads of Democracy: The Role of Labor in Developing Countries (Harper and Row, 1962).

In 1961 he was appointed lecturer at Harvard Business School. He left the following year to become the Republican candidate for the U.S. Senate from Massachusetts. He returned to the School in 1963.

During the 1960s Lodge played a major role in the establishment of the Central American Institute of Business Administration (Instituto Centroamericano de Administracion de Empresas-INCAE). His research during those years took him to Veraguas Province, Panama, where he studied the introduction of political and economic change. This work resulted in several articles in Foreign Affairs and a book, Engines of Change: United States Interests and Revolution in Latin America. These in turn led in 1970 to the establishment by Congress of a new government agency, The Inter-American Foundation, of which Lodge was vice chairman for seven years.

He was named associate professor of business administration at Harvard in 1968 and received tenure in 1972. He played a leading role in the design and development of several courses relating to the global political and economic environment of business, comparative business-government relations, and comparative ideology. He has published more than 40 articles-12 in the Harvard Business Review, two of which received the McKinsey award for the best article of the year-and a number of books besides the two mentioned above: The New American Ideology (1975) and The American Disease (1984), published by Alfred Knopf; U.S. Competitiveness in the World Economy (1984) ed. with Bruce R. Scott and Ideology and National Competitiveness : An Analysis of Nine Countries (1987) ed. with Ezra F. Vogel, published by Harvard Business School Press; Comparative Business-Government Relations (1990) published by Prentice Hall; Perestroika for America: Restructuring Business-Government Relations for World Competitiveness (1990), published by Harvard Business School Press; Managing Globalization in the Age of Interdependence (1995) published by Pfeiffer & Co.; and published in 2006, A Corporate Solution to Global Poverty, with Craig Wilson, by Princeton University Press.

In 1991 Lodge was named Lee Kuan Yew Fellow by the Government of Singapore, and in 1994 received an honorary doctorate from INCAE. In 1995 The New American Ideology received the annual book award of the Academy of Management. From 1997 to 2007 he was a director of Nordic American Tanker Shipping. He has been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations since 1960. He has taught executives in a number of companies including IBM, AT&T, and the World Bank. 

Lodge was married to the former Nancy Kunhardt from 1949 until she died in 1997.  They had six children.  In 1997, he married Susan Alexander Powers whose husband had died a few years earlier.  She has three children. 

Books

  1. A Corporate Solution to Global Poverty: How Multinationals Can Help the Poor and Invigorate Their Own Legitimacy

    Keywords: Poverty; Multinational Firms and Management;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Craig Wilson. A Corporate Solution to Global Poverty: How Multinationals Can Help the Poor and Invigorate Their Own Legitimacy. Princeton University Press, 2006. View Details
  2. Managing Globalization in the Age of Interdependence

    Keywords: Management; Globalization;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. Managing Globalization in the Age of Interdependence. John Wiley & Sons, 1995. View Details
  3. Comparative Business-Government Relations

    Keywords: Relationships; Government and Politics; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. Comparative Business-Government Relations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990. View Details
  4. Perestroika for America: Restructuring U.S. Business-Government Relations for Competitiveness in the World Economy

    Keywords: Government and Politics; Restructuring; Relationships; Competition; Economy; Russia; United States;

  5. Teacher's Manual to accompany Comparative Business-Government Relations

    Keywords: Government and Politics; Relationships; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. Teacher's Manual to accompany Comparative Business-Government Relations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990. View Details
  6. Ideology and National Competitiveness : An Analysis of Nine Countries

    Keywords: Competition; Government and Politics; Theory;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Ezra F. Vogel. Ideology and National Competitiveness : An Analysis of Nine Countries. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1987. View Details
  7. U.S. Competitiveness in the World Economy

    Keywords: Competition; Globalized Economies and Regions; United States;

    Citation:

    Scott, Bruce R., and George C. Lodge, eds. U.S. Competitiveness in the World Economy. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1985. View Details
  8. The American Disease

    Keywords: United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. The American Disease. Alfred A. Knopf, 1984. View Details
  9. Spearheads of Democracy: The Role of Labor in Developing Countries

    Keywords: Government and Politics; Labor; Developing Countries and Economies;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. Spearheads of Democracy: The Role of Labor in Developing Countries. Harper & Row, 1962. View Details

Journal Articles

  1. The Need for Ideological Consciousness

    Every so often in American history a crisis comes along that requires Americans to inspect cherished assumptions and to act in a way that many find ideologically repulsive. Although our leaders insist that such actions are pragmatic-the only sensible way to deal with the crisis-those pragmatic acts evoke or imply an ideology that obstructs their implementation. Furthermore, if in the name of pragmatism, the ideological aspects of the actions are ignored or suppressed, the full implications of the actions may not be seen. I am talking about such ideas as the role of government: Do we believe in the active planning state or the limited state-the less of it the better? How do we define the good community: Is it by competition among self-interested business managers to satisfy consumer desires or is it necessary for the community itself to define its needs and to regulate business so that they are fulfilled? This article sets out an ideological framework for analysis of these and related questions.

    Keywords: History; Leadership; Competition; Framework; Consumer Behavior; Business and Community Relations; Government and Politics; Financial Crisis; Planning; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "The Need for Ideological Consciousness." Challenge 53, no. 2 (March–April 2010): 76–89. View Details
  2. Multinational Corporations: A Key to Global Poverty Reduction—Part II

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Poverty;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Craig Wilson. "Multinational Corporations: A Key to Global Poverty Reduction—Part II." YaleGlobal Online (5 January 2006). View Details
  3. Multinational Corporations: A Key to Global Poverty Reduction—Part I

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Poverty;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Craig Wilson. "Multinational Corporations: A Key to Global Poverty Reduction—Part I." YaleGlobal Online (2 January 2006). View Details
  4. Multinational Corporations as the Key to Global Poverty Reduction

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Poverty;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Craig Wilson. "Multinational Corporations as the Key to Global Poverty Reduction." Challenge 49, no. 3 (May – June 2006): 68–82. View Details
  5. The Legitimacy of Business

    Keywords: Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "The Legitimacy of Business." Philosophy of Management 5, no. 3 (2005). (Presented at the Philosophy of Management Conference, St. Anne's College, Oxford University, on July 7, 2004.) View Details
  6. Knee-Deep and Rising: America's Recycling Crisis

    Keywords: Environmental Sustainability; Crisis Management;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Jeffrey F. Rayport. "Knee-Deep and Rising: America's Recycling Crisis." Harvard Business Review 69, no. 5 (September–October 1991): 128–139. View Details

Book Chapters

  1. Allied Chemical (A)

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Allied Chemical (A)." In Business Policy: Text and Cases. 6th ed. by K. Andrews, J. Bower, C. R. Christensen, R. Hamermesh, and M. E. Porter, 431–443. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin, 1986. (Also appears in Instructor's Manual to accompany Business Policy: Text and Cases, 7th edition, by Joseph Bower, et al., Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1991, pp. 111-113.) View Details
  2. Our Paralyzing Individualism

    Keywords: Personal Characteristics; Attitudes; Civil Society or Community; Social Issues;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Our Paralyzing Individualism." In Powernomics: Economics and Strategy after the Cold War, edited by Clyde V. Prestowitz Jr., 192–195. Washington, D.C.: Economic Strategy Institute, 1991. View Details
  3. Turrialba Mining Company (A)

    Keywords: Mining; Mining Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Turrialba Mining Company (A)." In Strategic Management in Developing Countries: Case Studies, edited by James E. Austin and Tomas O. Kohn, 549–561. New York: Free Press, 1990. View Details
  4. Foreword

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Foreword." Foreword to The World's Largest Market: A Business Guide to Europe 1992, edited by Robert Williams. New York: AMACOM, 1990. View Details

Working Papers

  1. Global Friction Among Information Infrastructures

    Citation:

    Rayport, Jeffrey F., George C. Lodge, and Afroze Mohammed. "Global Friction Among Information Infrastructures." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 97-005, July 1996. View Details
  2. Korean Development Versus Western Economics

    Citation:

    Song, Byung-Nak, and George C. Lodge. "Korean Development Versus Western Economics." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 96-035, February 1996. View Details

Cases and Teaching Materials

  1. U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Three Georges Dam (A) and (B) TN, The

    Teaching Note for (9-900-017) and (9-900-018).

    Keywords: Construction Industry; Energy Industry; China; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Three Georges Dam (A) and (B) TN, The." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 901-053, March 2001. View Details
  2. U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Three Gorges Dam (A), The

    Describes the dilemma Martin Kamarck faced as president of the Export-Import Bank in whether to provide U.S. companies financing for China's Three Gorges Dam project.

    Keywords: Decision Choices and Conditions; Risk and Uncertainty; Financing and Loans; International Finance; Construction Industry; Energy Industry; China; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Cate Reavis. "U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Three Gorges Dam (A), The." Harvard Business School Case 900-017, May 2000. (Revised July 2000.) View Details
  3. U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Three Gorges Dam (B), The

    Supplements the (A) case.

    Keywords: Construction Industry; Energy Industry; China; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Cate Reavis. "U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Three Gorges Dam (B), The." Harvard Business School Case 900-018, May 2000. (Revised July 2000.) View Details
  4. Reagan Plan, The

    Contains President Reagan's address to Congress in February of 1981 in which he proposes $49 billion in budget cuts and tax reductions. Also contains David Stockman's "economic Dunkirk" memorandum of November 1980. Exhibits contain economic data. Purpose is to provide an opportunity to analyze and evaluate Reagan's assumptions.

    Keywords: Taxation; Economy; Government and Politics; Budgets and Budgeting; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Reagan Plan, The." Harvard Business School Case 381-173, May 1981. (Revised February 2000.) View Details
  5. Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World

    Discusses the politics of change and how Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, elected in 1994, has fought to promote systemic change in Brazil. While his Real Plan has stabilized inflation and attracted foreign investment, the nation's deficit continues to grow. Meanwhile Brazil continues to be plagued by gross social inequalities.

    Keywords: Development Economics; Government and Politics; Inflation and Deflation; Foreign Direct Investment; Equality and Inequality; Change; Social Issues; Public Administration Industry; Brazil;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Cate Reavis. "Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World." Harvard Business School Case 799-004, October 1998. (Revised September 1999.) View Details
  6. Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World: Supplement

    Supplements the case.

    Keywords: Brazil;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Cate Reavis. "Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World: Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 799-103, January 1999. (Revised September 1999.) View Details
  7. Global Friction Among Information Infrastructures

    Examines the conflicts in international communications that result from changing technologies and divergent country policies toward developing infrastructures. Examines a number of different national information infrastructures (NIIs). Points of friction, such as different approaches to creating competition and the question of regulating content on the Internet, are discussed. Considers existing options to resolve friction, including multilateral and bilateral efforts. A rewritten version of an earlier note.

    Keywords: Conflict Management; Infrastructure; Communication Technology; Cross-Cultural and Cross-Border Issues;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Cate Reavis. "Global Friction Among Information Infrastructures." Harvard Business School Background Note 799-152, May 1999. (Revised July 1999.) View Details
  8. Global Friction Among Information Infrastructures TN

    Teaching Note for (9-799-152).

    Keywords: Information Technology Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Global Friction Among Information Infrastructures TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 799-156, June 1999. View Details
  9. Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World and Supplement TN

    Teaching Note for (9-799-004) and (9-799-103).

    Keywords: Brazil;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World and Supplement TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 799-104, March 1999. (Revised March 1999.) View Details
  10. Australia in the 1990s: Lucky or Broke?

    In 1996, Australia had a new prime minister, John Howard, ending 13 years of Labor Party rule. This case allows an analysis of the challenges that the new government faces and invites thought about the choices that the government has in meeting those challenges. Large and persistent current account deficits suggest that the country must increase its exports, but what will those exports be and to which markets will they go?

    Keywords: Trade; Government and Politics; Markets; Problems and Challenges; Australia;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Australia in the 1990s: Lucky or Broke?" Harvard Business School Case 796-160, April 1996. (Revised December 1998.) View Details
  11. Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification

    In October 1990, eastern Germany was incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany. The German people rewarded the architect of these changes, Helmut Kohl, with an enhanced majority in national elections. But only two years later it was hard to remember these heady times. Re-unified Germany's external and internal economic situation were out of balance. The current account fell from a large surplus to deficit. Inflation rose as the German government ran a mounting deficit to finance reconstruction. In June 1992, the Bundesbank council, the interest-rate-setting body of Germany's central bank, raised interest rates to combat this inflation. Other members of the EMS were less willing to raise interest rates as they feared recession rather than overheating. Within months, Italy devalued and the United Kingdom dropped out of the EMS. Had Kohl's reunification strategy caused the EMS crisis? What did this crisis imply about the hopes for closer European integration?

    Keywords: Economy; Inflation and Deflation; Central Banking; Interest Rates; Political Elections; Situation or Environment; Integration; Europe; Germany; Italy; United Kingdom;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and James W. Ragsdale. "Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification." Harvard Business School Case 793-033, September 1992. (Revised July 1998.) View Details
  12. Collapse in Asia: 1997-1998

    Discusses the Asian crisis and economists' opinions and solutions.

    Keywords: Financial Crisis; Developing Countries and Economies; Economic Slowdown and Stagnation; Asia;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Anthony St. George. "Collapse in Asia: 1997-1998." Harvard Business School Case 798-084, March 1998. View Details
  13. Japan Confronts an Interdependent World

    Traces the evolution of Japan's economic strategy from 1972 to 1992. Describes the collapse of the Japanese stock market in the spring of 1992, raising the question: Is this the end of Japan's miraculous growth? To help students consider that question, the case describes Japan's industrial and technology policy and reviews key economic events during the period, such as the Nixon shock, the oil shock, the Plaza accords and endaka (rising yen value), increasing U.S. debt, the U.S. recession, and the declining value of the dollar. Written from the point of view of a Japanese government policymaker.

    Keywords: Policy; Financial Markets; Technology; System Shocks; Borrowing and Debt; Financial Crisis; Government and Politics; Growth and Development; Situation or Environment; Japan; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Japan Confronts an Interdependent World." Harvard Business School Case 793-034, September 1992. (Revised March 1998.) View Details
  14. India in the 1990s

    Describes the efforts of Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao to deregulate and open up the Indian economy in the early 1990s. Focuses on the difficulties he encountered, reflected in the poor showing of the ruling Congress Party in state elections in December 1994, and raises the questions: Why is economic change so difficult in India? What are the obstacles to Rao's reforms? What is the likelihood that he will succeed? Contains a brief history of India's economic, political, and social development since it achieved independence in 1947.

    Keywords: Development Economics; Emerging Markets; Social Issues; Economic Growth; Government and Politics; India;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Ahu Bhasin. "India in the 1990s." Harvard Business School Case 795-119, February 1995. (Revised February 1998.) View Details
  15. Australia in the 1990s: Lucky or Broke?, Supplement

    Designed as an in-class handout to supplement the case.

    Keywords: Australia;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Robin Root. "Australia in the 1990s: Lucky or Broke?, Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 798-016, September 1997. View Details
  16. The National Information Infrastructure (A): The United States in Perspective

    Keywords: Information; Infrastructure; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., Jeffrey F. Rayport, Thomas A. Gerace, and Afroze A Mohammed. "The National Information Infrastructure (A): The United States in Perspective." Harvard Business School Background Note 396-111, October 1995. (Revised March 1997.) View Details
  17. Zambia's Agricultural Sector Investment Program

    Keywords: Agribusiness; Investment; Business and Government Relations; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Zambia;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Carin-Isabel Knoop. "Zambia's Agricultural Sector Investment Program." Harvard Business School Case 797-023, September 1996. (Revised January 1997.) View Details
  18. World Bank (A1): Rural Development (Revisited)

    Begins with a brief description of the World Bank and its commitment to rural development. Discusses the bank's Northeast rural development program in Brazil, outlining its failure, success, and structural design. The questions raised by the project are left for the reader to resolve. Finally, the appendix highlights the bank's experience with rural development.

    Keywords: International Finance; Development Economics; Rural Scope; Policy; Problems and Challenges; Government Legislation;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "World Bank (A1): Rural Development (Revisited)." Harvard Business School Case 797-090, January 1997. View Details
  19. Veraguas (B): Engine of Change

    Keywords: Change Management; Developing Countries and Economies; Development Economics; Panama;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Veraguas (B): Engine of Change." Harvard Business School Case 797-006, August 1996. (Revised December 1996.) View Details
  20. Korean Development and Western Economics

    Provides a summary of Korea's economic performance during the past 40 years. Korea's economic strategy is discussed with regard to context--both the domestic (historic) and the international factors that have informed Korea's development. Simultaneously, Korea also functions as a case study for the divergence of Asian countries from the practice of Western neoclassical economics.

    Keywords: Strategy; Development Economics; Decision Making; Policy; North Korea; South Korea;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Courtenay Sprague. "Korean Development and Western Economics." Harvard Business School Case 797-008, August 1996. (Revised December 1996.) View Details
  21. Veraguas (A): System of Poverty

    Keywords: Poverty; Change Management; Development Economics; Panama;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Veraguas (A): System of Poverty." Harvard Business School Case 797-005, August 1996. (Revised December 1996.) View Details
  22. World Bank (A): Under Siege

    Describes the issues that James Wolfensohn faces when he takes over the World Bank as president in June 1995. Presents several lines of criticism of the bank's strategy, structure, and relevance.

    Keywords: Financial Institutions; International Finance; Organizational Structure; Leading Change; Situation or Environment; Decision Choices and Conditions; Strategy; Management Teams; Value; Banking Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Carin-Isabel Knoop. "World Bank (A): Under Siege." Harvard Business School Case 797-022, September 1996. (Revised November 1996.) View Details
  23. Is the United States Competitive in the World Economy?

    Keywords: Economics; Competition; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "Is the United States Competitive in the World Economy?" Harvard Business School Case 795-129, March 1995. (Revised September 1996.) View Details
  24. National Information Infrastructure (B): A Comparison of Public Policy in Japan and the United States, Supplement

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Afroze A Mohammed. "National Information Infrastructure (B): A Comparison of Public Policy in Japan and the United States, Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 396-410, June 1996. View Details
  25. National Information Infrastructure (B): A Comparison of Public Policy in Japan and the United States

    Keywords: Information; Infrastructure; Policy; United States; Japan;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., Jeffrey F. Rayport, Thomas A. Gerace, and Afroze A Mohammed. "National Information Infrastructure (B): A Comparison of Public Policy in Japan and the United States." Harvard Business School Background Note 396-175, November 1995. View Details
  26. World Trade Organization, The: Toward Free Trade or World Bureaucracy?

    In January 1995, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) evolved into the World Trade Organization (WTO), which faced the task of implementing the recently approved Uruguay Round of international trade agreements. This case describes the development of GATT, and the principal issues negotiated during the Uruguay Round, including agriculture, textiles, and services. Also describes the controversy surrounding the creation of the WTO.

    Keywords: Trade; Agreements and Arrangements; Negotiation Process; Business and Government Relations;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Jack High. "World Trade Organization, The: Toward Free Trade or World Bureaucracy?" Harvard Business School Case 795-149, April 1995. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  27. U.S.A. 1995: The Republican Resurgence

    Keywords: Government and Politics; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "U.S.A. 1995: The Republican Resurgence." Harvard Business School Case 795-124, March 1995. (Revised July 1995.) View Details
  28. The Uses of Ideology for Managers

    Keywords: Management Practices and Processes;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "The Uses of Ideology for Managers." Harvard Business School Background Note 380-021, July 1979. (Revised July 1995.) View Details
  29. China 1995: Growing Pains

    Keywords: China;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "China 1995: Growing Pains." Harvard Business School Case 795-128, March 1995. (Revised May 1995.) View Details
  30. Flat Panel Display Initiative, The

    Keywords: Technological Innovation;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Sharon Novak. "Flat Panel Display Initiative, The ." Harvard Business School Case 795-052, November 1994. (Revised April 1995.) View Details
  31. Japan 1995: Return to High Performance?

    Provides an update to Japan Confronts an Interdependent World.

    Keywords: Performance Improvement; Japan;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "Japan 1995: Return to High Performance?" Harvard Business School Supplement 795-125, April 1995. View Details
  32. CANADA 1995: Big Debt, Slow Growth

    Keywords: Financial Condition; Canada;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "CANADA 1995: Big Debt, Slow Growth." Harvard Business School Supplement 795-127, April 1995. View Details
  33. Zambia 1995

    Designed to supplement Reconstruction of Zambia.

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "Zambia 1995." Harvard Business School Supplement 795-144, April 1995. View Details
  34. MEXICO 1995: The Crisis Returns

    Keywords: Financial Crisis; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Marie Bell. "MEXICO 1995: The Crisis Returns." Harvard Business School Case 795-126, March 1995. View Details
  35. Germany 1995: The Consensus Holds

    Designed to follow Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification.

    Keywords: Germany; Italy; United Kingdom; Europe;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Germany 1995: The Consensus Holds." Harvard Business School Supplement 795-093, January 1995. View Details
  36. Muetron Electronics: Introducing Multichip Modules

    Keywords: Competition; Electronics Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Muetron Electronics: Introducing Multichip Modules." Harvard Business School Case 794-096, January 1994. (Revised September 1994.) View Details
  37. Capitalism or What?

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Capitalism or What?" Harvard Business School Background Note 794-127, March 1994. View Details
  38. Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification, Supplement

    Provides a short update, describing what happened.

    Keywords: Germany; Italy; United Kingdom; Europe;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification, Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 793-042, September 1992. (Revised November 1993.) View Details
  39. Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification, Supplement Two

    Designed to be handed out after discussion of Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification and its Supplement.

    Keywords: Political Elections; Economy; Situation or Environment; Inflation and Deflation; Interest Rates; Central Banking; Integration; Germany; Italy; United Kingdom; Europe;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification, Supplement Two." Harvard Business School Supplement 793-043, September 1992. (Revised November 1993.) View Details
  40. Japan Confronts an Interdependent World, Supplement

    Provides an update.

    Keywords: Japan; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Japan Confronts an Interdependent World, Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 794-032, August 1993. View Details
  41. Health Industry Manufacturers Association

    Keywords: Medical Devices and Supplies Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Health Industry Manufacturers Association." Harvard Business School Case 389-085, January 1989. (Revised June 1993.) View Details
  42. Controlling International Oil--1920-74

    Keywords: Governance; Business and Government Relations; Energy Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Controlling International Oil--1920-74." Harvard Business School Case 383-096, January 1983. (Revised June 1993.) View Details
  43. World Bank: Mission Uncertain

    Keywords: Banks and Banking; Mission and Purpose; Business and Government Relations;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "World Bank: Mission Uncertain." Harvard Business School Case 792-100, May 1992. (Revised May 1993.) View Details
  44. President Clinton and the Federal Deficit

    Keywords: Sovereign Finance; Government and Politics; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "President Clinton and the Federal Deficit." Harvard Business School Case 793-111, February 1993. (Revised May 1993.) View Details
  45. Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification and Supplement TN

    Teaching Note for (9-793-033) and (9-793-042).

    Keywords: Germany; Italy; United Kingdom; Europe;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Germany in the 1990s: Managing Reunification and Supplement TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 793-047, February 1993. (Revised April 1993.) View Details
  46. Japan Confronts an Interdependent World TN

    Teaching Note for (9-793-034).

    Keywords: Japan; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Japan Confronts an Interdependent World TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 793-107, February 1993. View Details
  47. Managing Health Care at Ford Motor Co.

    Keywords: Health Care and Treatment; Auto Industry; Health Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Malcolm S. Salter. "Managing Health Care at Ford Motor Co." Harvard Business School Case 792-015, October 1991. (Revised November 1992.) View Details
  48. World Bank: Mission Uncertain TN

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "World Bank: Mission Uncertain TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 793-046, October 1992. View Details
  49. Managing Health Care at Ford Motor Co., Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Managing Health Care at Ford Motor Co., Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 792-051, December 1991. View Details
  50. Allied Chemical Corp. (A), Supplement

    Supplements the (A) case.

    Keywords: Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Allied Chemical Corp. (A), Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 391-231, May 1991. View Details
  51. Responsible Care

    Describes a 1989 initiative of the Chemical Manufacturer's Association (CMA) to secure chemical industry support for and implementation of a series of codes of conduct in the field of environmental health and safety. Called "Responsible Care", the program makes implementation of the codes a condition of membership in CMA. The case raises issues of due process, fairness, legitimacy, relations with EPA, and fears of small companies.

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Fairness; Ethics; Environmental Sustainability; Safety; Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Jeffrey F. Rayport. "Responsible Care." Harvard Business School Case 391-135, January 1991. (Revised March 1991.) View Details
  52. Sematech

    Keywords: Semiconductor Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Sematech." Harvard Business School Case 389-057, October 1988. (Revised February 1991.) View Details
  53. Responsible Care, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-391-135).

    Keywords: Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Responsible Care, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 391-136, January 1991. View Details
  54. Waste Reduction in Taiwan

    Keywords: Wastes and Waste Processing; Environmental Sustainability; Taiwan;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Waste Reduction in Taiwan." Harvard Business School Case 390-223, June 1990. (Revised October 1990.) View Details
  55. Taiwan 1986: Choices for the Future, Supplement

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Taiwan 1986: Choices for the Future, Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 391-055, August 1990. View Details
  56. Minneapolis Plastic Packaging Ban (A) and (B) & Waste Reduction in Taiwan, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Minneapolis Plastic Packaging Ban (A) and (B) & Waste Reduction in Taiwan, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 391-019, July 1990. (Revised July 1990.) View Details
  57. Minneapolis Plastic Packaging Ban (A)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Environmental Sustainability; Minneapolis;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Jeffrey F. Rayport. "Minneapolis Plastic Packaging Ban (A)." Harvard Business School Case 390-221, June 1990. (Revised July 1990.) View Details
  58. Minneapolis Plastic Packaging Ban (B)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Environmental Sustainability; Minneapolis;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Jeffrey F. Rayport. "Minneapolis Plastic Packaging Ban (B)." Harvard Business School Case 390-222, June 1990. (Revised July 1990.) View Details
  59. DARPA

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Jeffrey F. Rayport. "DARPA." Harvard Business School Case 390-142, January 1990. (Revised February 1990.) View Details
  60. Government Redress of Market Imperfections: Procurement from Minority Firms

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Ethics;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Government Redress of Market Imperfections: Procurement from Minority Firms." Harvard Business School Case 388-108, February 1988. (Revised January 1990.) View Details
  61. Wedtech Corp.

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Wedtech Corp." Harvard Business School Case 388-109, February 1988. (Revised January 1990.) View Details
  62. Sensing the Earth from Space

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Sensing the Earth from Space." Harvard Business School Case 389-154, March 1989. (Revised January 1990.) View Details
  63. Senator Riegle and U.S. Corporate Restructuring

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Senator Riegle and U.S. Corporate Restructuring." Harvard Business School Background Note 390-031, September 1989. (Revised October 1989.) View Details
  64. Ethics, Responsibility, and Ideology

    Keywords: Ethics; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Ethics, Responsibility, and Ideology." Harvard Business School Case 390-014, August 1989. View Details
  65. JESSI (The Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative)

    Keywords: Semiconductor Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "JESSI (The Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative)." Harvard Business School Case 389-135, February 1989. (Revised July 1989.) View Details
  66. European-United States Steel Dispute of 1982, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "European-United States Steel Dispute of 1982, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-196, April 1989. (Revised May 1989.) View Details
  67. Cooperation for Competition: U.S. and Japan, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Cooperation for Competition: U.S. and Japan, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-192, April 1989. View Details
  68. Allied Chemical Corp. (A), Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-379-137).

    Keywords: Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Allied Chemical Corp. (A), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-194, April 1989. View Details
  69. Wedtech Corp., Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Wedtech Corp., Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-195, April 1989. View Details
  70. Roles and Relationships of Business and Government, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-388-159).

    Keywords: Japan; Europe; United States; Mexico; Brazil;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Roles and Relationships of Business and Government, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-197, April 1989. View Details
  71. Brazil's Information Policy--1970-84, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Brazil's Information Policy--1970-84, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-115, February 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  72. Health Industry Manufacturers Association, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Health Industry Manufacturers Association, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-134, February 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  73. French Telecommunications in the 1980s (A), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "French Telecommunications in the 1980s (A), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-138, February 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  74. French Telecommunications in the 1980s (B), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "French Telecommunications in the 1980s (B), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-140, March 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  75. Government Redress of Market Imperfections: Procurement from Minority Firms, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Government Redress of Market Imperfections: Procurement from Minority Firms, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-151, March 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  76. Sensing the Earth from Space, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Sensing the Earth from Space, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-173, March 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  77. JESSI (The Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "JESSI (The Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-141, March 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  78. Sematech, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Sematech, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-108, January 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  79. USTR and Brazil--1985-88, TN

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "USTR and Brazil--1985-88, TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 389-116, February 1989. (Revised April 1989.) View Details
  80. Sematech (IBM Corp.: The Purpose and Accomplishments of Sematech), Video

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Sematech (IBM Corp.: The Purpose and Accomplishments of Sematech), Video." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 889-514, March 1989. View Details
  81. USTR and Brazil--1985-88

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Brazil;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "USTR and Brazil--1985-88." Harvard Business School Case 389-046, December 1988. (Revised February 1989.) View Details
  82. French Telecommunications in the 1980s (B)

    Keywords: Telecommunications Industry; France;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Barbara L. Jenkins. "French Telecommunications in the 1980s (B)." Harvard Business School Case 389-037, October 1988. (Revised January 1989.) View Details
  83. French Telecommunications in the 1980s (A)

    Keywords: Telecommunications Industry; France;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Barbara L. Jenkins. "French Telecommunications in the 1980s (A)." Harvard Business School Case 388-160, May 1988. (Revised September 1988.) View Details
  84. Machine Tool Industry and Industrial Policy--1955-82

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and David J. Collis. "Machine Tool Industry and Industrial Policy--1955-82." Harvard Business School Background Note 387-145, February 1987. (Revised July 1988.) View Details
  85. Roles and Relationships of Business and Government

    Synthesizes a wide range of literature and experience concerning comparative government-business relations, focusing especially on Japan, Europe, and the United States with some references to Brazil and Mexico. Designed for discussion in two consecutive class sessions. The first class should address the first 26 pages which relate to the different conceptions of the role, purpose, and structure of governments. The second class should consider pages 26 to 40 which concern the different roles, purposes, and structures of business. At the end are some discussion questions. Makes use of ideology as an analytical concept and as a framework for comparing different national systems.

    Keywords: Economic Systems; Framework; Government and Politics; Mission and Purpose; Organizational Structure; Business and Government Relations; Mathematical Methods; System; Japan; Europe; Mexico; United States; Brazil;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Roles and Relationships of Business and Government." Harvard Business School Background Note 388-159, May 1988. View Details
  86. Taiwan 1986: Choices for the Future

    Keywords: Economy; Planning; Strategy; Taiwan;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Taiwan 1986: Choices for the Future." Harvard Business School Case 387-152, March 1987. (Revised November 1987.) View Details
  87. Contract and Consensus at General Motors--1900-1984

    Keywords: Contracts; Labor Unions; Auto Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Contract and Consensus at General Motors--1900-1984." Harvard Business School Case 376-170, January 1976. (Revised November 1987.) View Details
  88. Tonen (A)

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Tonen (A)." Harvard Business School Case 387-071, October 1986. (Revised April 1987.) View Details
  89. Decline of United States Competitiveness in the World Economy: Some Causes and Remedies

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Decline of United States Competitiveness in the World Economy: Some Causes and Remedies." Harvard Business School Background Note 387-178, April 1987. View Details
  90. Eastern Air Lines, Supplement

    Keywords: Air Transportation Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Eastern Air Lines, Supplement." Harvard Business School Supplement 385-308, March 1985. (Revised December 1986.) View Details
  91. Tonen (B)

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Tonen (B)." Harvard Business School Supplement 387-072, October 1986. View Details
  92. MBAs at Merrill Lynch

    Keywords: Financial Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "MBAs at Merrill Lynch." Harvard Business School Case 386-194, May 1986. (Revised July 1986.) View Details
  93. Note on the U.S. Airline Industry in the 1980s

    Keywords: Air Transportation Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Charles C. Heckscher. "Note on the U.S. Airline Industry in the 1980s." Harvard Business School Background Note 486-078, January 1986. View Details
  94. Turrialba Mining Co. (A)

    Keywords: Mining Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Turrialba Mining Co. (A)." Harvard Business School Case 309-102, January 1964. (Revised November 1985.) View Details
  95. Eastern Air Lines

    Keywords: Air Transportation Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Eastern Air Lines." Harvard Business School Case 385-244, January 1985. (Revised April 1985.) View Details
  96. Sources and Patterns of Management Authority

    Keywords: Management Style;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., Janice McCormick, Richard E. Walton, and Shoshana Zuboff. "Sources and Patterns of Management Authority." Harvard Business School Background Note 484-039, October 1983. (Revised December 1984.) View Details
  97. Transition from Contract to Consensus at General Motors

    Keywords: Labor and Management Relations; Labor Unions; Human Resources; Management;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Transition from Contract to Consensus at General Motors." Harvard Business School Case 385-168, October 1984. View Details
  98. Allied Chemical Corp. (A)

    Describes Allied, the chemical industry, and the effects of the Kepone problem (a toxic pesticide dumped into the James River) as of 1976. The executive in the case must decide whether the company should support the passage of the Toxic Substances Control Act and an internal program called Product Responsibility. Underlying these issues is the question of whether Allied should take a cooperative or adversarial approach to government relations.

    Keywords: Pollution and Pollutants; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Decision Making; Laws and Statutes; Welfare or Wellbeing; Legal Liability; Business and Government Relations; Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Joseph L. Badaracco Jr. "Allied Chemical Corp. (A)." Harvard Business School Case 379-137, February 1979. (Revised December 1983.) View Details
  99. European-United States Steel Dispute of 1982

    Keywords: Trade; International Relations; Business and Government Relations; Steel Industry; Europe; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "European-United States Steel Dispute of 1982." Harvard Business School Case 383-123, March 1983. View Details
  100. United States Steel Industry in 1983

    Keywords: Steel Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "United States Steel Industry in 1983." Harvard Business School Case 383-124, March 1983. View Details
  101. Allied Chemical Corp. (B)

    Describes Allied's cooperative approach to government relations and the approach of some of the regulatory agencies Allied deals with. Based mainly on quotes from Allied and government officials. Asks the student to evaluate Allied's government relations--in general and in the light of three product decisions.

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Cooperation; Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Joseph L. Badaracco Jr. "Allied Chemical Corp. (B)." Harvard Business School Case 379-150, March 1979. (Revised December 1982.) View Details
  102. U.S. Bank Lending in Mexico

    Keywords: Banks and Banking; Financing and Loans; Mexico; United States;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "U.S. Bank Lending in Mexico." Harvard Business School Case 379-078, December 1978. (Revised April 1980.) View Details
  103. Context: Ideology

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Context: Ideology." Harvard Business School Background Note 380-071, November 1979. View Details
  104. Allied Chemical Corp. (B) and (C), Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-379-150) and (9-379-151).

    Keywords: Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Allied Chemical Corp. (B) and (C), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 380-172, November 1979. View Details
  105. Consolidated Edison (C)

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Consolidated Edison (C)." Harvard Business School Case 375-131, November 1974. (Revised October 1979.) View Details
  106. Allied Chemical Corp. (C)

    Supplements the (B) case.

    Keywords: Chemical Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C., and Joseph L. Badaracco Jr. "Allied Chemical Corp. (C)." Harvard Business School Supplement 379-151, March 1979. View Details
  107. Corporate Watergate

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Corporate Watergate." Harvard Business School Case 376-229, April 1976. (Revised November 1978.) View Details
  108. Affirmative Action at Aldrich

    Keywords: Recruitment; Selection and Staffing; Policy;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Affirmative Action at Aldrich." Harvard Business School Case 373-355, June 1973. (Revised December 1977.) View Details
  109. British Leyland: The Cowley Complex

    Keywords: Auto Industry; United Kingdom;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "British Leyland: The Cowley Complex." Harvard Business School Case 376-051, September 1975. View Details
  110. Consolidated Edison (A)

    Keywords: Utilities Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Consolidated Edison (A)." Harvard Business School Case 373-093, October 1972. (Revised August 1974.) View Details
  111. Turrialba Mining Co. (B)

    Keywords: Mining Industry;

    Citation:

    Lodge, George C. "Turrialba Mining Co. (B)." Harvard Business School Case 311-048, February 1967. (Revised July 1971.) View Details