James E. Austin

Eliot I. Snider and Family Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus

Dr. Austin holds the Eliot I. Snider and Family Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus at the Harvard Business School. Previously he held the John G. McLean Professorship and the Richard Chapman Professorship. He has been a member of the Harvard University faculty since 1972. He was the Co-Founder and Chair of the HBS Social Enterprise Initiative.

Educational Background: Doctor of Business Administration and Master of Business Administration from Harvard University with Distinction; Bachelor of Business Administration from The University of Michigan with High Distinction, elected to Beta Gamma Sigma.

Research Publications: He has been the author or editor of 16 books, dozens of articles, and over a hundred case studies on business and nonprofit organizations. His most recent book is Social Partnering in Latin America published in 2004 (Harvard University Press), a collaborative research publication of the Social Enterprise Knowledge Network (SEKN). In 2000 he authored The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Businesses Succeed Through Strategic Alliances (Jossey-Bass Publishers)which was selected to be part of the Drucker Foundation Leader Book series and received one of the Independent Sector's research publication awards. His current research deals with social enterprises with emphasis on the creation, management, and governance of nonprofit organizations, and on the role of business leaders and corporations in the social sector. His prior research focused primarily on management problems in developing countries, agribusiness, and nutrition policy. His previous books include Managing in Developing Countries (The Free Press), Strategic Management in Developing Countries (The Free Press), and Agroindustrial Project Analysis (World Bank/Johns Hopkins Press).

Teaching Experience: Prof. Austin has taught courses in the following areas: Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector, Governance of Nonprofit Organizations, Management in Developing Countries, Agribusiness, Business Ethics, International Business, Business-Government Relations, Marketing, Nutrition Policy, and Case Method Teaching. In addition to Harvard, Dr. Austin has given seminars to managers, government officials, and graduate students in various institutions throughout the world.

Advisory Services: Dr. Austin has provided advisory services to private companies, governments, international development agencies, educational institutions, and nongovernmental organizations. He served as a Special Advisor to the White House.

Books

  1. Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector

    "Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector provides an excellent overview of the many tools available to the entrepreneur to advance his or her mission, and it discusses many of the problems that organizations and their managers encounter at different points of a growth process."
    -NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY

     Written for students and practitioners, this unique text, with Harvard cases, provides detailed analysis and frameworks for achieving maximum impact through social entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector enables readers to attain an in depth understanding of the distinctive characteristics of the social enterprise context and organizations. The authors offer tools to develop the knowledge to pursue social entrepreneurship more strategically and achieve mission impact more efficiently, effectively, and sustainably.

    Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Society;

    Citation:

    Wei-Skillern, Jane, James Austin, Herman Leonard, and Howard Stevenson. Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector. Sage Publications, 2007.
  2. Effective Management of Social Enterprises: Lessons from Businesses and Civil Society Organizations in Iberoamerica

    Keywords: Management; Social Enterprise; Learning; Business Ventures; Organizations; Africa;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Roberto Gutierrez, Enrique Ogliastri, and Ezequiel Reficco. Effective Management of Social Enterprises: Lessons from Businesses and Civil Society Organizations in Iberoamerica. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006. (Social Enterprise Knowledge Network (SEKN), Editorial Committee.)
  3. Gestión efectiva de emprendimientos sociales

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Roberto Gutierrez, Enrique Ogliastri, and Ezequiel Reficco. Gestión efectiva de emprendimientos sociales. Washington, D.C.: Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, 2006, Spanish ed.
  4. Social Partnering in Latin America

    Keywords: Partners and Partnerships; Latin America;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Ezequiel Reficco, Gabriel Berger, Rosa Maria Fischer, Roberto Gutierrez, Mladen Koljatic, Gerardo Lozano, and Enrique Ogliastri. Social Partnering in Latin America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.
  5. Meeting the Collaboration Challenge Workbook

    Keywords: Cooperation; Problems and Challenges;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and The Drucker Foundation. Meeting the Collaboration Challenge Workbook. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
  6. Dos Casos Colombianos de Gerencia Social: La Corporacion de Accion Solidaria Corposol y La Compania de Financiamiento Comercial Finansol

    Keywords: Commercial Banking; Colombia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James, Enrique Ogliastri, and Roberto Gutierrez. Dos Casos Colombianos de Gerencia Social: La Corporacion de Accion Solidaria Corposol y La Compania de Financiamiento Comercial Finansol. Vol. 55, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Administración Monografías. Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia), Facultad de Administración, 2001, Spanish ed.
  7. The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Business Succeed through Strategic Alliances

    Keywords: Alliances; Business Ventures; Nonprofit Organizations;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Business Succeed through Strategic Alliances. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2000.
  8. Agroindustrial Project Analysis: Critical Design Factors

    Keywords: Agribusiness; Projects; Design;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. Agroindustrial Project Analysis: Critical Design Factors. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
  9. Instructor's Manual for Strategic Management in Developing Countries

    Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Management; Strategy;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E., and T. Kohn. Instructor's Manual for Strategic Management in Developing Countries. New York: Free Press, 1990.
  10. Strategic Management in Developing Countries

    Keywords: Business Strategy; Developing Countries and Economies;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E., and T. Kohn. Strategic Management in Developing Countries. New York: Free Press, 1990.
  11. Managing in Developing Countries: Strategic Analysis and Operating Techniques

    Keywords: Management;

  12. Food Policy in Mexico: The Search for Self Sufficiency

    Keywords: Food; Policy; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Gustavo Esteva, eds. Food Policy in Mexico: The Search for Self Sufficiency. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987.
  13. Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book

    Keywords: Gender Characteristics; Growth and Development; Projects; Books;

    Citation:

    Overholt, Catherine, Mary B. Anderson, Kathleen Cloud, and James E. Austin, eds. Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book..
  14. Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book

    Keywords: Gender Characteristics; Growth and Development; Projects; Books;

    Citation:

    Overholt, C., Mary B. Anderson, Kathleen Cloud, and James E. Austin, eds. Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book. West Hartford, CT.
  15. The Results and Interpretation of Three Field Trials of Lysine Fortification of Cereals

    Keywords: Food; Nutrition;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Jean Pierre Habicht, Max Milner, Vernon Young, and Linda D. Myers. The Results and Interpretation of Three Field Trials of Lysine Fortification of Cereals. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1984.
  16. Confronting Urban Malnutrition: the design of nutrition programs

    Keywords: Urban Scope; Food; Nutrition; Programs;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. Confronting Urban Malnutrition: the design of nutrition programs. World Bank Staff Occasional Papers. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.
  17. Nutrition Intervention in the United States: Cases and Concepts

    Keywords: Nutrition; Programs; Cases; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Christopher Hitt. Nutrition Intervention in the United States: Cases and Concepts. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1979.
  18. Global Malnutrition and Cereal Fortification

    Keywords: Nutrition; Food;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., ed. Global Malnutrition and Cereal Fortification. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1979.
  19. Cell Protein II

    Keywords: Science;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Steven Tannenbaum, and Daniel I. C. Wang, eds. Cell Protein II. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977.
  20. Food and Nutrition Policies in a Changing Environment

    Keywords: Food; Nutrition; Change;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. Food and Nutrition Policies in a Changing Environment. Vol. 25, World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics. Bazel: Karger, 1976.
  21. Agribusiness Management for Developing Countries--Latin America

    Keywords: Agribusiness; Management; Developing Countries and Economies; Latin America;

    Citation:

    Goldberg, Ray A., Leonard M. Wilson, James E. Austin, and et al. Agribusiness Management for Developing Countries--Latin America. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1974.
  22. Agribusiness in Latin America: A Case Book on Agribusiness Management

    Keywords: Agribusiness; Management; Books; Latin America;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. Agribusiness in Latin America: A Case Book on Agribusiness Management. Praeger, 1974.

Journal Articles

  1. Can the Virtuous Mouse and the Wealthy Elephant Live Happily Ever After?

    What happens when small iconic socially oriented businesses are acquired by large corporations? Such mergers create significant opportunities for creating both business value and substantially expanded social value, but they also pose unusually difficult challenges because the merging entities are often strikingly different in philosophy and operating styles as well as in scale. This article examines three examples—Ben and Jerry's acquisition by Unilever, Stonyfield Farm by Groupe Danone, and Tom's of Maine by Colgate—to ascertain what is distinctive about the merger process and to analyze the elements critical to success. The article offers suggestions on how other companies considering similar arrangements might best manage the process of courtship, developing agreements, and executing effectively within the newly merged entities.

    Keywords: Mergers and Acquisitions; Management Style; Agreements and Arrangements; Social Enterprise; Social Issues;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Herman B. "Dutch" Leonard. "Can the Virtuous Mouse and the Wealthy Elephant Live Happily Ever After?" California Management Review 51, no. 1 (fall 2008): 77–102.
  2. Business and Low-Income Sectors: Finding a New Weapon to Attack Poverty

    Keywords: Poverty; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Michael Chu. "Business and Low-Income Sectors: Finding a New Weapon to Attack Poverty." Art. 1. Social Enterprise: Making a Difference. ReVista 6, no. 1 (fall 2006): 3–5.
  3. Social and Commercial Entrepreneurship: Same, Different, or Both?

    Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Society;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Howard Stevenson, and Jane Wei-Skillern. "Social and Commercial Entrepreneurship: Same, Different, or Both?" Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 30, no. 1 (January 2006).
  4. The Many Faces of Leadership

    Keywords: Leadership;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "The Many Faces of Leadership." Special Issue on Shine a Light. Leader to Leader (June 2005): 27–30.
  5. La Nueva Ruta: alianzas sociales estrategicas (The New Path: Strategic Social Alliances)

    Keywords: Strategy; Society; Alliances; Growth and Development Strategy;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Gustavo Herrero, and Ezequiel Reficco. "La Nueva Ruta: alianzas sociales estrategicas (The New Path: Strategic Social Alliances)." Harvard Business Review América Latina (December 2004).
  6. A Few First Principles for a Booming Third Sector

    Keywords: Finance;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "A Few First Principles for a Booming Third Sector." Times Higher Education Supplement (May 2004).
  7. Mining Gold in Not-for-Profit Brands

    Keywords: Brands and Branding; Nonprofit Organizations;

    Citation:

    Quelch, John A., James E. Austin, and Nathalie Laidler-Kylander. "Mining Gold in Not-for-Profit Brands." Harvard Business Review 82, no. 4 (April 2004): 24.
  8. Strategic Alliances: Managing the Collaboration Portfolio

    Keywords: Strategy; Alliances; Management; Investment;

  9. Marketing's Role in Cross Sector Collaboration

    Keywords: Marketing;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Marketing's Role in Cross Sector Collaboration." Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing 11, no. 1 (spring 2003).
  10. Business Leadership Coalitions and Public-Private Partnerships in American Cities: A Business Perspective on Regime Theory

    Keywords: Leadership; Partners and Partnerships; Theory; Perspective; City; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James, and Arthur McCaffrey. "Business Leadership Coalitions and Public-Private Partnerships in American Cities: A Business Perspective on Regime Theory." Journal of Urban Affairs 24, no. 1 (spring 2002): 35–54.
  11. Survivor: The Brave New World of E-Philanthropy

    Keywords: Online Technology;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Survivor: The Brave New World of E-Philanthropy." Leader to Leader, no. 24 (spring 2002): 39–43.
  12. Business Partnering Frontiers: Social Purpose Alliances

    Keywords: Partners and Partnerships; Alliances; Society;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Business Partnering Frontiers: Social Purpose Alliances." New Academy Review (February 2002).
  13. Giving it Away

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Giving it Away." Conference Board (July/August 2001).
  14. The E-Philanthropy Revolution is Here to Stay

    Keywords: Giving and Philanthropy; Online Technology;

    Citation:

    Austin, James. "The E-Philanthropy Revolution is Here to Stay." Chronicle of Philanthropy (March 2001).
  15. The Age of Ethical Alliances

    Keywords: Ethics; Alliances;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "The Age of Ethical Alliances." Financial Times (19 December 2000).
  16. Principles for Partnership

    Keywords: Partners and Partnerships;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Principles for Partnership." Leader to Leader, no. 18 (October 2000): 44–50.
  17. Business Leadership Coalitions

    Keywords: Leadership; Groups and Teams;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "Business Leadership Coalitions." Business and Society Review 105, no. 3 (fall 2000).
  18. Strategic Collaboration between Nonprofits and Businesses

    Keywords: Nonprofit Organizations; Strategy; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "Strategic Collaboration between Nonprofits and Businesses." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 29, no. 1 (March 2000): 69–97.
  19. Strategic Alliances between Nonprofits and Businesses

    Keywords: Strategy; Alliances; Nonprofit Organizations; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Strategic Alliances between Nonprofits and Businesses." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 29, no. 1 (March 2000): 69–97.
  20. Strategic Partnering

    Keywords: Strategy; Partners and Partnerships;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Strategic Partnering." Strategic Partnering. Executive Update (2000).
  21. Business Leadership Lessons from the Cleveland Turnaround

    Keywords: Leadership;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "Business Leadership Lessons from the Cleveland Turnaround." California Management Review 40, no. 1 (fall 1998): 86–106.
  22. Business Leaders and Nonprofits

    Keywords: Nonprofit Organizations;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "Business Leaders and Nonprofits." Nonprofit Management & Leadership 9, no. 1 (fall 1998): pp. 39–51.
  23. The Invisible Side of Leadership

    Keywords: Leadership;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "The Invisible Side of Leadership." Leader to Leader 8 (spring 1998): 38–46.
  24. Pathways to Business Success in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Keywords: Success; Africa;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., W. Cohn, and J. Quelch. "Pathways to Business Success in Sub-Saharan Africa." Journal of African Finance and Economic Development 2, no. 1 (spring 1996): 57–76.
  25. I's, C's, and T's: The Management of Change and Competitiveness

    Keywords: Management; Change; Competition;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "I's, C's, and T's: The Management of Change and Competitiveness." VenEconomy Monthly 13, no. 2 (November 1995): 3–7.
  26. Managing in Developing Countries: Challenges for the 21st Century

    Keywords: Global Range; Problems and Challenges; Management;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "Managing in Developing Countries: Challenges for the 21st Century." Asian Manager (August–September 1995).
  27. Should Multinationals Invest in Africa?

    Keywords: Global Range; Investment; Africa;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Should Multinationals Invest in Africa?" MIT Sloan Management Review 34, no. 3 (spring 1993): 107–19.
  28. The Boundaries of Business: The Developing-Country Difference

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Global Range;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "The Boundaries of Business: The Developing-Country Difference." Harvard Business Review 69, no. 4 (July–August 1991).
  29. Nutrition Policy: Building the Bridge between Science and Politics

    Keywords: Nutrition; Policy; Science; Government and Politics;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and C. Overholt. "Nutrition Policy: Building the Bridge between Science and Politics." Annual Review of Nutrition 8 (July 1988): 1–20.
  30. La Geréncia del Futuro: Hacía el Año 2,000 y Mas Allá

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "La Geréncia del Futuro: Hacía el Año 2,000 y Mas Allá." Mercadotecnia, no. 79 (1988).
  31. Privatización de Empresas Estatales

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., John F. Coburn, and Lawrence H. Wortzel. "Privatización de Empresas Estatales." Revista-INCAE II, no. 2 (Segundo Semestre 1988).
  32. Privatizing State-Owned Enterprises: Hopes and Realities

    Keywords: State Ownership; Privatization; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Lawrence H. Wortzel, and John F. Coburn. "Privatizing State-Owned Enterprises: Hopes and Realities." Columbia Journal of World Business (fall 1986).
  33. Management, Managers and Revolution

    Keywords: Management;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and J.C. Ickis. "Management, Managers and Revolution." World Development 14, no. 7 (July 1986): 775–789.
  34. Managing After the Revolutionaries Have Won

    Keywords: Management; Change;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and John C. Ickis. "Managing After the Revolutionaries Have Won." Harvard Business Review 64, no. 3 (May–June 1986).
  35. Book Review of No Free Lunch: Food and Revolution in Cuba Today, edited by Medea Benjamin, Joseph Collins, and Michael Scott in Calories Count in Cuba

    Keywords: Food; Government and Politics; Cuba;

  36. SAM is dead - long live SAM

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Gustavo Esteva. "SAM is dead - long live SAM." Food Policy 10, no. 2 (May 1985).
  37. The Role of the Revolutionary State in the Nicaraguan Food System

    Keywords: Food; System;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Jonathan Abbott Fox, and Walter Kruger. "The Role of the Revolutionary State in the Nicaraguan Food System." World Development 13, no. 1 (January 1985): 15–40.
  38. Autonomy Revisited

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Autonomy Revisited." Public Enterprise 5, no. 3 (1985).
  39. Nutrition Policies and Programmes: A Decade of Redirection

    Keywords: Food; Policy; Programs;

    Citation:

    Berg, Alan, and James E. Austin. "Nutrition Policies and Programmes: A Decade of Redirection." Food Policy 9, no. 4 (November 1984): 304–412.
  40. Political Forecasting as a Management Tool

    Keywords: Forecasting and Prediction; Government and Politics; Management Analysis, Tools, and Techniques;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and David Yoffie. "Political Forecasting as a Management Tool." Journal of Forecasting 3, no. 4 (October––December 1984).
  41. Reformulating U.S. Food Aid Policy for Development

    Keywords: Food; Policy; Growth and Development; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Mitchel B. Wallerstein. "Reformulating U.S. Food Aid Policy for Development." World Development 7, no. 6 (June 1979): 635–646.
  42. US National Dietary Goals: Food Industry Threat or Opportunity?

    Keywords: Food; Goals and Objectives; Opportunities; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and J. A. Quelch. "US National Dietary Goals: Food Industry Threat or Opportunity?" Food Policy (May 1979).
  43. The Perilous Journey of Nutrition Evaluation

    Keywords: Nutrition;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "The Perilous Journey of Nutrition Evaluation." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (December 1978).
  44. What Comes First in Feeding the Hungry?

    Keywords: Food; Poverty;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "What Comes First in Feeding the Hungry?" Nutrition Today (November/December 1978).
  45. World Food Council at Three Years--Global Food System Manager?

    Keywords: Food; System; Management; Governance;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Mitchel B. Wallerstein. "World Food Council at Three Years--Global Food System Manager?" Food Policy 3, no. 3 (August 1978).
  46. Institutional Dimensions of the Malnutrition Problem

    Keywords: Nutrition; Food; Problems and Challenges;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Institutional Dimensions of the Malnutrition Problem." International Organization 32, no. 8 (summer 1978).
  47. Cereal Fortification Reconsidered

    Keywords: Food; Nutrition;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Cereal Fortification Reconsidered." Cereal Foods World 23, no. 5 (May 1978).
  48. Marketing Nutrition

    Keywords: Nutrition; Marketing;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Marketing Nutrition." Cereal Foods World 22, no. 11 (November 1977).
  49. Can Nutrition Sell?

    Keywords: Food; Sales; Nutrition;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Can Nutrition Sell?" Professional Nutritionist (August/September 1976).
  50. Population and Nutrition: A Case for Integration

    Keywords: Nutrition; Integration; Groups and Teams;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and F. James Levinson. "Population and Nutrition: A Case for Integration." Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly. Health and Society 52, no. 2 (spring 1974): 169–184.
  51. The Management Bottleneck in Family Planning

    Keywords: Management; Planning;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "The Management Bottleneck in Family Planning." Studies in Family Planning (December 1973).

Book Chapters

  1. Civil Society - Business Relations

    Keywords: Civil Society or Community; Business and Community Relations; Business Ventures; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Alnoor Ebrahim. "Civil Society - Business Relations." In International Encyclopedia of Civil Society, edited by Helmut K. Anheier and Stefan Toepler. New York: Springer, 2010.
  2. Sustainability through Partnering: Conceptualizing Partnerships between Businesses and NGOs

    Keywords: Partners and Partnerships; Business Ventures; Non-Governmental Organizations;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Sustainability through Partnering: Conceptualizing Partnerships between Businesses and NGOs." Chap. 3 in Partnerships, Governance and Sustainable Development: Reflections on Theory and Practice, edited by Pieter Glasbergen, Frank Biermann, and Arthur P.J. Mole. Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008.
  3. Social Entrepreneurship: It's for Corporations, Too

    Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact;

    Citation:

    Leonard, Dutch, Ezequiel Reficco, Jane Wei-Skillern, and James E. Austin. "Social Entrepreneurship: It's for Corporations, Too." Chap. 8 in Social Entrepreneurship, edited by Johanna Mair, Jeffrey Robinson, and Kai Hockerts. Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
  4. Three Avenues for Social Entrepreneurship Research

    Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship; Research;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Three Avenues for Social Entrepreneurship Research." In Social Entrepreneurship, edited by Johanna Mair, Jeffrey Robinson, and Kai Hockerts. Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
  5. Leadership Through Social Purpose Partnering

    Keywords: Leadership; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Partners and Partnerships;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Leadership Through Social Purpose Partnering." Chap. 13 in Responsible Leadership, edited by Thomas Maak and Nicola Pless, 202–212. London: Routledge, 2006.
  6. Corporate Social Entrepreneurship: A New Vision for CSR

    Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Dutch Leonard, Ezequiel Reficco, and Jane Wei-Skillern. "Corporate Social Entrepreneurship: A New Vision for CSR." In The Accountable Corporation. Vol. 2, edited by Marc J. Epstein and Kirk O. Hanson. Praeger, 2005.
  7. Reflections on Leadership

    Keywords: Leadership;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Reflections on Leadership." Chap. 5 in Liderazgo, Lideranca, Leadership: Testimonios personales, 71. Costa Rica: VIVA Services Co., 2005, Spanish ed.
  8. Institutional Collaboration

    Keywords: Cooperation;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Institutional Collaboration." Chap. 8 in Effective Economic Decision-Making by Nonprofit Organizations, edited by Dennis R. Young, pp. 149–166. New York: Foundation Center, 2003.
  9. Management in the Emerging Countries

    Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Management;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Kohn. "Management in the Emerging Countries." In The International Encyclopedia of Business and Management. 2nd ed. 8 vols. Edited by Malcolm Warner. London: Thomson Learning, 2002.
  10. Cross Sector Collaboration: Lessons from the International Trachoma Initiative

    Keywords: Health Disorders; Health Care and Treatment; Public Sector; Private Sector; Business and Government Relations; International Relations; Health Industry;

    Citation:

    Barrett, Diana, James E. Austin, and Sheila McCarthy. "Cross Sector Collaboration: Lessons from the International Trachoma Initiative." In Public-Private Partnerships for Public Health, edited by Michael R. Reich.Harvard Series on Population and International Health. Harvard University Press, 2002.
  11. Management in Developing Countries

    Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Management;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Kohn. "Management in Developing Countries." In International Encyclopedia of Business and Management, edited by J. Kotter. London: Routledge, 2001.
  12. Communicating the Teacher's Wisdom

    Keywords: Teaching; Communication; Knowledge Sharing;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., L. B. Barnes, C. R. Christiansen, and A. J. Hansen. "Communicating the Teacher's Wisdom." In Teaching and the Case Method: Text, Cases, and Readings. Harvard Business School Press, 1994.
  13. Teaching Notes: Communicating the Teacher's Wisdom

    Keywords: Teaching; Communication;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "Teaching Notes: Communicating the Teacher's Wisdom." In Teaching and the Case Method: Instructor's Guide. 3rd ed. Edited by Louis B. Barnes, C. Roland Christensen, and Abby J. Hansen. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1994.
  14. La estrategia empresarial y el entorno en los paises en desarrollo

    Keywords: Business Strategy; Developing Countries and Economies;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E. "La estrategia empresarial y el entorno en los paises en desarrollo." In Estrategia: Diseño y ejecucion, edited by J. N. Marin and E. Montial. San Jose, Costa Rica: Asociación Libro Libre, 1992.
  15. To See Ourselves as Others See Us: The Rewards of Classroom Observation

    Keywords: Perception; Education;

    Citation:

    Austin, J. E., A. Sweet, and C. Overholt. "To See Ourselves as Others See Us: The Rewards of Classroom Observation." In Education for Judgment: The Artistry of Discussion Leadership, edited by David A. Garvin, C. R. Christensen, and A. Sweet. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1991.
  16. State Trading and the Futures Market

    Keywords: Futures and Commodity Futures; Government and Politics; Financial Markets;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Kenneth L. Hoadley. "State Trading and the Futures Market." In U.S.-Mexico Relations: Agriculture and Rural Development, edited by Bruce F. Johnston, Cassio Luiselli, Roger Norton, and Celso Cartas Contreras. Stanford University Press, 1987.
  17. Food Marketing Public Enterprises

    Keywords: Food; Marketing; Distribution; Public Sector; Government and Politics; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Michael J. Buckley. "Food Marketing Public Enterprises." In Marketing Perspectives of Public Enterprises in Developing Countries, edited by K.L.K. Rao.ICPE Monograph Series. Ljubljana, Yugoslavia: International Center for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries, 1986.
  18. Women in Development: A Framework for Project Analysis

    Keywords: Development Economics; Gender Characteristics; Projects;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., C. Overholt, Mary B. Anderson, and Kathleen Cloud. "Women in Development: A Framework for Project Analysis." In Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book, edited by Catherine Overholt, Mary B. Anderson, Kathleen Cloud, and James E. Austin., 1985.
  19. Small-Scale Enterprise and Women

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Gender Characteristics;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Maryanne Dulansey. "Small-Scale Enterprise and Women." In Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book, edited by Catherine Overholt, Mary B. Anderson, Kathleen Cloud, and James E. Austin., 1985.
  20. Food Policy

    Keywords: Food; Policy; Government and Politics; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Food Policy." In Nicaragua: The First Five Years, edited by James E. Austin and Jonathan Abbott Fox. New York: Praeger, 1985.
  21. Strategies and Mechanisms for Urban and Rural Subsidization: The Case of CONASUPO

    Keywords: Strategy; Policy; Rural Scope; Urban Scope; Sovereign Finance; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Strategies and Mechanisms for Urban and Rural Subsidization: The Case of CONASUPO." In Nutrition Policy Implementation, edited by N. Scrimshaw and M. Wallerstein. Plenum Press, 1982.
  22. Nutrition Intervention Programs: Scope and Limits

    Keywords: Nutrition; Health Care and Treatment; Programs;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Nutrition Intervention Programs: Scope and Limits." In Nutrition in Health and Disease and International Development: Symposia from the XII International Congress of Nutrition, edited by A. E. Harper and G. K. Daves. Alan R. Liss, Inc., 1982.
  23. The Marketing Factor for Nonconventional-Protein Products

    Keywords: Food; Product Marketing; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., J. A. Quelch, Joe R. D'Cruz, and Edward T. Popper. "The Marketing Factor for Nonconventional-Protein Products." Chap. 9 in Protein Resources and Technology, edited by Max Milner, Nevin S. Scrimshaw, and Daniel I.C. Wang, 111–135. Westport, CT: AVI Publishing Company, 1978.
  24. Cereal Fortification: Barriers to Implementation

    Keywords: Food; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Donald S. Snodgrass. "Cereal Fortification: Barriers to Implementation." In Improving the Nutrient Quality of Cereals II: Report on Second Workshop on Breeding and Fortification, edited by Harold Ludwig Wilcke. Washington, D.C.: AID, 1976.
  25. Attacking the Malnutrition Problem

    Keywords: Nutrition; Food; Problems and Challenges; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Attacking the Malnutrition Problem." In Food, Man, and Society, edited by Henry L. Barnett, Norman Kretchmer, and Dwain N. Walcher.International Organization for the Study of Human Development. New York: Plenum Press, 1976.
  26. Marketing in Nicaragua

    Keywords: Marketing; Developing Countries and Economies; Nicaragua;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Marketing in Nicaragua." In Worldwide Marketing, edited by Felikas Pububinskas. Technomic Publishing Co., 1974.
  27. At What Price Paternalism

    Keywords: Management Style;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "At What Price Paternalism." In Comparative Management: Organizational and Cultural Perspectives.Stanley Davis Series. Prentice Hall, 1971.

Working Papers

  1. Corporate Social Entrepreneurship

    Corporate Social Entrepreneurship (CSE) is a process aimed at enabling business to develop more advanced and powerful forms of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

    Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Corporate Entrepreneurship; Social Entrepreneurship;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Ezequiel Reficco. "Corporate Social Entrepreneurship." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 09-101, March 2009.
  2. Can the Virtuous Mouse and the Wealthy Elephant Live Happily Ever After?

    What happens when small iconic socially-oriented businesses are acquired by large corporations? Such mergers create significant opportunities for creating both business value and substantially expanded social value, but also pose unusually difficult challenges because the merging entities are often strikingly different in philosophy and operating styles as well as in scale. We examine three examples -- Ben and Jerry's acquisition by Unilever, Stonyfield Farm by Groupe Danone, and Tom's of Maine by Colgate -- to ascertain what is distinctive about the merger process and to analyze the elements critical to success. We develop suggestions about how other companies considering similar arrangements might best manage the process of courtship, developing agreements, and executing effectively within the newly merged entities.

    Keywords: Mergers and Acquisitions; Management Style; Agreements and Arrangements; Social Enterprise; Social Issues;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Herman B. Leonard. "Can the Virtuous Mouse and the Wealthy Elephant Live Happily Ever After?" Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 09-047, September 2008.
  3. Sustainability through Partnering: Strategic Alliances between Businesses and NGOs

    Citation:

    Austin, James. "Sustainability through Partnering: Strategic Alliances between Businesses and NGOs." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 06-054, June 2006.
  4. Social Enterprise Series No. 31--Corporate Social Entrepreneurship: A New Vision of CSR

    Citation:

    Austin, James, Herman Leonard, Ezequiel Reficco, and Jane Wei-Skillern. "Social Enterprise Series No. 31--Corporate Social Entrepreneurship: A New Vision of CSR." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 05-021, October 2004.
  5. Social Enterprise Series No. 28--Social Entrepreneurship and Commercial Entrepreneurship: Same, Different, or Both?

    Citation:

    Austin, James, Howard H. Stevenson, and Jane Wei-Skillern. "Social Enterprise Series No. 28--Social Entrepreneurship and Commercial Entrepreneurship: Same, Different, or Both?" Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 04-029, November 2003.
  6. Social Enterprise Series No. 23: Survivor: The Brave New World of ePhilanthropy

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 23: Survivor: The Brave New World of ePhilanthropy." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 02-066, March 2002.
  7. Social Enterprise Series No. 22: Marketing's Role in Cross-Sector Collaboration

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 22: Marketing's Role in Cross-Sector Collaboration." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 01-087, June 2001.
  8. Social Enterprise Series No. 20: Business Leadership Coalitions and Public-Private Partnerships in American Cities: A Perspective on Regime Theory

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Arthur McCaffrey. "Social Enterprise Series No. 20: Business Leadership Coalitions and Public-Private Partnerships in American Cities: A Perspective on Regime Theory." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 01-080, May 2001.
  9. Social Enterprise Series No. 18: The e-Philanthropy Revolution

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 18: The e-Philanthropy Revolution." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 01-031, November 2000.
  10. Social Enterprise Series No. 16: Cross-Sector Collaboration: Lessons from the International Trachoma Initiative

    Citation:

    Barrett, Diana, James E. Austin, and Sheila McCarthy. "Social Enterprise Series No. 16: Cross-Sector Collaboration: Lessons from the International Trachoma Initiative." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 00-091, June 2000.
  11. Social Enterprise Series No. 15: Private-Public Partnerships

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 15: Private-Public Partnerships." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 00-072, April 2000.
  12. Social Enterprise Series No. 14: Business Leadership Coalitions

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 14: Business Leadership Coalitions." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 00-071, April 2000.
  13. Social Enterprise Series No. 6: The Collaboration Challenge: Making the Most of Strategic Alliances between Nonprofits and Corporations

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 6: The Collaboration Challenge: Making the Most of Strategic Alliances between Nonprofits and Corporations." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 99-063, December 1998.
  14. Social Enterprise Series No. 5: Partnering for Progress

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 5: Partnering for Progress." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 99-051, October 1998.
  15. Social Enterprise Series No.4: Business Leadership Lessons from the Cleveland Turnaround

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No.4: Business Leadership Lessons from the Cleveland Turnaround." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 98-022, September 1997.
  16. Social Enterprise Series No.3: Corporate Community Service: Achieving Effective Engagement

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No.3: Corporate Community Service: Achieving Effective Engagement." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 98-021, September 1997.
  17. Social Enterprise Series No. 2: Making Business Sense of Community Service

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 2: Making Business Sense of Community Service." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 98-020, September 1997.
  18. Social Enterprise Series No. 1: Business Leaders and Nonprofits

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Social Enterprise Series No. 1: Business Leaders and Nonprofits." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 98-019, September 1997.

Cases and Teaching Materials

  1. Ben & Jerry's: Preserving Mission & Brand within Unilever (TN)

    Teaching Note for [306037].

    Keywords: Consumer Products Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Ben & Jerry's: Preserving Mission & Brand within Unilever (TN)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 309-051, September 2008.
  2. Organics: Coming Center Stage? (TN)

    Keywords: Food;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Reed Martin. "Organics: Coming Center Stage? (TN)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 907-408, March 2007.
  3. Ben & Jerry's: Preserving Mission & Brand within Unilever

    In the months after Ben & Jerry's was acquired by Unilever, Ben & Jerry's head social mission faces challenges and opportunities unique in the company's history, including: how to manage employee morale; whether to include synthetic ingredients to meet consumer preferences; how to preserve the company's tradition of speaking out on public issues; and how to maintain the company's distinctive brand image. Also, depicts an innovative corporate governance model with an external board comprising former Ben & Jerry's executives to advise the new CEO on managing the company's distinctive brand and values.

    Keywords: Brands and Branding; Problems and Challenges; Mergers and Acquisitions; Mission and Purpose; Social Enterprise; Management Teams; Governing and Advisory Boards; Value Creation; Corporate Governance; Employee Relationship Management; Food and Beverage Industry; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Retail Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and James Quinn. "Ben & Jerry's: Preserving Mission & Brand within Unilever." Harvard Business School Case 306-037, December 2005. (Revised January 2007.)
  4. Organics: Coming Center Stage?

    The organics movement has certainly come a long way. From hippie farming communes and a scattering of natural food stores in the 1960s, organics outgrew its origins as a counterculture curiosity of the 1970s to become the fastest growing segment of the food industry in the 21st century. But 2006 sent shock waves through the organics industry. In April, the world's largest retailer, Wal-Mart, announced that it would double the number of organic food items sold in its 3,800 stores and in the additional 1,400 it still planned to build in the Untied States. The retailer also pledged to become a center of affordable "organics for everyone" and started by doubling its organic offerings in 2006 at 374 of its stores. Wal-Mart had already introduced its own "Great Value" brand of organic milk in 1,200 of its "supercenter" and was selling it for 10% less than Horizon Organic, the organic milk brand Wal-Mart had carried for three years. Wal-Mart's senior management had already told Wall Street analysts that its organic food would cost just 10% more than traditional groceries. Was Wal-Mart's move a tipping point for the organics industry by kindling broad consumer interest in organics in America's heartland? What would be the impact on the other players in the organics system?

    Keywords: Food; Supply and Industry; Consumer Behavior; Competitive Advantage; Competitive Strategy; Food and Beverage Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Reed Martin. "Organics: Coming Center Stage?" Harvard Business School Case 907-405, November 2006.
  5. Forest Stewardship Council (TN)

    Keywords: Forestry Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Ezequiel Reficco. "Forest Stewardship Council (TN)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 306-114, May 2006.
  6. Forest Stewardship Council

    In just a few years the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) made impressive progress toward its mission of promoting "environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests." By 2001, 25.5 million hectares of forests in 66 countries had been certified as meeting FSC's standards for sustainable forestry. With members in 59 countries, the FSC had managed to bring forestry's mainstream close to its viewpoint, with 80% of the industry recognizing the need for third-party certification. However, by mid-2002, the formula that had brought success to the organization as a small start-up was proving inadequate to sustain the healthy growth of a global, mature, multistakeholder organization. Its management and staff were finding themselves lacking critical skills to take the organization to the next level. Some of its governing structures were paralyzing it. Serious imbalances between supply and demand of certified wood were threatening to break the organization. Moreover, competing certification schemes backed by powerful business groups were moving swiftly to capitalize on those imbalances and displace FSC as the global standard of choice for certification. Finally, the organization also suffered from a chronic financial weakness. In that context, Heiko Liedeker, FSC's executive director, is compelled to rethink the organization.

    Keywords: Finance; Corporate Governance; Management; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Environmental Sustainability; Competitive Strategy;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Ezequiel Reficco. "Forest Stewardship Council." Harvard Business School Case 303-047, November 2002. (Revised May 2006.)
  7. Timberland: Commerce and Justice (TN)

    Keywords: Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Herman B. Leonard, and James Quinn. "Timberland: Commerce and Justice (TN)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 306-089, February 2006.
  8. Managing at Scale in the Long Beach Unified School District

    Keywords: Education; Management; City; California;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Allen S. Grossman, Robert B. Schwartz, and Jennifer Suesse. "Managing at Scale in the Long Beach Unified School District." Harvard Business School Publishing Case, 2006.
  9. Managing at Scale in the Long Beach Unified School District, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Education; Management; City; California;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Allen Grossman, and Jennifer Suesse. "Managing at Scale in the Long Beach Unified School District, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Publishing Teaching Note, 2006.
  10. Timberland and Community Involvement (Abridged Version)

    When Jeffrey Swartz became the third generation in his family to lead the Timberland Co., he made community involvement an integral part of the company's strategy. Under Swartz's leadership, Timberland formed a close partnership with City Year, the national corps of young adults engaged in community service events, established a community enterprise division to schedule community service events, and gave each employee 32 hours of annual paid leave to participate in service work. As a result of these initiatives, Swartz believed the idea of community service at Timberland had gone beyond traditional notions of philanthropy or cause-related marketing to become a central feature of the company and brand's identity. However, in 1995, the spectacular sales growth Timberland enjoyed during the first years of Jeffrey Swartz's tenure as COO leveled off. The company reported its first loss and initiated significant restructuring. The tough times prompted some observers to question Timberland's continued commitment to community service. An abridged version of a case.

    Keywords: Giving and Philanthropy; Business and Community Relations; Business and Stakeholder Relations; Corporate Strategy; Manufacturing Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and James Quinn. "Timberland and Community Involvement (Abridged Version)." Harvard Business School Case 304-086, January 2004. (Revised February 2005.)
  11. Timberland: Commerce and Justice

    When Jeffrey Swartz became the third generation in his family to lead the Timberland Co., he pursued a strategy in which commerce and justice were "inextricably linked." Community involvement, environmental management, and global labor standards became not addenda to the commercial strategy, but integral parts of it. Spanning more than 10 years of Swartz's innovative leadership, this case presents a well-developed, value-centric business in which management faces two emerging challenges: how to measure the impact of its social justice activities and how to export its values-based strategy abroad. Focuses on strategic management of a corporate social responsibility (CSR) program. The development of Timberland's innovative commerce and justice strategy sheds light on ways in which strategic alignment can provide energy, synergy, and resources critical to developing a successful CSR program within a for-profit company.

    Keywords: Business Model; For-Profit Firms; Innovation and Invention; Leadership Development; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Programs; Opportunities; Alignment; Business Strategy; Value;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Herman B. Leonard, and James Quinn. "Timberland: Commerce and Justice." Harvard Business School Case 305-002, July 2004. (Revised December 2004.)
  12. Peninsula Community Foundation

    After leading the Peninsula Community Foundation (PCF) through a period of tremendous growth, its president, Sterling Speirn, is facing the prospect of a decline in the foundation's asset base for the first time in the foundation's history. In addition, the fact that financial service companies had made recent inroads in the market for administering donor-advised funds in recent years, an area that had been a key source for growth for community foundations for the last few decades, compelled Speirn to evaluate PCF's positioning in the market and to consider potential collaboration opportunities with these companies.

    Keywords: Giving and Philanthropy; Product Positioning; Planning; Alliances; Opportunities; Nonprofit Organizations; Valuation; Financial Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Jane Wei-Skillern, and Alison Berkley Wagonfeld. "Peninsula Community Foundation." Harvard Business School Case 304-015, August 2003. (Revised December 2004.)
  13. Nestle Alimentana S.A. -- Infant Formula (Abridged) TN

    Teaching Note for (9-590-070).

    Keywords: Nutrition; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Nestle Alimentana S.A. -- Infant Formula (Abridged) TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 590-120, June 1990. (Revised June 2004.)
  14. Monsanto: Technology Cooperation and Small Holder Farmer Projects (TN)

    Teaching Note to (9-302-068).

    Keywords: Biotechnology Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Diana Barrett. "Monsanto: Technology Cooperation and Small Holder Farmer Projects (TN)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 304-108, May 2004.
  15. Starbucks and Conservation International

    Starbucks, the world's leading specialty coffee company, developed a strategic alliance with Conservation International, a major international environmental nonprofit organization. The purpose of the alliance was to promote coffee-growing practices of small farms that would protect endangered habitats. The collaboration emerged from the company's corporate social responsibility policies and its coffee procurement strategy. The initial project was in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas and resulted in the incorporation of shade-grown coffee into the Starbucks product line, providing an attractive alternative market for the farmer cooperatives at a time when coffee producers were in economic crisis due to plummeting world prices. Simultaneously, the company had to deal with growing pressures from nonprofit organizations in the Fair Trade movement, demanding higher prices for farmers. Starbucks was reviewing the future of its alliance with Conservation International and its new coffee procurement guidelines aimed at promoting environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable coffee production. The nature of the industry puts the case in the global context from both the supply and demand sides.

    Keywords: Financial Crisis; Growth and Development Strategy; Markets; Demand and Consumers; Production; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Cooperative Ownership; Performance Efficiency; Alliances; Nonprofit Organizations; Food and Beverage Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Cate Reavis. "Starbucks and Conservation International." Harvard Business School Case 303-055, October 2002. (Revised May 2004.)
  16. Peninsula Community Foundation (TN)

    Teaching Note to (9-304-015).

    Keywords: Financial Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Jane Wei-Skillern, and Alexis Lefort. "Peninsula Community Foundation (TN)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 304-103, April 2004.
  17. Starbucks and Conservation International

    Teaching Note to (9-303-055).

    Keywords: Food and Beverage Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Jane Wei-Skillern, and Alexis Lefort. "Starbucks and Conservation International." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 304-100, March 2004.
  18. FIRA: Confronting the Mexican Agricultural Crisis

    In fall 2003, Mexico's agriculture sector was facing a crisis brought on largely by a surge in cheap U.S. imports resulting from NAFTA and inaccessible and/or expensive terms of credit for Mexican agricultural producers. It was getting harder for Mexican producers to compete, and many were leaving farming for the city. Francisco Mere, director of FIRA, a second-tier development bank, was in the process of developing and implementing a new strategy that would more effectively and efficiently reinvigorate the Mexican agricultural system.

    Keywords: Development Economics; Public Sector; Trade; Financial Instruments; Crisis Management; Markets; Strategic Planning; Partners and Partnerships; Competitive Strategy; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Michael Chu, and Cate Reavis. "FIRA: Confronting the Mexican Agricultural Crisis." Harvard Business School Case 304-032, December 2003. (Revised March 2004.)
  19. Strategic Alliances: The Power of Partnering Between Nonprofits and Businesses

    Keywords: Nonprofit Organizations; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Partners and Partnerships;

    Citation:

    Austin, James. "Strategic Alliances: The Power of Partnering Between Nonprofits and Businesses." Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing Class Lecture, 2004. Electronic. (Faculty Lecture: HBSP Product Number 9-830-4C.)
  20. Harvard Business School Social Enterprise Initiative at the Ten-Year Mark, The

    In mid-2003, as the 10-year anniversary of Harvard Business School's Social Enterprise Initiative approached, the group's faculty and staff decided to analyze its past performance and to formulate its future strategy.

    Keywords: Decisions; Management Analysis, Tools, and Techniques; Performance Evaluation; Strategic Planning; Social Enterprise;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Stacey M. Childress, and Cate Reavis. "Harvard Business School Social Enterprise Initiative at the Ten-Year Mark, The." Harvard Business School Case 304-042, August 2003. (Revised October 2003.)
  21. International Trachoma Initiative

    In an effort to combat trachoma, a major eye disease, the Clark Foundation entered into a partnership with Pfizer Pharmaceuticals. After a successful pilot project, a joint initiative was established (the Trachoma initiative) that has as its goal to eradicate the disease by working with other partners in a range of countries.

    Keywords: For-Profit Firms; Joint Ventures; Globalization; Mission and Purpose; Organizational Culture; Alliances; Partners and Partnerships; Non-Governmental Organizations; Health Industry;

    Citation:

    Barrett, Diana, James E. Austin, and Sheila McCarthy. "International Trachoma Initiative." Harvard Business School Case 302-009, August 2001. (Revised April 2003.)
  22. Starbucks and Conservation International

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Starbucks and Conservation International." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 303-808, April 2003.
  23. KaBOOM!

    Teaching Note for (9-303-025).

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "KaBOOM!" Harvard Business School Teaching Note 303-105, February 2003.
  24. Harbus Foundation, The

    Describes the challenges faced by a group of HBS students as they create a foundation. Given surplus funds generated by the student-run newspaper, The Harbus leadership decides to find a meaningful use for the excess cash. Profiles both the entrepreneurial process used to establish the foundation and the challenges involved in deciding to whom to award grants. The group of protagonists face several decisions: 1) a controversial funding decision, 2) review and assessment of the foundation's strategy and process for grant solicitation and evaluation, and 3) the role of a student investment club in managing the foundation's portfolio.

    Keywords: Business Startups; Decision Choices and Conditions; Asset Management; Financial Institutions; Investment Portfolio; Management Analysis, Tools, and Techniques; Problems and Challenges; Social Enterprise; Valuation; Financial Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Linda Carrigan. "Harbus Foundation, The." Harvard Business School Case 399-031, August 1998. (Revised October 2002.)
  25. KaBOOM!

    KaBOOM! is a nonprofit organization developing playgrounds in partnership with corporations and communities. It has grown since 1995 to a national organization that has built 338 playgrounds in partnerships with over 40 companies. This case deals with the nature of strategic alliances with corporations and poses choices for shifting strategies. These include emphasizing advocacy and public education and enabling communities to build playgrounds themselves. Further complicating the strategy was growing competition from nonprofits and for-profits engaged in playground development.

    Keywords: Nonprofit Organizations; Alliances; Business Ventures; Strategy; Growth and Development;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Jose Miguel Porraz. "KaBOOM!" Harvard Business School Case 303-025, September 2002.
  26. Pura Vida Coffee

    Tells the story of two HBS graduates who sell gourmet coffee over the Internet to support an outreach ministry in Costa Rica.

    Keywords: Social Enterprise; Internet; Food and Beverage Industry; Costa Rica;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Allen S. Grossman. "Pura Vida Coffee." Harvard Business School Video Case 303-051, September 2002.
  27. Monsanto: Technology Cooperation and Small Holder Farmer Projects

    As the leading plant technology company in the global food system, how can Monsanto share this technology with small-sale producers and not-for-profit researchers and institutions?

    Keywords: Food; Globalized Markets and Industries; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Nonprofit Organizations; Society; Technology; Biotechnology Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Diana Barrett, and Stephanie Oestreich. "Monsanto: Technology Cooperation and Small Holder Farmer Projects." Harvard Business School Case 302-068, December 2001. (Revised June 2002.)
  28. AOL, Cisco, Yahoo!: Building the Internet Commons

    Since the spring of 2001, AOL, Cisco, and Yahoo! had collaborated on ways to improve the effectiveness of using the Internet to benefit society. Each company considered itself strongly committed to philanthropy, making significant charitable donations, and fostering a variety of active community outreach programs. Yet, executives at the three firms recognized the potentially larger impact that a joint effort could have on the greater public good. Overcoming a multitude of barriers to such intercompany cooperation, the firms decided to create Network for Good, a charity portal that individuals and nonprofit agencies in the e-philanthropy space could use to facilitate donations, volunteering, and citizen advocacy.

    Keywords: Internet; Web Sites; Giving and Philanthropy; Business and Community Relations; Information Technology Industry; Web Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "AOL, Cisco, Yahoo!: Building the Internet Commons." Harvard Business School Case 302-088, March 2002.
  29. Overview of the Nonprofit Sector

    Provides brief background information to aid in understanding the U.S. and international nonprofit sectors.

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Elaine V. Backman. "Overview of the Nonprofit Sector." Harvard Business School Background Note 399-027, August 1998. (Revised March 2002.)
  30. "Aaron Lieberman" School/Success.Net

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Aaron Lieberman" School/Success.Net. Harvard Business School Video Supplement 302-808, November 2001.
  31. SchoolSuccess.net

    The mission of the nonprofit Jumpstart for Young Children was to address the problem of school readiness of low-income family preschoolers. It had been growing significantly, and to achieve its projected expansion would require major increases in funding. After considerable debate, it decided to create a for-profit subsidiary: a Web-based company disseminating the educational materials used in the Jumpstart program. The effort entailed raising private venture capital and recruiting a new management team. After a year, management was assessing the start-up experience and deliberating on its future strategy.

    Keywords: Nonprofit Organizations; Early Childhood Education; Venture Capital; Growth and Development Strategy; Business Startups; Management Teams;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Arthur McCaffrey. "SchoolSuccess.net." Harvard Business School Case 302-008, October 2001.
  32. Charitableway

    In early 2001, Charitableway, an ePhilanthropy application service provider that enabled the collection of charitable donations online; faced major strategic decisions relating to its alliance with United Way of America to foster workplace giving online. One of the best capitalized dot-coms operating in the new ePhilanthropy sector and a pioneer in the workplace giving segment, it nonetheless, faced a series of challenges that threatened its success and even survival.

    Keywords: Online Technology; Giving and Philanthropy;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Elizabeth Kind. "Charitableway." Harvard Business School Case 302-003, September 2001.
  33. Timberland and Community Involvement TN

    Teaching Note for (9-796-156).

    Keywords: Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Timberland and Community Involvement TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 398-165, May 1998. (Revised August 2001.)
  34. Timberland and Community Involvement

    The Timberland Co., a manufacturer and retailer of footwear, outdoor apparel, and accessories, committed itself to instituting and communicating a core set of values to its employees, stockholders, and consumers. The system of beliefs emphasized community service. Central to this commitment was an alliance with the national youth community service organization City Year. Over the years, Timberland and City Year developed a close alliance that both sides contended constituted "a new paradigm" for the interaction between a for-profit business and a nonprofit organization. This case discusses Timberland's commitments to beliefs and service in light of disappointing financial results for the company and subsequent layoffs during the 1995 fiscal year. Introduces the idea of a corporate strategy for community involvement, allowing the instructor to raise questions about the choice of activities and partners, the breadth of projects and the source of motivation for such a strategy. Also allows discussion of the role of beliefs and of community service in the context of a company that has pioneered a distinct approach to these concepts.

    Keywords: Ethics; Values and Beliefs; Business and Community Relations; Social Enterprise; Corporate Strategy; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Jaan Elias. "Timberland and Community Involvement." Harvard Business School Case 796-156, May 1996. (Revised August 2001.)
  35. Local Initiatives Support Corporation

    Local Initiatives Support Corp. (LISC) is a $74 million nonprofit social enterprise that combats poverty by helping community development organizations build affordable housing and create economic development opportunities through public-private partnerships. Poses a dilemma for the CEO: whether to grow geographically or programmatically. Presents the history of the organization and the many challenges facing urban and rural community groups, such as how to improve educational opportunities for their citizens. Also describes how LISC funds its operations, including the syndication of low-income housing tax credits, foundations, and private partnerships.

    Keywords: Business Model; Development Economics; Education; Capital; Investment Funds; Taxation; Growth and Development; Partners and Partnerships; Nonprofit Organizations; Segmentation; Service Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Kim Slack. "Local Initiatives Support Corporation." Harvard Business School Case 301-124, January 2001. (Revised June 2001.)
  36. Cantuga Farmworkers Clinic (A)

    The board of directors of a rural health clinic fires its executive director. The case elaborates the evolution and progress of the clinic under this director during a period of growth and a changing health care environment. Factors contributing to and questioning the firing decision are described.

    Keywords: Health Care and Treatment; Resignation and Termination; Managerial Roles; Organizational Change and Adaptation; Performance Evaluation; Problems and Challenges; Rank and Position; Social Enterprise; Health Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Catherine Overholt. "Cantuga Farmworkers Clinic (A)." Harvard Business School Case 797-041, October 1996. (Revised May 2001.)
  37. Corposol (Abridged Version)

    The social enterprise Corposol has become the largest lender to microentrepreneurs in Colombia. Its rapid growth and diversification into other services and geographical areas has created organizational and resource strains.

    Keywords: Social Enterprise; Growth Management; Diversification; Microfinance; Financial Services Industry; Colombia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Corposol (Abridged Version)." Harvard Business School Case 398-123, March 1998. (Revised April 2001.)
  38. Merck Global Health Initiatives (A)

    The case series focuses on Merck's drug donation program and then raises new issues facing management about what to do about HIV/AIDS in Africa given the company's development of a new therapy. Describes collaboration among many parties including the Gates Foundation, other pharmaceutical companies, and the government of Botswana.

    Keywords: Programs; Giving and Philanthropy; Health Disorders; Health Care and Treatment; Private Sector; Public Sector; Alliances; Problems and Challenges; Pharmaceutical Industry; Botswana;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Diana Barrett, and James Weber. "Merck Global Health Initiatives (A)." Harvard Business School Case 301-088, January 2001.
  39. Merck Global Health Initiatives (B): Botswana

    The case series focuses on Merck's drug donation program and then raises new issues facing management about what to do about HIV/AIDS in Africa given the company's development of a new therapy. Describes collaboration among many parties including the Gates Foundation, other pharmaceutical companies, and the government of Botswana.

    Keywords: Health Disorders; Health Care and Treatment; Private Sector; Public Sector; Alliances; Problems and Challenges; Africa; Botswana;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Diana Barrett, and James Weber. "Merck Global Health Initiatives (B): Botswana." Harvard Business School Case 301-089, January 2001.
  40. Women's World Banking: Catalytic Change Through Networks

    Describes the evolution of Women's World Banking, an international microfinance nonprofit promoting financial access for poor women. Explores the organization's development of different types of networks to achieve its mission.

    Keywords: Mission and Purpose; History; Networks; Microfinance; Nonprofit Organizations; Gender Characteristics; Growth and Development Strategy;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Susan Hamerling. "Women's World Banking: Catalytic Change Through Networks." Harvard Business School Case 300-050, October 1999. (Revised October 2000.)
  41. Mexican Foundation For Rural Development

    Teaching Note for (9-300-082).

    Keywords: Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Mexican Foundation For Rural Development." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 300-104, January 2000.
  42. Mexican Foundation for Rural Development

    The Mexican Foundation for Rural Development (MFRD) is a nonprofit network of 32 rural development centers servicing low-income farm families. Management plans to expand its operation dramatically, forming 10,000 rural cooperatives in ten years. It faces major issues related to implementing this strategy.

    Keywords: Growth and Development Strategy; Operations; Cooperative Ownership; Nonprofit Organizations; Society; Strategy; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Gerardo Lozano. "Mexican Foundation for Rural Development." Harvard Business School Case 300-082, November 1999. (Revised January 2000.)
  43. Explore, Inc.

    Documents the creation of a national before and after-school day care program aimed at bridging the gap between school and parents' work schedules. This high-growth, for-profit social enterprise organization operated in what was historically the domain of nonprofit or government sectors. Tensions emerge 1) pressure to grow and the need to maintain quality, 2) pursuit of a noble mission and a desire to create personal wealth, 3) creation of a national organization and a local program delivery capability, and 4) meeting investor expectations while maintaining the purity of the programs.

    Keywords: Microeconomics; Growth and Development; Order Taking and Fulfillment; Mission and Purpose; Performance Expectations; Quality; Social Enterprise; Travel Industry;

    Citation:

    Grossman, Allen S., James E. Austin, Myra M. Hart, and Sharon Peyus. "Explore, Inc." Harvard Business School Case 300-011, September 1999. (Revised November 1999.)
  44. GLSTN 1996

    The Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Teachers Network (GLSTN), which aims to create respect for all within schools regardless of sexual orientation, faces significant challenges stemming from its rapid growth into a 30-chapter national organization. Issues include headquarters-chapter relations, financial sustainability, leadership, and governance.

    Keywords: Organizational Culture; Problems and Challenges; Leadership; Networks; Policy; Change Management; Nonprofit Organizations; Leadership Development; Growth Management; Organizational Change and Adaptation; Education Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Willis M. Emmons III, and David Maue. "GLSTN 1996." Harvard Business School Case 797-038, September 1996. (Revised November 1999.)
  45. IPODERAC

    This 32-year-old nonprofit organization has dedicated itself to the care and social development of abandoned street children in Mexico. Examines the organization's efforts to achieve financial sustainability, particularly through earned income activities on its farm. Includes color exhibits.

    Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship; Finance; Management; Organizations; Problems and Challenges; Nonprofit Organizations; Balance and Stability; Service Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Wendy Bermudez, and Gustavo Escobar. "IPODERAC." Harvard Business School Case 399-016, July 1998. (Revised October 1999.)
  46. Harbus Foundation, The TN

    Teaching Note for (9-399-031).

    Keywords: Financial Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Harbus Foundation, The TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 399-144, March 1999.
  47. Community Wealth Ventures, Inc. TN

    Teaching Note for (9-399-023).

    Keywords: Consulting Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Community Wealth Ventures, Inc. TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 399-133, March 1999.
  48. IPODERAC TN

    Teaching Note for (9-399-016).

    Keywords: Service Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "IPODERAC TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 399-141, March 1999.
  49. Newman's Own, Inc. TN

    Teaching Note for (9-399-052).

    Keywords: Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Newman's Own, Inc. TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 399-142, March 1999.
  50. NAACP, The TN

    Teaching Note for (9-398-039).

    Keywords: United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "NAACP, The TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 399-143, March 1999.
  51. Newman's Own, Inc.

    Describes the creation and evolution of this food marketing corporation. All its after-tax profits are donated to charity by Paul Newman, the distinguished actor and social entrepreneur. The company has grown into a $100 million enterprise and donated cumulatively $89 million to charities. It faces major competitive and organizational challenges. Includes color exhibits.

    Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship; Food; Organizations; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Problems and Challenges; Competitive Advantage; Food and Beverage Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Newman's Own, Inc." Harvard Business School Case 399-052, October 1998. (Revised November 1998.)
  52. Community Wealth Ventures, Inc.

    Share Our Strength, a successful anti-hunger nonprofit organization, created a for-profit subsidiary--Community Wealth Ventures (CWV)--to provide advisory services to companies and nonprofits on collaboration. Management is reviewing CWV's start-up experience.

    Keywords: Business Subsidiaries; For-Profit Firms; Governing and Advisory Boards; Management Analysis, Tools, and Techniques; Partners and Partnerships; Nonprofit Organizations; Consulting Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Meredith D. Pearson. "Community Wealth Ventures, Inc." Harvard Business School Case 399-023, July 1998. (Revised August 1998.)
  53. Cleveland Tomorrow, Video

    As part of Cleveland's turnaround, Cleveland Tomorrow creates new investment funds to stimulate new business development. This development is designed to earn a profit and bring new benefits to the community. Part of the HBS Social Enterprise Video Series on Business Leadership in the Social Sector (BLSS).

    Keywords: Investment Funds; Leadership; Growth and Development Strategy; Business and Community Relations; Social Enterprise;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Rosabeth M. Kanter. "Cleveland Tomorrow, Video." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 399-507, August 1998.
  54. New York City Investment Fund, Video

    Keywords: Investment Funds; New York (city, NY);

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Rosabeth M. Kanter. "New York City Investment Fund, Video." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 399-508, August 1998.
  55. Oxfam America TN

    Teaching Note for (9-798-036).

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Oxfam America TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 398-167, June 1998.
  56. Cleveland Turnaround (B), The: Building on Progress (1989-1996)

    Traces the Cleveland community's efforts to move the city from economic, social, and political crisis in the late 1970s into revitalization and progress in the 1980s and 1990s. Special attention is given to the role of business leaders and the public-private partnership. This case covers the 1989-96 period and initiatives in housing, education, and physical development.

    Keywords: Leading Change; Economic Growth; Business and Community Relations; Financial Crisis; Cleveland;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Andrea L Strimling. "Cleveland Turnaround (B), The: Building on Progress (1989-1996)." Harvard Business School Case 796-152, April 1996. (Revised April 1998.)
  57. Finansol

    Finansol, created to provide loans to micro-entrepreneurs, encountered considerable difficulties after rapidly growing to become the biggest micro-enterprise lender in Colombia. Major restructuring was required to rescue it.

    Keywords: Restructuring; Microfinance; Crisis Management; Problems and Challenges; Social Enterprise; Financial Services Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Roberto Gutierrez, Marc Labie, and Enrique Ogliastri. "Finansol." Harvard Business School Case 398-071, November 1997. (Revised February 1998.)
  58. Finansol: Financiera para Microempresas (Spanish Version)

    Keywords: Financing and Loans; Microfinance;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Roberto Gutierrez, Marc Labie, and Enrique Ogliastri. "Finansol: Financiera para Microempresas (Spanish Version)." Harvard Business School Case 398-073, November 1997. (Revised February 1998.)
  59. Oxfam America

    Oxfam America, a nongovernmental organization providing grant assistance to organizations fighting hunger, poverty, and their causes, was engaged in a new strategy formulation process, led by its new president.

    Keywords: Change; Situation or Environment; Non-Governmental Organizations; Strategy;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and James Kondo. "Oxfam America." Harvard Business School Case 798-036, October 1997. (Revised January 1998.)
  60. Cantuga Farmworkers Clinic (B)

    Supplements the (A) case.

    Keywords: Health Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Catherine Overholt. "Cantuga Farmworkers Clinic (B)." Harvard Business School Case 797-042, October 1996. (Revised November 1997.)
  61. Cleveland Turnaround, The: Case and Video TN

    Teaching Note for (9-796-151), (9-796-152), (9-796-153), (9-796-154), and (9-797-501).

    Keywords: Social Enterprise; Government Administration; Business and Community Relations; Business and Government Relations; Crisis Management; Corporate Accountability; Economic Sectors; Problems and Challenges; Opportunities; Development Economics; Leadership; Partners and Partnerships;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Cleveland Turnaround, The: Case and Video TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 798-029, September 1997. (Revised November 1997.)
  62. NAACP, The

    In February 1995, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the largest civil rights organization in the United States, was in the midst of a crisis. The executive director had been fired due to financial improprieties amid charges of sexual harassment. Immediately thereafter the board chairman came under fire as well. In a very close vote, Myrlie Evers-Williams, a long-standing board member, was elected the new board chair. She found herself leading an organization with severely diminished credibility and support, precarious finances, and a fractured board of directors. The case raises issues regarding board oversight, governance structure, and crisis leadership in a nonprofit setting.

    Keywords: Crime and Corruption; Capital; Governance Controls; Resignation and Termination; Selection and Staffing; Rights; Leadership; Management; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Paul Barese, Stephanie L. Woerner, and Elaine V. Backman. "NAACP, The ." Harvard Business School Case 398-039, October 1997. (Revised November 1997.)
  63. Corposol

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Enrique Ogliastri. "Corposol." Harvard Business School Case 796-142, April 1996. (Revised November 1997.)
  64. MAVESA

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "MAVESA." Harvard Business School Case 391-164, April 1991. (Revised February 1997.)
  65. Cleveland Turnaround: Leadership in Action

    Consists of three separate parts. Part 1, The Cleveland Turnaround, describes Cleveland's decline until its bankruptcy in 1978. This is followed by the remedial actions taken by community leaders, starting with the election of a new mayor, the formation of new community organizations such as Cleveland Tomorrow, a grouping of CEOs focusing on the economic revitalization of the community, and the Cleveland Roundtable, a grouping aimed at achieving greater racial harmony. The community's actions in the areas of economic development, downtown development, and inner-city housing and commercial development are described. Leaders talk about the central role played in the turnaround by their "public-private partnership." Part 2, Challenges for the Future, provides short comments by a cross-section of leaders about what they perceive to be significant challenges still facing the city as it moves into the 21st century. Part 3, Lessons on Leadership and Community Building, consists of a collection of remarks by a variety of public and private leaders about the lessons of the Cleveland turnaround.

    Keywords: Leading Change; Business Cycles; Development Economics; Urban Development; Social Issues; Business and Community Relations; Cleveland;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Jaan Elias, and Andrea L Strimling. "Cleveland Turnaround: Leadership in Action." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 797-501, December 1996.
  66. Cleveland Turnaround (A, The: Responding to the Crisis (1978-1988)

    Traces the Cleveland community's efforts to move the city from economic, social, and political crisis in the late 1970s into revitalization and progress in the 1980s and 1990s. Special attention is given to the role of business leaders and the public-private partnership. This case covers the 1978-88 period of responding to the crisis and focuses particularly on the formation of Cleveland Tomorrow, a CEO-only group focused on community development.

    Keywords: Transition; Business Cycles; Business and Community Relations; Financial Crisis; Cleveland;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Andrea L Strimling. "Cleveland Turnaround (A, The: Responding to the Crisis (1978-1988)." Harvard Business School Case 796-151, April 1996. (Revised November 1996.)
  67. Supermarkets in Inner Cities

    Excerpts from five articles that present the challenges and opportunities inherent in opening and operating supermarkets in inner-city neighborhoods.

    Keywords: Urban Scope; Market Entry and Exit; Alliances; Business and Government Relations; Problems and Challenges; Development Economics; Business and Community Relations; Business Ventures; Strategic Planning; Cooperation;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Jaan Elias. "Supermarkets in Inner Cities." Harvard Business School Case 796-145, March 1996. (Revised November 1996.)
  68. Cantuga Farmworkers Clinic (C)

    Supplements the (A) case.

    Keywords: Health Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Catherine Overholt. "Cantuga Farmworkers Clinic (C)." Harvard Business School Case 797-043, October 1996.
  69. Cleveland Turnaround (C), The: Facts and Figures

    Traces the Cleveland community's efforts to move the city from economic, social, and political crisis in the late 1970s into revitalization and progress in the 1980s and 1990s. Special attention is given to the role of business leaders and the public-private partnership. This note provides faces and figures for the 1970-95 period to supplement the analysis.

    Keywords: Leading Change; Data and Data Sets; Economic Growth; Business and Community Relations; Cleveland;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Jaan Elias. "Cleveland Turnaround (C), The: Facts and Figures." Harvard Business School Background Note 796-153, April 1996. (Revised June 1996.)
  70. Cleveland Turnaround (D), The: Challenges for the Future

    Traces the Cleveland community's efforts to move the city from economic, social, and political crisis in the late 1970s into revitalization and progress in the 1980s and 1990s. Special attention is given to the role of business leaders and the public-private partnership. This case delineates challenges facing the community as it moves into the 21st Century.

    Keywords: Leading Change; Economic Growth; Business and Community Relations; Planning; Cleveland;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Jaan Elias. "Cleveland Turnaround (D), The: Challenges for the Future." Harvard Business School Case 796-154, April 1996. (Revised June 1996.)
  71. San Miguel Corporation: Facing the 1990s

    Keywords: Business Conglomerates; Corporate Strategy;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Francisco Roman. "San Miguel Corporation: Facing the 1990s." Harvard Business School Case 793-129, April 1993. (Revised November 1995.)
  72. Bribery and Extortion in International Business TN

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Bribery and Extortion in International Business TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 395-009, September 1994.
  73. Nicaragua: Political Background

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Nicaragua: Political Background." Harvard Business School Background Note 391-100, October 1990. (Revised June 1994.)
  74. Grappling with Garbage: The Bandung Municipal Cleansing Enterprise, P.D. Kerbersihan

    Keywords: Wastes and Waste Processing; Business and Government Relations; Developing Countries and Economies; Environmental Sustainability; Indonesia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Grappling with Garbage: The Bandung Municipal Cleansing Enterprise, P.D. Kerbersihan." Harvard Business School Case 392-124, April 1992. (Revised June 1994.)
  75. KIMBACO Ltd.

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "KIMBACO Ltd." Harvard Business School Case 794-124, April 1994. (Revised May 1994.)
  76. Standard Fruit Co. in Nicaragua (A) (Abridged)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Developing Countries and Economies; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Food and Beverage Industry; Nicaragua;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Standard Fruit Co. in Nicaragua (A) (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-105, April 1990. (Revised February 1994.)
  77. Grupo Entreposto

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Grupo Entreposto." Harvard Business School Case 792-057, January 1992. (Revised February 1994.)
  78. East Africa Industries Limited

    Keywords: Africa;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Michael Grossman. "East Africa Industries Limited." Harvard Business School Case 793-121, February 1993. (Revised November 1993.)
  79. NIKE in China (Abridged)

    Nike is reviewing its strategy for producing shoes in China for the U.S. market. Compares the experience in China with that in other countries.

    Keywords: Strategy; Production; Manufacturing Industry; Consumer Products Industry; China; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "NIKE in China (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-092, April 1990. (Revised August 1993.)
  80. Leather Industry in India (Abridged)

    Keywords: Manufacturing Industry; India;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Leather Industry in India (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-107, April 1990. (Revised August 1993.)
  81. Clipper Ventures, Inc.

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Clipper Ventures, Inc." Harvard Business School Case 392-111, April 1992. (Revised August 1993.)
  82. Where Did All the Elephants Go?

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Where Did All the Elephants Go?" Harvard Business School Case 793-131, April 1993. (Revised July 1993.)
  83. Lada do Brasil

    In an effort to capitalize on the entrepreneurial opportunity presented by the Brazilian government's trade liberalization, a Panamanian automobile trading company launched a business of importing the Russian made Lada cars into Brazil. The company confronts a complex political and economic environment and strong competition from the existing automobile producers. Presents the business challenges and opportunities accompanying trade liberalization. Reveals the competitive dynamics in environments undergoing economic transformation.

    Keywords: Business Startups; Transformation; Economics; Corporate Entrepreneurship; Capital; Policy; Competition; Auto Industry; Brazil;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Helen Shapiro. "Lada do Brasil." Harvard Business School Case 392-122, March 1992. (Revised June 1993.)
  84. Teaching Notes: Communicating the Teacher's Wisdom

    Provides guidance for the preparation of teaching notes. Sets forth the rationale for teaching notes, what they should contain and why, and how they can be prepared. Based on the experiences of Harvard Business School faculty.

    Keywords: Business Education; Teaching;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Teaching Notes: Communicating the Teacher's Wisdom." Harvard Business School Background Note 793-105, February 1993.
  85. Enterprise Development, Inc. (A) (Abridged)

    Keywords: Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Enterprise Development, Inc. (A) (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-102, April 1990. (Revised December 1992.)
  86. Cut Flower Industry in Colombia (Abridged)

    The Colombian Cut Flower Exporting Association faces several problems concerning local government regulations and import restrictions from the U.S. government. The Colombian Export Promotion Agency also faces decisions as to its policy stance toward the industry.

    Keywords: Trade; Governing Rules, Regulations, and Reforms; Policy; Business or Company Management; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Colombia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Cut Flower Industry in Colombia (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-109, April 1990. (Revised December 1992.)
  87. Daidong Mould & Injection Co. (Abridged)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Daidong Mould & Injection Co. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-110, April 1990. (Revised December 1992.)
  88. Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (Abridged)

    Keywords: Aerospace Industry; Brazil;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-128, April 1990. (Revised December 1992.)
  89. Hitchiner Manufacturing Co., Inc. (Abridged)

    Keywords: Manufacturing Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Hitchiner Manufacturing Co., Inc. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-101, April 1990. (Revised December 1992.)
  90. Packages Ltd. (Abridged)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Packages Ltd. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-095, April 1990. (Revised November 1992.)
  91. Sabritas (Abridged)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Sabritas (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-108, April 1990. (Revised November 1992.)
  92. Turrialba Mining Co. (A) (Abridged)

    Keywords: Mining Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Turrialba Mining Co. (A) (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-099, April 1990. (Revised November 1992.)
  93. Population Services International: The Social Marketing Project in Bangladesh (Abridged)

    Population Services International (PSI) was a not-for-profit agency founded to disseminate family planning information and to market birth control products, primarily in less developed countries seeking to curb their population explosions. In 1976, PSI concluded an agreement with the government of Bangladesh to conduct a social marketing program, with the objective of using modern marketing techniques to sell subsidized contraceptives through commercial outlets. Seven years later, three PSI managers were meeting at PSI's Washington, D.C. headquarters to discuss 1984-86 marketing strategy for two products: Raja condoms and Maya birth control pills. Of particular concern was the fact that the marketing approach that had proven extremely successful for Raja was yielding poor sales results for Maya. The PSI managers needed to devise an action plan for improving Maya sales.

    Keywords: Conferences; Developing Countries and Economies; Information Publishing; Growth and Development Strategy; Marketing Strategy; Social Marketing; Agreements and Arrangements; Product; Nonprofit Organizations; Pharmaceutical Industry; Bangladesh; Washington (state, US);

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Population Services International: The Social Marketing Project in Bangladesh (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 590-061, April 1990. (Revised November 1992.)
  94. House of Tata

    Keywords: Business Conglomerates; India;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Ashish Nanda. "House of Tata." Harvard Business School Case 792-065, February 1992. (Revised August 1992.)
  95. Muszertechnika Rt.: Hungarian Telecommunications

    Keywords: Telecommunications Industry; Hungary;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Muszertechnika Rt.: Hungarian Telecommunications." Harvard Business School Case 393-028, August 1992.
  96. South Africa: Whither Black Enterprise?

    Keywords: South Africa;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "South Africa: Whither Black Enterprise?" Harvard Business School Case 391-194, April 1991. (Revised July 1991.)
  97. John Deere, S.A. (Mexico) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "John Deere, S.A. (Mexico) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 590-117, June 1991.
  98. Women's World Banking

    Keywords: Gender Characteristics; Banks and Banking; Banking Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Women's World Banking." Harvard Business School Case 391-163, February 1991. (Revised March 1991.)
  99. Thai Farmers Bank (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Banking Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Thai Farmers Bank (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 190-201, June 1990. (Revised February 1991.)
  100. Hunger in the Sudan, Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Hunger in the Sudan, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 391-087, October 1990.
  101. International Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Pharmaceutical Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "International Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 290-060, June 1990.
  102. Countertrade and Merban Corp. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Countertrade and Merban Corp. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-194, June 1990.
  103. Sabritas (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Sabritas (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-202, June 1990.
  104. Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-205, June 1990.
  105. Ashamu Holdings Ltd. (B) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Mining Industry; Nigeria;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Ashamu Holdings Ltd. (B) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 590-119, June 1990.
  106. Evans Food Corp. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Evans Food Corp. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 690-036, June 1990.
  107. Standard Fruit Co. in Nicaragua (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Standard Fruit Co. in Nicaragua (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-199, June 1990.
  108. Pandol Brothers, Inc. and Nicaragua (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Pandol Brothers, Inc. and Nicaragua (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-200, June 1990.
  109. Leather Industry in India (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Leather Industry in India (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-201, June 1990.
  110. Cut Flower Industry in Colombia (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-390-109).

    Keywords: Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Colombia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Cut Flower Industry in Colombia (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-203, June 1990.
  111. Daidong Mould & Injection Co. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Daidong Mould & Injection Co. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-204, June 1990.
  112. Colgate-Palmolive in Mexico (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-390-096).

    Keywords: Management; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Colgate-Palmolive in Mexico (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-190, June 1990.
  113. Compania Telefonica Mexicana S.A. (CTM) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Compania Telefonica Mexicana S.A. (CTM) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-191, June 1990.
  114. Citibank in Zaire (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Banks and Banking; Banking Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Citibank in Zaire (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-192, June 1990.
  115. Population Services International: The Social Marketing Project in Bangladesh (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Demographics; Social Marketing; Bangladesh;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Population Services International: The Social Marketing Project in Bangladesh (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 590-118, June 1990.
  116. Rio Bravo Electricos, General Motors Corp. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Rio Bravo Electricos, General Motors Corp. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 690-082, June 1990.
  117. Mexico and the Microcomputers (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Mexico and the Microcomputers (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-187, June 1990.
  118. Dow Indonesia (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Dow Indonesia (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-188, June 1990.
  119. Packages Ltd. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Packages Ltd. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-189, June 1990.
  120. State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-198, June 1990.
  121. NIKE in China (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-390-092).

    Keywords: Manufacturing Industry; China; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "NIKE in China (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-186, June 1990.
  122. Hitchiner Manufacturing Co., Inc. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Manufacturing Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Hitchiner Manufacturing Co., Inc. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-195, June 1990.
  123. Enterprise Development, Inc. (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Enterprise Development, Inc. (A) (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-196, June 1990.
  124. Industrias del Maiz S.A. (Abridged), Teaching Note

    Keywords: Plant-Based Agribusiness;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Tomas Otto Kohn. "Industrias del Maiz S.A. (Abridged), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-197, June 1990.
  125. Hunger in the Sudan

    Keywords: Poverty; Sudan;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Hunger in the Sudan." Harvard Business School Case 389-202, April 1989. (Revised April 1990.)
  126. International Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Abridged)

    Keywords: Pharmaceutical Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "International Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 290-015, April 1990.
  127. State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (A) (Abridged)

    Keywords: Forest Products Industry; Forestry Industry; Sri Lanka;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (A) (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-104, April 1990.
  128. Industrias del Maiz S.A. (Abridged)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Industrias del Maiz S.A. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-103, April 1990.
  129. Pandol Brothers, Inc. and Nicaragua (Abridged)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Nicaragua;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Pandol Brothers, Inc. and Nicaragua (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-106, April 1990.
  130. Mexico and the Microcomputers (A) (Abridged)

    Keywords: Information Technology; Computer Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Mexico and the Microcomputers (A) (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-093, April 1990.
  131. Countertrade and Merban Corp. (Abridged)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Countertrade and Merban Corp. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-153, April 1990.
  132. Dow Indonesia (A) (Abridged)

    Keywords: Chemical Industry; Indonesia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Dow Indonesia (A) (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-094, April 1990.
  133. Nestle Alimentana S.A. -- Infant Formula (Abridged)

    The new vice president of infant and dietetic products of Nestle Alimentana S.A. has to make recommendations on the company's marketing programs for its infant formulas in developing countries. The U.S. subsidiary is currently the target of a consumer boycott because of the company's current and historical marketing programs. Introduces the question of using Western marketing techniques in the Third World, the problems of distributor control, and potential product misuse because of consumer poverty and ignorance. Provides a summary of the industry's evolution and a chronology of the controversy. Recommended: "Family Planning, Infant Mortality and Malnutrition," by E. Haubold, Swiss Review of World Affairs, March 1979.

    Keywords: Product Marketing; Emerging Markets; Developing Countries and Economies; Distribution Channels; Marketing Strategy; Cross-Cultural and Cross-Border Issues; Food; Business Subsidiaries; Food and Beverage Industry; United States; Switzerland;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Nestle Alimentana S.A. -- Infant Formula (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 590-070, April 1990.
  134. Dow Indonesia (B2)

    Keywords: Chemical Industry; Indonesia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Dennis J. Encarnation III, and Louis T. Wells Jr. "Dow Indonesia (B2)." Harvard Business School Case 386-033, July 1985. (Revised January 1990.)
  135. Rio Bravo Electricos, General Motors Corp. (Abridged)

    Keywords: Auto Industry; Electronics Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Rio Bravo Electricos, General Motors Corp. (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 690-041, January 1990.
  136. Citibank in Zaire (Abridged)

    Keywords: Banks and Banking; International Finance; Banking Industry; Congo, Democratic Republic of the;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Citibank in Zaire (Abridged)." Harvard Business School Case 390-098, January 1990.
  137. Country Analysis Framework

    Presents basic framework for country analysis as used in Business, Government, and the International Economy course.

    Keywords: Framework; Government and Politics; Globalization;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Country Analysis Framework." Harvard Business School Background Note 389-080, December 1988. (Revised December 1989.)
  138. World Food System Graphics

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "World Food System Graphics." Harvard Business School Background Note 389-203, April 1989.
  139. NIKE in China

    Nike is reviewing its strategy for producing shoes in China for the U.S. market. Compares the experience in China with that in other countries.

    Keywords: Strategy; Production; Manufacturing Industry; China; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Francis Aguilar. "NIKE in China." Harvard Business School Case 386-065, September 1985. (Revised October 1988.)
  140. Note on World Food System

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Note on World Food System." Harvard Business School Background Note 388-136, April 1988.
  141. State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (A)

    Keywords: Forest Products Industry; Forestry Industry; Sri Lanka;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (A)." Harvard Business School Case 382-018, August 1981. (Revised March 1987.)
  142. CONASUPO Mexico

    Keywords: Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "CONASUPO Mexico." Harvard Business School Case 375-357, April 1975. (Revised October 1986.)
  143. Sabritas S.A. de C.V.

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Sabritas S.A. de C.V." Harvard Business School Case 381-096, January 1981. (Revised October 1986.)
  144. Enterprise Development, Inc. (A)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Enterprise Development, Inc. (A)." Harvard Business School Case 381-152, March 1981. (Revised October 1986.)
  145. Thing the Professor Forgot (A)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Thing the Professor Forgot (A)." Harvard Business School Case 577-119, February 1977. (Revised September 1986.)
  146. Thing the Professor Forgot (B)

    Keywords: Higher Education;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Thing the Professor Forgot (B)." Harvard Business School Case 577-120, February 1977. (Revised September 1986.)
  147. Dow Indonesia (A), Software Case

    Keywords: Chemical Industry; Indonesia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Louis T. Wells Jr. "Dow Indonesia (A), Software Case." Harvard Business School Case 386-142, August 1986.
  148. Nicaragua and the U.S. Trade Embargo

    Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Trade; Policy; International Relations; Nicaragua; United States;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Nicaragua and the U.S. Trade Embargo." Harvard Business School Case 387-027, July 1986.
  149. Mexico and the Microcomputers (A)

    Keywords: Computer Industry; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Dennis J. Encarnation III. "Mexico and the Microcomputers (A)." Harvard Business School Case 386-182, April 1986. (Revised June 1986.)
  150. Mexico and the Microcomputers (B)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Dennis J. Encarnation III. "Mexico and the Microcomputers (B)." Harvard Business School Supplement 386-183, April 1986. (Revised June 1986.)
  151. Mexico and the Microcomputers (C)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., and Dennis J. Encarnation III. "Mexico and the Microcomputers (C)." Harvard Business School Supplement 386-184, April 1986. (Revised June 1986.)
  152. Mexico: Development Strategies and Performance

    Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Growth and Development Strategy; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Mexico: Development Strategies and Performance." Harvard Business School Case 379-173, April 1979. (Revised April 1986.)
  153. Standard Fruit Co. in Nicaragua (B)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Developing Countries and Economies; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Food and Beverage Industry; Nicaragua;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Standard Fruit Co. in Nicaragua (B)." Harvard Business School Case 382-149, April 1982. (Revised March 1986.)
  154. Leather Industry in India

    Keywords: Consumer Products Industry; India;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Leather Industry in India." Harvard Business School Case 384-157, November 1983. (Revised March 1986.)
  155. Dow Indonesia (B1)

    Keywords: Chemical Industry; Indonesia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Dennis J. Encarnation III, and Louis T. Wells Jr. "Dow Indonesia (B1)." Harvard Business School Case 386-032, July 1985. (Revised February 1986.)
  156. Dow Indonesia (A)

    Keywords: Chemical Industry; Indonesia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., Dennis J. Encarnation III, and Louis T. Wells Jr. "Dow Indonesia (A)." Harvard Business School Case 386-031, July 1985. (Revised February 1986.)
  157. Unicap Ltd. (B)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Unicap Ltd. (B)." Harvard Business School Case 379-160, March 1979. (Revised January 1986.)
  158. Cummins Engine Co. in India

    Keywords: Manufacturing Industry; India;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Cummins Engine Co. in India." Harvard Business School Case 379-072, December 1978. (Revised December 1985.)
  159. Citibank in Zaire

    Keywords: Banks and Banking; International Finance; Banking Industry; Congo, Democratic Republic of the;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Citibank in Zaire." Harvard Business School Case 379-077, December 1978. (Revised December 1985.)
  160. Economic Cost-Benefit Analysis

    Keywords: Cost vs Benefits;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Economic Cost-Benefit Analysis." Harvard Business School Background Note 379-073, December 1978. (Revised November 1985.)
  161. Unicap Ltd. (A)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Unicap Ltd. (A)." Harvard Business School Case 379-076, December 1978. (Revised January 1985.)
  162. Management Issues in State-Owned Enterprises

    Keywords: Business Ventures; State Ownership; Management;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Management Issues in State-Owned Enterprises." Harvard Business School Background Note 383-103, December 1982. (Revised April 1983.)
  163. Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER)

    Keywords: Aerospace Industry;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER)." Harvard Business School Case 383-090, November 1982.
  164. Cut Flower Industry in Colombia

    Keywords: Colombia;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Cut Flower Industry in Colombia." Harvard Business School Case 379-071, December 1978. (Revised September 1982.)
  165. Enterprise Development, Inc. (B)

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Enterprise Development, Inc. (B)." Harvard Business School Case 382-135, April 1982.
  166. People's Republic of China: Development Strategies and Performance

    Keywords: Development Economics; Growth and Development Strategy; Business and Government Relations; China;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "People's Republic of China: Development Strategies and Performance." Harvard Business School Case 381-111, January 1981. (Revised February 1982.)
  167. Mexican Rural Development: SAM and PIDER

    Keywords: Development Economics; Food; Rural Scope; Mexico;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Mexican Rural Development: SAM and PIDER." Harvard Business School Case 581-139, April 1981.
  168. State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (B)

    Keywords: Forest Products Industry; Forestry Industry; Sri Lanka;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "State Timber Corp. of Sri Lanka (B)." Harvard Business School Case 382-019, March 1981.
  169. CONASUPO--1976

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "CONASUPO--1976." Harvard Business School Case 378-243, April 1978. (Revised May 1979.)
  170. Food Marketing: What Role for Nutrition?

    Keywords: Marketing; Food; Nutrition;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Food Marketing: What Role for Nutrition?" Harvard Business School Background Note 577-126, February 1977.

Presentations

  1. Nutrition Intervention: Scope and Limits

    Keywords: Nutrition;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Nutrition Intervention: Scope and Limits." Lecture at the International Congress of Nutrition, New York, January 01, 1981.
  2. Evaluation Research Priorities for Federal Nutrition Programs

    Keywords: Research; Nutrition; Programs;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "Evaluation Research Priorities for Federal Nutrition Programs." Paper presented at the National Food and Agriculture Outlook Conference, Washington, DC, November 15, 1978.
  3. La Modernizacion de la Produccion y los Ajustes en el Sistema de Mercadea: El Caso de la Industria Arrocera Nicaraguense

    Keywords: Production; Marketing; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Nicaragua;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E. "La Modernizacion de la Produccion y los Ajustes en el Sistema de Mercadea: El Caso de la Industria Arrocera Nicaraguense." Paper presented at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture Seminar on Latin American Rice Policies, October 01, 1971.

Other Publications and Materials

  1. La Venezuela Agrícola: Mitos Y Realidades

    Keywords: Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Venezuela;

    Citation:

    Austin, James E., George Th. Kastner, and Maria Teresa Tello. "La Venezuela Agrícola: Mitos Y Realidades." Papeles de trabajo IESA, Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración (IESA), Caracas, January 1985.