Richard S. Tedlow

MBA Class of 1949 Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus

Contact:

(617) 495-6688

Send Email

Richard S. Tedlow is the Class of 1949 Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School, where he is a specialist in the history of business.

Professor Tedlow received his B.A. from Yale in 1969 and his M.A. and Ph.D. in history from Columbia in 1971 and 1976 respectively. He came to the Harvard Business School on a fellowship in 1978 and joined the faculty in 1979. From 1979 through 1982, he taught First Year Marketing. His involvement in marketing has continued, and he has been a member of the faculty of the "Strategic Retail Management Seminar," the "Top Management Seminar for Retailers and Suppliers," "Managing Brand Meaning," and the "Strategic Marketing Management" executive education programs. From 1978 to the present, he has been involved in the School's Business History program. In 1992 and 1993, he taught a course entitled "Business, Government, and the International Economy." He has also taught in numerous executive programs at the Harvard Business School as well as at corporations, including programs in marketing strategy and general management. His book -- Giants of Enterprise: Seven Business Innovators and the Empires They Built (HarperBusiness, 2001) -- was selected by Business Week as one of the top ten business books of 2001.

Prof. Tedlow’s book, Andy Grove: The Life and Times of an American, was published by Portfolio, an imprint of Penguin Group USA, in November 2006. It was selected by Business Week as one of the top ten business books of 2006.

Prof. Tedlow's most recent book, Denial: Why Business Leaders Fail to Look Facts in the Face, was published by Portfolio in March, 2010. It was selected by strategy+business as one of the best business books of 2010.

Featured Work

Publications

Books

  1. Denial: Why Business Leaders Fail to Look Facts in the Face--and What to Do About It

    This book deals with two of the biggest problems in business: Why do sane, smart leaders often refuse to accept the facts that threaten their companies? And how do they find the courage to resist denial when facing new trends, changing markets, and tough new competitors?

    Keywords: Change Management; Leadership; Problems and Challenges; Personal Characteristics; Competition;

  2. Andy Grove: The Life and Times of an American

    Keywords: United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. Andy Grove: The Life and Times of an American. New York, NY: Portfolio, 2006. (Selected as one of the 10 best business books of the year 2006 by Business Week and The Times of India.) View Details
  3. The Watson Dynasty: The Fiery Reign and Troubled Legacy of IBM's Founding Father and Son

    Keywords: Technology; Business Ventures; Computer Industry;

  4. Giants of Enterprise: Seven Business Innovators and the Empires They Built

    Keywords: Business History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. Giants of Enterprise: Seven Business Innovators and the Empires They Built. New York, NY: HarperBusiness, 2001. (Selected as one of the 10 best business books of the year 2001 by Business Week. It has also been translated into 7 languages, including Chinese (complex characters), Chinese (simplified characters), Indonesian, Hungarian, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil) and Russian.) View Details
  5. L'Audace et Le Marché: L'Invention du Marketing aux Etats-Unis

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. L'Audace et Le Marché: L'Invention du Marketing aux Etats-Unis. Paris, France: Éditions Odile Jacob, 1997, French ed. (Translated into French.) View Details
  6. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America

    Keywords: Marketing Strategy; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America. 2nd ed. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1996. View Details
  7. Management Past and Present: A Casebook on American Business History

    Keywords: Business History; United States;

    Citation:

    Chandler, A. D., Jr., T. K. McCraw, and R. S. Tedlow. Management Past and Present: A Casebook on American Business History. Cincinnati: South-Western College Publishing, 1996. View Details
  8. The Rise and Fall of Mass Marketing

    Keywords: Marketing; History;

    Citation:

    Jones, G., and R. S. Tedlow, eds. The Rise and Fall of Mass Marketing. London: Routledge, 1993. View Details
  9. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America. Tokyo, Japan: Minerva Shobo, 1993, Japanese ed. (Translated into Japanese.) View Details
  10. The Rise of the American Business Corporation

    Keywords: Business History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. The Rise of the American Business Corporation. Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1991. View Details
  11. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America. U.K.: Heinemann, 1990. (United Kingdom edition.) View Details
  12. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America

    Keywords: Marketing; History; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. New and Improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America. New York: Basic Books, 1990. View Details
  13. Keeping the Corporate Image: Public Relations and Business, 1900-1950

    Keywords: Business History; Public Relations Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. Keeping the Corporate Image: Public Relations and Business, 1900-1950. Japan: Yushodo Press, 1989, Japanese ed. (Translated into Japanese.) View Details
  14. Managing Big Business: Essays from the Business History Review

    Keywords: Business History; Management;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S., and R. John Jr. Managing Big Business: Essays from the Business History Review. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1986. View Details
  15. The Coming of Managerial Capitalism: A Casebook on the History of American Economic Institutions

    Keywords: Economic Systems; Managerial Roles;

    Citation:

    Chandler, A. D., Jr., and R. S. Tedlow. The Coming of Managerial Capitalism: A Casebook on the History of American Economic Institutions. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin, 1985. View Details
  16. The Coming of Managerial Capitalism: Case Commentary and Teaching Technique

    Keywords: Economic Systems; Managerial Roles;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. The Coming of Managerial Capitalism: Case Commentary and Teaching Technique. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin, 1985. View Details
  17. Keeping the Corporate Image: Public Relations and Business, 1900-1950

    Keywords: Business History; Public Relations Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. Keeping the Corporate Image: Public Relations and Business, 1900-1950. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1979. View Details

Journal Articles

  1. Don't Deny the Facts

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Don't Deny the Facts." Investor's Business Daily (April 27, 2010). (A conversation with Richard Tedlow, by Michael Mink.) View Details
  2. Toyota Was in Denial. How About You?

    Keywords: Auto Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Toyota Was in Denial. How About You?" Bloomberg Businessweek (April 8, 2010). View Details
  3. Nothing to See Here: Richard Tedlow Explains Why So Many CEOs Refuse to Confront the Truth

    The article presents an interview with business historian Richard Tedlow on the topic of why chief executive officers (CEOs) sometimes refuse to acknowledge data or information that indicate they need to shift their strategy. He notes that denial is a typical response to terrifying truths. He says CEOs need to surround themselves with people unafraid to be truthful, and that CEOs should be proactive in soliciting contrary points of view.

    Keywords: Management;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Nothing to See Here: Richard Tedlow Explains Why So Many CEOs Refuse to Confront the Truth." Conference Board Review (spring 2010). (A conversation with Richard Tedlow, by Matthew Budman.) View Details
  4. Admit It: You're in Denial

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Admit It: You're in Denial." Washingtonpost.com (February 26, 2010). View Details
  5. Book Excerpt: Denial at Sears

    Keywords: Consumer Products Industry; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Book Excerpt: Denial at Sears." Bloomberg Businessweek Online (February 26, 2010). View Details
  6. Sears' Edifice Complex

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "Sears' Edifice Complex." Forbes.com (July 10, 2009). View Details
  7. GM: The World We Have Lost

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Auto Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "GM: The World We Have Lost." Boston Globe (June 3, 2009). View Details
  8. Fast Track the New President

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "Fast Track the New President." Boston Globe (October 15, 2008). View Details
  9. Leaders in Denial

    Henry Ford's stubborn refusal to admit the changeability of consumer demand allowed Chrysler and GM to horn in on his market. Half a century later the whole U.S. auto industry made the same mistake: Enter the Japanese. But denial comes in many forms, as Sears, Digital Equipment, and Bear Stearns can attest.

    Keywords: Decision Choices and Conditions; Judgments; Leadership; Demand and Consumers; Auto Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Leaders in Denial." HBS Centennial Issue. Harvard Business Review 86, nos. 7/8 (July–August 2008). View Details
  10. Will History Happen to You?

    Keywords: History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Will History Happen to You?" Times of India (March 25, 2008). View Details
  11. The Dangers of Wishful Thinking

    Too many U.S. businesses (including tires, super-markets, and information technology) have been infected with the disease of denial. The answer? In Lincoln's words, “We must disenthrall ourselves.”

    Keywords: Knowledge Acquisition; Knowledge Use and Leverage; Leadership; Growth and Development Strategy; Success; Behavior; Cognition and Thinking;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "The Dangers of Wishful Thinking." American: A Magazine of Ideas (January–February 2008). View Details
  12. The Intellectual History of Harvard Business School

    Keywords: History; Higher Education; Business Education; Boston;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Intellectual History of Harvard Business School." HBS Working Knowledge (2008). View Details
  13. The Valley of Death

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Valley of Death." Core: A Publication of the Computer History Museum (2008). View Details
  14. Call It the 'Andy Amendment'

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Call It the 'Andy Amendment'." Los Angeles Times (February 4, 2007). View Details
  15. Inside Intel: The Art of Andy Grove

    Keywords: Technology; Technology Industry; Computer Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Inside Intel: The Art of Andy Grove." HBS Alumni Bulletin (December 2006), 26–31. View Details
  16. The Education of Andy Grove

    Keywords: Education;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Education of Andy Grove." Fortune (December 12, 2005). View Details
  17. The Business Strategies of Fathers and Sons: An American Firm in the Twentieth Century

    Keywords: Strategy; Family and Family Relationships; Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Business Strategies of Fathers and Sons: An American Firm in the Twentieth Century." Aetas: Journal of History and Related Disciplines 20, nos. 1-2 (2005): 52–68. View Details
  18. Statistical Portraits of American Business Elites: A Review Essay

    Keywords: Management; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and Walter Friedman. "Statistical Portraits of American Business Elites: A Review Essay." Business History 45, no. 4 (October 2003): 89–113. View Details
  19. Identity Crisis: CEO James Adamson needs to figure out what Kmart is and how to manage its competition

    Keywords: Identity; Management; Competition; Consumer Products Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Identity Crisis: CEO James Adamson needs to figure out what Kmart is and how to manage its competition." Special Issue on June 2002 CEO Forum: Online. Chief Executive (June 2002). View Details
  20. What Titans Can Teach Us

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "What Titans Can Teach Us." Harvard Business Review 79, no. 11 (December 2001): 70–79. (Reprinted in Harvard Business Review on Leadership at the Top.) View Details
  21. How the Giants of Enterprise Seized the Future

    Keywords: Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "How the Giants of Enterprise Seized the Future." HBS Working Knowledge (July 23, 2001). View Details
  22. Sam Walton: Great from the Start

    Keywords: Arkansas;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Sam Walton: Great from the Start." HBS Working Knowledge (July 23, 2001). View Details
  23. The Making of the Modern Company

    Keywords: Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Making of the Modern Company." Business Week (August 28, 2000). View Details
  24. Patterns of Disruption in Retailing

    Keywords: Disruption; Sales;

    Citation:

    Christensen, Clayton M., and R. S. Tedlow. "Patterns of Disruption in Retailing." Harvard Business Review 78, no. 1 (January–February 2000): 42–45. View Details
  25. Remembering Roland Marchand

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Remembering Roland Marchand." Business History Review 72, no. 1 (spring 1999). View Details
  26. In the Grip of the Dumb Machine

    Keywords: Machinery and Machining;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "In the Grip of the Dumb Machine." Times-Picayune (July 19, 1998). View Details
  27. The Beginning of Mass Marketing in America: George Eastman and Photography as a Case Study

    Keywords: Marketing; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Beginning of Mass Marketing in America: George Eastman and Photography as a Case Study." Journal of Macromarketing 17, no. 2 (fall 1997). View Details
  28. Managerial Commitments and Technological Change in the U.S. Tire Industry

    Keywords: Management; Technology; Change; Manufacturing Industry; Consumer Products Industry;

    Citation:

    Sull, D., R. Tedlow, and R. Rosenbloom. "Managerial Commitments and Technological Change in the U.S. Tire Industry." Industrial and Corporate Change 6, no. 2 (1997): 461–501. View Details
  29. Roadkill on the Information Superhighway

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Roadkill on the Information Superhighway." Harvard Business Review 74, no. 6 (November–December 1996). View Details
  30. Tires and the Nature of Life

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Tires and the Nature of Life." Harvard Business School Bulletin (November/December 1996). View Details
  31. Why Bad Things Happen to Good Companies

    Keywords: Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., Benson P. Shapiro, and Adrian Jurij Slywotzky. "Why Bad Things Happen to Good Companies." Strategy & Business (Second Quarter 1996), 16–26. View Details
  32. Why Great Companies Go Wrong

    Keywords: Business Ventures;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., Benson P. Shapiro, and Adrian Jurij Slywotzky. "Why Great Companies Go Wrong." New York Times (November 6, 1994). View Details
  33. Making Choices: Aspects of the History of the Harvard Business School MBA Program

    Keywords: Higher Education; History; Decision Choices and Conditions; Boston;

    Citation:

    Koehn, Nancy F., Thomas R. Piper, V. Kasturi Rangan, and Richard S. Tedlow. "Making Choices: Aspects of the History of the Harvard Business School MBA Program." MBA Leadership and Learning (1992). View Details
  34. The Case of AIDS

    Keywords: Health Pandemics;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S., and M. Marram. "The Case of AIDS." Harvard Business Review 69, no. 6 (November–December 1991): 14–20. View Details
  35. Segmentation versus the Mass Market

    Keywords: Markets;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Segmentation versus the Mass Market." World Link (March–April 1991). View Details
  36. 'Giants Lose Three Straight; Nazi Armies Take Paris': Commencement Week for the Harvard Class of 1940

    Keywords: Education; Boston;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S., and Reed Hundt. "'Giants Lose Three Straight; Nazi Armies Take Paris': Commencement Week for the Harvard Class of 1940." Harvard Magazine (July 1990). View Details
  37. Automobile Marketing in the Context of American Business History

    Keywords: Marketing; Business History; Auto Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Automobile Marketing in the Context of American Business History." Gérer et comprendre 18 (March 1990): 68–89. View Details
  38. Henry Ford Savait-Il Vendre les Voitures?

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Henry Ford Savait-Il Vendre les Voitures?" Gérer et comprendre 18 (March 1990): 68–89. View Details
  39. The Process of Economic Concentration in the American Economy

    Keywords: Economics; Economy; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Process of Economic Concentration in the American Economy." Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte (1988): 91–111. View Details
  40. The Struggle for Dominance in the Automobile Market: The Early Years of Ford and General Motors

    Keywords: Production; Markets; Duopoly and Oligopoly; Auto Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Struggle for Dominance in the Automobile Market: The Early Years of Ford and General Motors." Business and Economic History 17 (1988): 49–62. View Details
  41. Communications Strategy for the Nation-State

    Keywords: Communication;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S., and John A. Quelch. "Communications Strategy for the Nation-State." Public Relations Journal 37, no. 6 (June 1981): 22–25. View Details
  42. From Competitor to Consumer: The Changing Focus of Federal Regulation of Advertising, 1914-1938

    Keywords: Competition; Change; Governing Rules, Regulations, and Reforms; Advertising;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "From Competitor to Consumer: The Changing Focus of Federal Regulation of Advertising, 1914-1938." Business History Review 55, no. 1 (spring 1981). View Details
  43. Intellect on Television: The Quiz Show Scandals of the 1950's

    Keywords: Television Entertainment; Society; Telecommunications Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Intellect on Television: The Quiz Show Scandals of the 1950's." American Quarterly 28, no. 4 (fall 1976): 483–495. View Details
  44. The National Association of Manufacturers and Public Relations during the New Deal

    Keywords: Organizations; Manufacturing Industry; Public Relations Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The National Association of Manufacturers and Public Relations during the New Deal." Business History Review 50, no. 1 (spring 1976): 25–45. View Details

Book Chapters

  1. Theodore Levitt's 'The Globalization of Markets': An Evaluation After Two Decades

    Keywords: Globalized Markets and Industries;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and Rawi Abdelal. "Theodore Levitt's 'The Globalization of Markets': An Evaluation After Two Decades." In The Global Market: Developing a Strategy to Manage Across Borders, edited by John A. Quelch and Rohit Deshpandé, 11–30. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2004. View Details
  2. What the Titans Can Teach Us

    Keywords: Teaching;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "What the Titans Can Teach Us." In Harvard Business Review on Breakthrough Leadership. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2002. View Details
  3. George Eastman

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "George Eastman." In Oxford Encyclopedia of American History. Oxford University Press, 2001. View Details
  4. Mass Marketing

    Keywords: Marketing;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Mass Marketing." In The Oxford Companion to United States History, edited by M. Urofsky. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. View Details
  5. Marketing

    Keywords: Marketing;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Marketing." In Encyclopedia of the United States in the Twentieth Century. Edited by S. I. Kutler. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1996. View Details
  6. The Fourth Phase of Marketing: The History of Marketing and the Business World Today

    Keywords: Marketing;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Fourth Phase of Marketing: The History of Marketing and the Business World Today." In The Rise and Fall of Mass Marketing, edited by G. Jones and R. S. Tedlow. London: Routledge, 1993. View Details
  7. The Rise of the American Business Corporation

    Keywords: Business History; Business Ventures; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Rise of the American Business Corporation." In Fundamentals of Pure and Applied Economics. Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1991. View Details
  8. Advertising

    Keywords: Advertising; Advertising Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Advertising." In The Reader's Companion to American History, edited by E. Foner and J. A. Garraty. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991. View Details
  9. Trade Associations and Public Relations

    Keywords: Non-Governmental Organizations; Business and Community Relations; Public Relations Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Trade Associations and Public Relations." In Trade Associations in Business History, edited by Hiroaki Yamazaki and Matao Miyamoto. University of Tokyo Press, 1988. View Details
  10. Business History in the United States: Past Accomplishments and Future Directions

    Keywords: Business History; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Business History in the United States: Past Accomplishments and Future Directions." In Annali Di Storia Dell' Impresa, edited by Richard S. Tedlow., 1985. View Details
  11. Advertising and Public Relations

    Keywords: Advertising; Advertising Industry; Public Relations Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Advertising and Public Relations." In Encyclopedia of American Economic History, edited by G. Porter, 677–695. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1980. View Details
  12. Judah P. Benjamin

    Keywords: Government and Politics;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Judah P. Benjamin." In Turn to the South, edited by Nathan M. Kaganoff and Melvin I. Urofsky. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1979. View Details
  13. Essay on Advertising Executive Albert D. Lasker

    Keywords: Advertising; Advertising Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Essay on Advertising Executive Albert D. Lasker." In Dictionary of American Biography. 2nd ed., 410–412. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1977. View Details
  14. Essay on Industrial Psychologist Henry C. Link

    Keywords: Social Psychology; Organizational Culture;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Essay on Industrial Psychologist Henry C. Link." In Dictionary of American Biography. 2nd ed., 433–434. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1977. View Details

Working Papers

  1. Andrew S. Grove's Swimming Across: A Memoir in Historical Context

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Andrew S. Grove's Swimming Across: A Memoir in Historical Context." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 04-050, March 2004. View Details
  2. The American CEO in the Twentieth Century: Demography and Career Path

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., Courtney Purrington, and Kim Eric Bettcher. "The American CEO in the Twentieth Century: Demography and Career Path." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 03-097, February 2003. View Details
  3. Charles Revson and Revlon

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Charles Revson and Revlon." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 00-032, October 1999. View Details
  4. Some Aspects of the Life and Career of Andrew Carnegie

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Some Aspects of the Life and Career of Andrew Carnegie." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 99-134, August 1999. View Details
  5. The Visible Man: An Historiographical Investigation of Quantitative Studies of American Business Leadership

    Citation:

    Friedman, Walter, and Richard S. Tedlow. "The Visible Man: An Historiographical Investigation of Quantitative Studies of American Business Leadership." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 98-101, May 1998. View Details
  6. Managerial Commitments and Technological Change in the US Tire Industry

    Citation:

    Sull, Donald N., Richard S. Tedlow, and Richard S. Rosenbloom. "Managerial Commitments and Technological Change in the US Tire Industry." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 97-070, April 1997. View Details
  7. Henry Ford: The Profits and the Price of Primitivism

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Henry Ford: The Profits and the Price of Primitivism." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 97-051, January 1997. View Details
  8. The Manichean World of George Eastman

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Manichean World of George Eastman." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 97-033, December 1996. View Details
  9. The American Business Tradition: In Search of a Methodology

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The American Business Tradition: In Search of a Methodology." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 97-032, November 1996. View Details

Cases and Teaching Materials

  1. Incentive or Insult? The Case of Joe Torre and the New York Yankees

    Keywords: Sports Industry; New York (city, NY);

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "Incentive or Insult? The Case of Joe Torre and the New York Yankees." Harvard Business School Case 810-074, November 2009. View Details
  2. J.P. Morgan

    An account of J.P. Morgan's remarkable career in government, railroad, and industrial finance.

    Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Business History; Personal Development and Career;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "J.P. Morgan." Harvard Business School Case 810-052, September 2009. View Details
  3. Sole-Sourcing the Intel 386: A Company and Industry Transformed

    Intel's precedent-breaking decision not to second-source its groundbreaking 386 microprocessor in 1986 propelled Intel to new heights and fundamentally transformed the computer industry.

    Keywords: Decisions; Technological Innovation; Production; Hardware; Transformation; Brands and Branding; Product Development; Computer Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "Sole-Sourcing the Intel 386: A Company and Industry Transformed." Harvard Business School Case 809-076, November 2008. (Revised June 2009.) View Details
  4. Harrington Collection: Sizing Up the Active-Wear Market

    In the wake of slumping sales and sagging profit margins, a leading manufacturer and retailer of high-end women's apparel, Harrington Collection, must evaluate an opportunity to expand into the high-growth active-wear market. Sara Huey, Vice President of Strategic Planning, calls on two of her colleagues to help perform a comprehensive market evaluation. They must analyze the financial implications of the opportunity, assess trade and competitor reactions, consider the risks, and determine whether the Vigor division of the company will be able to successfully launch and manage the new product line.

    Keywords: Breakeven analysis; consumer behavior; Product introduction; Expansion; Consumer Behavior; Supply and Industry; Product Launch; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and Heather Beckham. "Harrington Collection: Sizing Up the Active-Wear Market." Harvard Business School Brief Case 083-258, September 2008. View Details
  5. Harrington Collection: Sizing Up the Active-Wear Market (Brief Case)

    Keywords: Breakeven analysis; consumer behavior; Product introduction;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and Heather Beckham. "Harrington Collection: Sizing Up the Active-Wear Market (Brief Case)." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 083-259, September 2008. View Details
  6. Du Pont: The Birth of the Modern Multidivisional Corporation

    Du Pont's realization in 1921 that its "U-form" corporate structure was ill-suited to its new diversification strategy led to a pioneering new kind of organization—the "M" or multidivisional form—that has been called the most important innovation of capitalism in the 20th century. This case examines how and why this pivotal transformation took place and what its implications may be for corporations that are trying to align their structure with their strategy as they undergo rapid growth and change.

    Keywords: Change Management; Innovation and Invention; Growth and Development Strategy; Organizational Change and Adaptation; Organizational Structure; Alignment; Corporate Strategy;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and David Ruben. "Du Pont: The Birth of the Modern Multidivisional Corporation." Harvard Business School Case 809-012, August 2008. View Details
  7. The Historical Development of the Harvard Business School (A)

    Keywords: Business Education; History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Historical Development of the Harvard Business School (A)." Harvard Business School Case 808-148, April 2008. View Details
  8. The Historical Development of the Harvard Business School (B)

    Keywords: Growth and Development; Higher Education; History; Education Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The Historical Development of the Harvard Business School (B)." Harvard Business School Supplement 808-149, April 2008. View Details
  9. Benjamin Franklin and the Definition of American Values

    Discusses the value systems and their relationship to the conduct of business in 18th Century America. Also focuses on Benjamin Franklin, the preeminent colonial American, to examine how business was conducted in his era. Based on an earlier case by B.E. Supple.

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Values and Beliefs; Business History; Business and Government Relations; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Benjamin Franklin and the Definition of American Values." Harvard Business School Case 383-160, March 1983. (Revised March 2008.) View Details
  10. James Burke: A Career in American Business (A)

    Presents an historical overview of the professional career of James E. Burke, chairman and CEO of Johnson & Johnson. Examines the corporation's handling of three major occurrences--the Tylenol poisonings in 1982 and 1986 and the acquisition and subsequent sale of Technicare, a maker of diagnostic imaging equipment.

    Keywords: Business History; Marketing Strategy; Ethics; Personal Development and Career; Crisis Management; Consumer Products Industry; Health Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and Wendy Smith. "James Burke: A Career in American Business (A)." Harvard Business School Case 389-177, April 1989. (Revised October 2005.) View Details
  11. James Burke: A Career in American Business (B)

    Covers the history of Tylenol from the autumn of 1982 through the second tampering incident in February 1986. Also deals with other developments in the history of Johnson & Johnson, especially the acquisition and divestiture of Technicare.

    Keywords: History; Pharmaceutical Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and Wendy Smith. "James Burke: A Career in American Business (B)." Harvard Business School Case 390-030, August 1989. (Revised October 2005.) View Details
  12. Westfield America

    The company is attempting to duplicate its Australian formula for successful mall ownership in the U.S. market. It must deal with rapidly evolving financial markets while recognizing and capitalizing on emerging trends in retailing.

    Keywords: Market Entry and Exit; Adaptation; Financial Markets; Property; Trends; Retail Industry; Real Estate Industry; Australia; United States;

    Citation:

    Poorvu, William J., Richard S. Tedlow, and Daniel J. Rudd. "Westfield America." Harvard Business School Case 899-260, May 1999. (Revised August 1999.) View Details
  13. Levi Strauss & Co. and the AIDS Crisis

    Keywords: Health Disorders; Employee Relationship Management; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Levi Strauss & Co. and the AIDS Crisis." Harvard Business School Case 391-198, April 1991. (Revised November 1997.) View Details
  14. Organizational Capabilities and U.S. War Production: The Controlled Materials Plan of World War II

    A vehicle for the discussion of a very important set of institutional arrangements that helped enable America to mobilize its economy for World War II.

    Keywords: Economy; Production; Organizational Change and Adaptation; Strategic Planning; War; United States;

    Citation:

    Cuff, Robert D., and Richard S. Tedlow. "Organizational Capabilities and U.S. War Production: The Controlled Materials Plan of World War II." Harvard Business School Case 390-166, April 1990. (Revised August 1997.) View Details
  15. Communications Revolution, The : 1995

    Keywords: Communication; Communication Technology;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S., and James Weber. "Communications Revolution, The : 1995." Harvard Business School Case 796-081, November 1995. View Details
  16. Chain Stores TN

    Teaching Note for (9-391-251).

    Keywords: Growth and Development; Lawfulness; Retail Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Chain Stores TN." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 396-048, August 1995. View Details
  17. Benjamin Franklin and the Definition of American Values, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-383-160).

    Keywords: History; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Benjamin Franklin and the Definition of American Values, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-111, October 1983. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  18. John Jacob Astor--1763-1848, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-372-240).

    Keywords: United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "John Jacob Astor--1763-1848, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-117, October 1983. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  19. Second Bank of the United States, Teaching Note

    Keywords: History; Banks and Banking; Banking Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Second Bank of the United States, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-122, March 1985. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  20. Coming of the Railroads, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Rail Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Coming of the Railroads, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-201, January 1984. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  21. Nineteenth Century Retailing and the Rise of the Department Store, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-384-022).

    Keywords: Retail Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Nineteenth Century Retailing and the Rise of the Department Store, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-215, March 1984. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  22. Standard Oil Co.: Combination, Consolidation, and Integration, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Business Growth and Maturation; Energy Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Standard Oil Co.: Combination, Consolidation, and Integration, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-225, April 1984. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  23. Organized Labor and the Worker, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-391-256).

    Keywords: Labor Unions;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Organized Labor and the Worker, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-262, May 1984. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  24. Labor Movement Between the Wars, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Labor Unions;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Labor Movement Between the Wars, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-269, June 1984. (Revised August 1995.) View Details
  25. Rise of the New York Port, Teaching Note

    Keywords: History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Rise of the New York Port, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-121, October 1983. (Revised July 1995.) View Details
  26. Railroad Problem and the Solution

    A vehicle for a discussion of the causes and consequences of the Interstate Commerce Act.

    Keywords: Transportation; Rail Transportation; Fluctuation; Outcome or Result; Public Sector; Government and Politics; Business History; Complexity; Problems and Challenges; Rail Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Railroad Problem and the Solution." Harvard Business School Case 384-032, August 1983. (Revised March 1995.) View Details
  27. Nineteenth Century Retailing and the Rise of the Department Store

    Discusses changes in retailing in the nineteenth century.

    Keywords: History; Distribution; Change; Retail Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Nineteenth Century Retailing and the Rise of the Department Store." Harvard Business School Case 384-022, August 1983. (Revised March 1995.) View Details
  28. Federal Government and Employment

    Provides a vehicle for a discussion of the Employment Act of 1946.

    Keywords: Employment; Government Legislation; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Federal Government and Employment." Harvard Business School Case 384-125, November 1983. (Revised March 1995.) View Details
  29. Why Bad Things Happen to Good Companies

    Describes the Darwinian internal and external processes that lead to poor performance from a previously well performing company. Demonstrates why any business design eventually fails and the role of organizational calcification and poor leadership in the failure. Also provides prescriptions to prevent and alleviate the problems.

    Keywords: Leadership; Management Practices and Processes; Organizational Design; Failure; Performance;

    Citation:

    Shapiro, Benson P., Adrian J. Slywotsky, and Richard S. Tedlow. "Why Bad Things Happen to Good Companies." Harvard Business School Background Note 595-045, November 1994. View Details
  30. Hart Schaffner & Marx: The Market for Separately Ticketed Suits

    Calls for a decision on whether Hart Schaffner & Marx, the nation's leading manufacturer of high quality, branded suits, should expand its product line by marketing suits that are separately ticketed (i.e., the coat, vest, and slacks are sold from individual hangers and priced separately by the retailer rather than being sold and priced as an ensemble). Serves as a vehicle for discussing product policy issues in the context of a fragmented, mature, and highly competitive industry. Related issues of channel management, pricing, and advertising also must be analyzed. Demands skilled quantitative analysis of a complex breakeven situation.

    Keywords: Advertising; Decisions; Price; Markets; Distribution Channels; Production; Mathematical Methods; Competitive Strategy; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Hart Schaffner & Marx: The Market for Separately Ticketed Suits." Harvard Business School Case 582-134, April 1982. (Revised June 1993.) View Details
  31. Danton's: The Specialty Store Men's Apparel Business

    Keywords: Marketing Strategy; Consumer Behavior; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Danton's: The Specialty Store Men's Apparel Business." Harvard Business School Case 583-008, July 1982. (Revised May 1992.) View Details
  32. Levi Strauss & Co. and the AIDS Crisis, Video

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Levi Strauss & Co. and the AIDS Crisis, Video." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 792-510, April 1992. View Details
  33. Fourth Phase of Marketing: Marketing History and the Business World Today

    Keywords: Marketing;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Fourth Phase of Marketing: Marketing History and the Business World Today." Harvard Business School Case 391-249, May 1991. View Details
  34. James Burke: A Career in American Business (A) and (B), Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-389-177) and (9-390-030).

    Keywords: Personal Development and Career; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "James Burke: A Career in American Business (A) and (B), Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 390-015, July 1989. (Revised June 1990.) View Details
  35. James Burke: A Career in American Business, Video

    Keywords: Business Ventures; Personal Development and Career; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "James Burke: A Career in American Business, Video." Harvard Business School Video Supplement 890-513, February 1990. View Details
  36. Hart Schaffner & Marx: The Market for Separately Ticketed Suits, Teaching Note

    Teaching Note for (9-582-134).

    Keywords: Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Hart Schaffner & Marx: The Market for Separately Ticketed Suits, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 585-056, August 1984. (Revised January 1989.) View Details
  37. Glossary of Marketing Terms

    Provides definitions of marketing terms.

    Keywords: Marketing;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Glossary of Marketing Terms." Harvard Business School Background Note 582-044, September 1981. (Revised July 1987.) View Details
  38. Great Depression: Causes and Impact

    Keywords: Outcome or Result; Financial Crisis;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Great Depression: Causes and Impact." Harvard Business School Case 385-010, August 1984. (Revised January 1986.) View Details
  39. Decline of the British Cotton Industry

    Keywords: Plant-Based Agribusiness; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; United Kingdom;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Decline of the British Cotton Industry." Harvard Business School Background Note 386-078, November 1985. View Details
  40. Challenge Ahead: Economic Growth, Global Interdependence, and the New Competition, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Global Range; Competition;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Challenge Ahead: Economic Growth, Global Interdependence, and the New Competition, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 385-292, March 1985. (Revised August 1985.) View Details
  41. Great Depression: Causes and Impact, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Outcome or Result; Financial Crisis;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Great Depression: Causes and Impact, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 385-054, August 1984. (Revised June 1985.) View Details
  42. Conglomerates and the Merger Movement of the 1960s, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Business Conglomerates; Mergers and Acquisitions;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Conglomerates and the Merger Movement of the 1960s, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 385-274, March 1985. (Revised June 1985.) View Details
  43. Antitrust Movement: Symbolic Politics and Industrial Organization Economics, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Monopoly; Government and Politics;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Antitrust Movement: Symbolic Politics and Industrial Organization Economics, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 385-064, August 1984. (Revised June 1985.) View Details
  44. Federal Trade Commission and the Shared Monopoly Case against the Ready-to-Eat Cereal Manufacturers, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Monopoly; Food and Beverage Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Federal Trade Commission and the Shared Monopoly Case against the Ready-to-Eat Cereal Manufacturers, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 385-109, August 1984. (Revised June 1985.) View Details
  45. Multinational Enterprise, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Multinational Firms and Management;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Multinational Enterprise, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 385-273, February 1985. (Revised June 1985.) View Details
  46. Jordan Marsh Co.: Merchandising Men's Tailored Clothing

    Keywords: Marketing Strategy; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Jordan Marsh Co.: Merchandising Men's Tailored Clothing." Harvard Business School Case 582-149, February 1982. (Revised August 1984.) View Details
  47. Mass Production and the Beginnings of Scientific Management, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Management; Production;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Mass Production and the Beginnings of Scientific Management, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-256, May 1984. (Revised July 1984.) View Details
  48. Antitrust Movement: Symbolic Politics and Industrial Organization Economics

    Keywords: Monopoly; Government and Politics; Industry Structures; Business History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Antitrust Movement: Symbolic Politics and Industrial Organization Economics." Harvard Business School Case 384-051, August 1983. (Revised July 1984.) View Details
  49. Emergence of Managerial Capitalism, Teaching Note

    Keywords: Management;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Emergence of Managerial Capitalism, Teaching Note." Harvard Business School Teaching Note 384-244, May 1984. (Revised July 1984.) View Details
  50. Federal Trade Commission and the Shared Monopoly Case against the Ready-to-Eat Cereal Manufacturers

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Monopoly; Courts and Trials; Food and Beverage Industry; United States;

    Citation:

    McCraw, Thomas K., and Richard S. Tedlow. "Federal Trade Commission and the Shared Monopoly Case against the Ready-to-Eat Cereal Manufacturers." Harvard Business School Case 384-265, June 1984. View Details
  51. Rise of the New York Port

    Keywords: Business History; Urban Development; Shipping Industry; New York (city, NY);

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Rise of the New York Port." Harvard Business School Case 384-023, August 1983. (Revised June 1984.) View Details
  52. From Lean Years to Fat Years: The Labor Movement Between the Wars

    Keywords: History; Labor Unions; Labor and Management Relations;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "From Lean Years to Fat Years: The Labor Movement Between the Wars." Harvard Business School Case 384-104, October 1983. (Revised May 1984.) View Details
  53. Casual Male: Off-Price Men's Apparel Retailing

    Keywords: Marketing Strategy; Advertising; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Casual Male: Off-Price Men's Apparel Retailing." Harvard Business School Case 383-052, November 1982. (Revised June 1983.) View Details
  54. Ready to Regulate Ready to Eat (B)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Law;

    Citation:

    McCraw, Thomas K., and Richard S. Tedlow. "Ready to Regulate Ready to Eat (B)." Harvard Business School Case 582-048, November 1981. (Revised January 1983.) View Details
  55. Worcester Textile Co.: Marketing Worsted Fabrics

    Keywords: Product Marketing; Apparel and Accessories Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "Worcester Textile Co.: Marketing Worsted Fabrics." Harvard Business School Case 383-072, November 1982. View Details
  56. Ready to Regulate Ready to Eat (A1)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Law;

    Citation:

    McCraw, Thomas K., and Richard S. Tedlow. "Ready to Regulate Ready to Eat (A1)." Harvard Business School Case 381-065, October 1980. (Revised October 1981.) View Details
  57. Ready to Regulate Ready to Eat (A2)

    Keywords: Business and Government Relations; Law;

    Citation:

    McCraw, Thomas K., and Richard S. Tedlow. "Ready to Regulate Ready to Eat (A2)." Harvard Business School Case 381-066, October 1980. (Revised October 1981.) View Details

Presentations

  1. From 'Universalistic Rather than Particularistic' to 'The Treasure of the Sierra Madre:' Another look at Chapter 2 of Alfred D. Chandler, Jr.'s Strategy and Structure

    Keywords: Strategy; Books;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "From 'Universalistic Rather than Particularistic' to 'The Treasure of the Sierra Madre:' Another look at Chapter 2 of Alfred D. Chandler, Jr.'s Strategy and Structure." Paper presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, August 11, 2008. View Details
  2. What the Titans Can Teach Us: Lessons from the Giants of Enterprise

    Keywords: Teaching; Learning; Business History;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "What the Titans Can Teach Us: Lessons from the Giants of Enterprise." Paper presented at the Harvard Business School Association of Northern California Bay Area Regional Event, February 01, 2005. View Details
  3. IBM Since 1993

    Keywords: Computer Industry; Information Technology Industry; Technology Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "IBM Since 1993." Paper presented at the HBS Global Leadership Forum, January 23, 2005. View Details
  4. Intel and IBM in 1993

    Keywords: Computer Industry; Information Technology Industry; Technology Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "Intel and IBM in 1993." Paper presented at the HBS Global Leadership Forum, January 22, 2005. View Details

Other Publications and Materials

  1. The History and Influence of Andy Grove

    Keywords: History; Power and Influence; Information Technology Industry;

    Citation:

    Tedlow, Richard S. "The History and Influence of Andy Grove." HBS Working Knowledge, October 2006. View Details
  2. The Watsons: IBM's Troubled Legacy

    Citation:

    Tedlow, R. S. "The Watsons: IBM's Troubled Legacy." HBS Working Knowledge (May 2004). View Details
  3. Historically Speaking: A Roundtable at HBS

    Keywords: History;

    Citation:

    Chandler, Alfred D., Jr., Nancy F. Koehn, Debora Spar, and R. S. Tedlow. "Historically Speaking: A Roundtable at HBS." HBS Working Knowledge, 2003. View Details

    Research Summary

  1. Denial: Why Business Leaders Fail to Look Facts in the Face

    Richard S. Tedlow is currently working on a book concerning historical examples of outstanding businesspeople who faced daunting challenges.  The book is divided into two parts:  "Getting It Wrong" and "Getting It Right."  Many times, great businesspeople have simply refused to face reality, and they and their organizations have suffered dreadfully as a result.  The reality of which Prof. Tedlow writes was not only knowable to these businesspeople at the time, it was in fact known by them.  This is not a book that exploits hindsight.  The question which the first half of the book explores is:  Why, knowing that they were facing disaster, did these great businesspeople not change course?  The second part of the book explores business executives facing similarly difficult dilemmas who did change course.  The question with which the book deals is:  Why is it that some people "get it wrong" while others "get it right"?
  2. The American Chief Executive from 1850 to 2000

    Richard S. Tedlow's research explores changes in the leadership strategies, styles, and backgrounds of corporate chief executive officers in the United States over the past century and a half. This project has both a qualitative and a quantitative component. The qualitative issues are described and analyzed in his book Giants of Enterprise: Seven Business Leaders and the Empires They Built (New York: HarperBusiness, 2001). The discussion of these seven business visionaries provides a prism through which we can see the evolution of American business and the American chief executive officer over the course of a century and a half. Business Week selected Giants of Enterprise as one of the top 10 business books of 2001. The quantitative side of this research is composed of data gathered on the CEOs of the nation's 250 largest corporations at different points in history. This database consists of demographic information (such as age, income, education, and place of birth) and information on career path (including number of companies worked at, number of jobs held, and number of years in business before reaching the top). Professor Tedlow's most recent book is a dual biography of the Thomas J. Watsons, Sr. and Jr., and the long term impact of their leadership on IBM. Entitled The Watson Dynasty: The Fiery Reign and Troubled Legacy of IBM's Founding Father and Son. This book was published by HarperBusiness in November 2003. Professor Tedlow has just competed Andy Grove: The Life and Times of an American. It is forthcoming from Portfolio, an imprint of Penguin Group USA, on November 2, 2006.

      Recent articles

      Don't Deny the Facts

      Investor's Business Daily, April 27, 2010

      The ability to see facts objectively is paramount to business success. An interview with Richard S. Tedlow.

      Nothing to See Here: Richard Tedlow Explains Why So Many CEOs Refuse to Confront the Truth

      The Conference Board Review, Spring 2010

      Q&A with Richard S. Tedlow about his new book, Denial: Why Business Leaders Fail to Look Facts in the Face.

      Toyota Was in Denial. How About You?

      By Richard S. Tedlow, BusinessWeek, April 8, 2010

      You can just shake your head at Toyota's obvious denial of reality. Or you can take a hard look at your own company.

      Ruthlessly Realistic: How CEOs Must Overcome Denial

      HBS Working Knowledge, March 29, 2010

      In this Q&A, Richard S. Tedlow discusses how denial can cripple a company, and what can be done about it.

      Admit It: You're In Denial

      By Richard S. Tedlow, The Washington Post, "On Leadership," February 26, 2010

      There is no foolproof way to escape denial. But there are tell-tale signs of its presence in an organization.

      Sears' Edifice Complex

      By Richard S. Tedlow and David Ruben, Forbes.com, July 10, 2009

      If you are involved in a company that decides to immortalize itself in glass and steel, proceed with caution.

      GM and the World We Have Lost

      By Richard S. Tedlow and David Ruben, The Boston Globe, June 3, 2009

      The bankruptcy of General Motors Corp. is one tree falling in the forest that every American ought to hear.

      Fast Track the New President

      By Richard S. Tedlow and David Ruben, The Boston Globe, October 15, 2008

      Most free nations change administrations with far greater dispatch than does the U.S. We can fix our system now, before it causes irreparable harm. Why wait?

      Leaders in Denial

      By Richard S. Tedlow, HBS Centennial Issue, Harvard Business Review 86, nos. 7/8 (July - August 2008)

      History has lessons to teach about the role of denial in the decline of companies. The stubborn refusal of the U.S. automobile industry to admit the changeability of consumer demand is one of the best examples.

      Will History Happen to You?

      By Richard S. Tedlow, The Times of India, March 25, 2008.

      Why is it that great firms -- companies with the smartest executives and the most powerful competitive advantages -- persist in the mistakes of their predecessors?

      The Dangers of Wishful Thinking

      By Richard S. Tedlow and David Ruben, The American, February 2008

      Too many U.S. businesses have been infected with the disease of denial. The answer? In Lincoln’s words, "We must disenthrall ourselves."