Jorge Ramirez-Vallejo

Principal Associate

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Dr Jorge Ramirez-Vallejo is a member of the Harvard Business School faculty at Professor Michael E. Porter’s Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness.  He holds a PhD in Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota and degrees in Engineering from Colorado State University and Escuela Colombiana de Ingenieria.  He is an Associate Professor at the School of Management of Universidad de los Andes in Colombia, and founder and former Director of the Center for Strategy and Competitiveness at the Universidad de los Andes.

Dr. Ramirez-Vallejo has been a Visiting Associate Professor at the Harvard Business School and Visiting Scholar at the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies and Visiting Scholar at the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University.  He worked previously at the Colombian Federation of Coffee Growers (FEDERACAFE) as Director of the competitiveness program. He was CEO of the National Development Bank in Colombia, FINDETER; Director General of the Irrigation and Land Improvement Institute and Director of Agricultural Planning of the country.  He also worked as an economist for the Inter-American Development Bank.


Cases and Teaching Materials

  1. Colombia: Organizing for Competitiveness

    Jorge Ramirez-Vallejo and Michael E. Porter

    The case is designed to explore the process of building competitiveness, particularly in an unstable environment, with a focus on organizing for competitiveness.

    Keywords: Microeconomics; Industry Clusters; Competition; Competitive Strategy; Colombia;


    Ramirez-Vallejo, Jorge, and Michael E. Porter. "Colombia: Organizing for Competitiveness." Harvard Business School Case 710-417, September 2009. (Revised August 2013.) View Details
  2. The Dutch Flower Cluster

    Michael E. Porter, Jorge Ramirez-Vallejo and Fred van Eenennaam

    Describes the Dutch Flower cluster, or the group of interconnected growers, suppliers, service providers, and flower-related institutions located in The Netherlands. Examines the role of the FloraHolland auction in the value chain. Also describes the flower clusters in China, Colombia, Ecuador, and Kenya, the four other major international competitors.

    Keywords: Globalization; Auctions; Industry Clusters; Competition; Competitive Advantage; Agriculture and Agribusiness Industry; Netherlands;


    Porter, Michael E., Jorge Ramirez-Vallejo, and Fred van Eenennaam. "The Dutch Flower Cluster." Harvard Business School Case 711-507, March 2011. (Revised November 2013.) View Details