Research Summary

Bodies at Risk: Chemicals Testing in the United States and Europe



This book project examines environmental regulation comparatively between the United States and Europe, with a focus on testing programs and controls on the manufacture of commodity and specialty chemicals. Findings thus far indicate that different relations among industry, government, and NGOs in the two contexts are shaping demands for chemicals testing and approaches to regulation, with important implications for both single-market and global firms. The project is built around case studies of the high-production volume testing program, endocrine disruptor testing, children's health testing programs, and an emerging set of tests for synthetic materials in human bodies often termed "body burden" studies. Whereas the US has recently advanced voluntary testing programs with the aim of sharing 'risk-based' information across industry, NGOs, and the EPA, the EU is developing mandates for testing that provide information to industry, that force industry to provide 'precautionary' information to the new European Chemicals Agency.