Article | Psychological Science | May 2015

Review and Summary of Research on the Embodied Effects of Expansive (vs. Contractive) Nonverbal Displays

by Dana R. Carney, Amy J.C. Cuddy and Andy J. Yap

Abstract

In this comment we list the 33 published experiments based on 2,521 participants demonstrating the embodied effects of expansive versus contractive nonverbal postures. We discuss a new addition to this list that found an embodied effect of nonverbal expansiveness on self-reported feelings of power but no effect on risk-taking, cortisol, or testosterone. Taken together, all but one conceptual replication has demonstrated support for the embodied effects of expansive nonverbal postures. However, multiple experiments have found that the postural effects appear to be bounded by social context, culture, and participants' awareness of the hypothesis. Fruitful avenues for future research are suggested.

Keywords: Nonverbal Communication; Behavior; Research;

Citation:

Carney, Dana R., Amy J.C. Cuddy, and Andy J. Yap. "Review and Summary of Research on the Embodied Effects of Expansive (vs. Contractive) Nonverbal Displays." Psychological Science 26, no. 5 (May 2015): 657–663.