Working Paper | HBS Working Paper Series | 2015

Bureaucratic Norms and State Capacity in India: Implementing Primary Education in the Himalayan Region

by Akshay Mangla

Abstract

Himachal Pradesh outperforms other Indian states in implementing universal primary education. Through comparative field research, this article finds that bureaucratic norms—unwritten rules that guide public officials—influence how well state agencies deliver services for the poor. The findings call attention to the informal, everyday practices that generate state capacity.

Keywords: india; norms; state capacity; civil society; education; policy implementation; India;

Citation:

Mangla, Akshay. "Bureaucratic Norms and State Capacity in India: Implementing Primary Education in the Himalayan Region." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 14-099, April 2014. (Revised August 2015.)