Case | HBS Case Collection | July 2013 (Revised February 2017)

European Integration: Meeting the Competitiveness Challenge

by Michael E. Porter and Christian Ketels


The case discusses the origins and development of the European Integration process from the post-war period up to 2007, focusing particularly on the efforts of the Lisbon-agenda under way since 2000 to enhance Europe's competitiveness. It discusses the different policy areas that have been approached at the European level over time, and provides background on the architecture of European institutions. The case enables students to understand how European integration has affected competitiveness across the continent. It provides a platform to discuss the impact of collaboration across countries in large geographies on competitiveness, and the lessons that the European integration experience might hold for other world regions.

Keywords: Integration; Globalized Economies and Regions; Competition; Development Economics; Global Range; Policy; Failure; European Union; Europe;


Porter, Michael E., and Christian Ketels. "European Integration: Meeting the Competitiveness Challenge." Harvard Business School Case 714-405, July 2013. (Revised February 2017.)