Case | HBS Case Collection | June 2013 (Revised August 2013)

Estonia: From Transition to EU Membership

by Michael E. Porter and Christian Ketels


The case discusses the economic development of Estonia, focusing on the period regaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 to 2007. It tracks the process from the initial transition towards a market economy to becoming an EU member country, and profiles the economy, its key clusters, and the quality of its business environment in 2007 when the first signs of overheating were emerging. The case provides the background for a discussion of policy reforms in a transition economy, and the role of legacy and geographical neighborhood in the process of economic upgrading.

Keywords: Economy; Macroeconomics; Microeconomics; Policy; Government and Politics; Organizational Change and Adaptation; Strategy; Estonia;


Porter, Michael E., and Christian Ketels. "Estonia: From Transition to EU Membership." Harvard Business School Case 713-479, June 2013. (Revised August 2013.)