| International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption
Evidence from the Firm: A New Approach to Understanding Corruption
Due to its clandestine nature, most of what we understand about corruption comes from survey evidence and self-reported perceptions of corruption: this limits both the range of questions that can be asked and the precision of answers that can be provided. This chapter proposes a new lens to understand corruption, using internal records collected from firms that pay bribes. We examine widespread corruption in three industries in an Asian developing country: procurement, pharmaceutical sales, and construction. Using data of real bribes, we provide new estimates of corruption and study its relationship with organizational ownership.
Cole, Shawn A., and Anh Tran. "Evidence from the Firm: A New Approach to Understanding Corruption." In International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption, edited by Susan Rose-Ackerman, 408–427. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006.