Case | HBS Case Collection | June 2011 (Revised September 2011)

Two Key Decisions for China's Sovereign Fund

by Robert C. Pozen and Xiaoyu Gu

Abstract

The China Investment Corporation (CIC) was China's sovereign wealth fund (SWF), established with $200 billion of registered capital in September 2007 to diversify China's foreign exchange holdings and increase risk-adjusted returns on those assets. CIC was unusual in that it had a strictly commercial orientation and market-driven investment mandate to invest in foreign assets but also served as the parent company of a 100%-owned subsidiary, Huijin, which invested solely in key state-owned financial institutions in China. Moreover, the fact that CIC was a SWF presented broader political challenges for it, its shareholder the Chinese government, its direct investments and their governments, and the world economy generally. This case involved two decisions CIC faced in early 2011: The first was how to best and accurately articulate the relationship between CIC, Huijin, and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) to the Federal Reserve Board (the Fed) so that ICBC could expand its business in the United States while exempting CIC and Huijin from certain types of Fed oversight. The second was whether to appoint a board director to Morgan Stanley, a company in which CIC had directly invested close to $ 6 billion and held 9.9% ownership. Additionally, the case discussed SWFs generally and their rights and responsibilities to the global community.

Keywords: Business Subsidiaries; Business Growth and Maturation; Decisions; Capital; Investment Banking; Investment Funds; Corporate Social Responsibility and Impact; Ownership; Business and Shareholder Relations; Risk and Uncertainty; Wealth; Expansion; Financial Services Industry; China; United States;

Citation:

Pozen, Robert C., and Xiaoyu Gu. "Two Key Decisions for China's Sovereign Fund." Harvard Business School Case 311-137, June 2011. (Revised September 2011.)