Background Note | HBS Case Collection | June 2011 (Revised December 2013)

Carbon Footprints: Methods and Calculations

by Michael W. Toffel and Stephanie van Sice


Describes methods to calculate the carbon footprint (greenhouse gas emissions) of an organization's operations and supply chain, and a product or service. Illustrates concepts with examples of calculating the carbon footprint of an organization (Harvard Business School) and a product (a newspaper). Provides data necessary for carbon footprint calculations.

Keywords: Operations; Supply Chain; Pollution and Pollutants; Measurement and Metrics; Environmental Sustainability;


Toffel, Michael W., and Stephanie van Sice. "Carbon Footprints: Methods and Calculations." Harvard Business School Background Note 611-075, June 2011. (Revised December 2013.)