Case | HBS Case Collection | January 2011 (Revised June 2011)

Intellectual Property Intermediaries

by Andrei Hagiu


During the past 5 to 10 years, several different intermediation business models have emerged for the intellectual property (IP) market. This note describes the most prominent ones: non-practicing entities (or patent trolls), defensive patent aggregators, online IP platforms, live IP auctions and IP exchanges.

Keywords: Business Model; Intellectual Property; Auctions; Market Platforms; Information Technology; Service Industry;


Hagiu, Andrei. "Intellectual Property Intermediaries." Harvard Business School Case 711-486, January 2011. (Revised June 2011.)