Background Note | HBS Case Collection | September 2010 (Revised October 2010)

Note on International Trade Finance

by C. Fritz Foley, Matthew Johnson and David Lane


This note provides an introduction to the financing terms and payment arrangements that support international trade. It describes the principal instruments of trade finance, the limited evidence on their relative use, and the international trade dispute resolution mechanisms that form the backdrop against which traders select financing terms.

Keywords: Trade; Credit; Financial Instruments; Financing and Loans; International Finance; Conflict and Resolution;


Foley, C. Fritz, Matthew Johnson, and David Lane. "Note on International Trade Finance." Harvard Business School Background Note 211-007, September 2010. (Revised October 2010.)