Case | HBS Case Collection | March 2010 (Revised August 2010)

Russia: Revolution and Reform

by Rawi E. Abdelal and Sogomon Tarontsi


The collapse of central authority in the Soviet Union in 1991 ushered in a period of revolutionary transformations for the states that emerged in its wake. The leaders of Russia, the USSR's successor, since then have struggled to reestablish central authority while seeking to avoid further disintegration, establish a democratic polity, and institute a market economy. The case contrasts different approaches adopted by Presidents Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin and concludes with a vision outlined by Russia's third post-Soviet president, Dmitry Medvedev. The case focuses on problems of state authority, fiscal capacity, institutionalization of political parties, relations between the federal center and provincial governments, relations between the state and big business, economic policy, and models of economic development.

Keywords: Development Economics; Economic Systems; Government Administration; Business and Government Relations; Public Administration Industry; Russia;


Abdelal, Rawi E., and Sogomon Tarontsi. "Russia: Revolution and Reform." Harvard Business School Case 710-030, March 2010. (Revised August 2010.)