Case | HBS Case Collection | July 2009 (Revised May 2010)

The Millennium Challenge Corporation and Ghana

by Alnoor Ebrahim and V. Kasturi Rangan


A U.S. government agency, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), provides aid to developing countries, focusing on poverty reduction through economic growth. It measures results through an economic rate of return based on increases in farmer incomes anticipated over twenty years. As MCC and Ghana finalize a $547 million grant for agriculture and transportation infrastructure, they come up against an accountability and measurement problem: how to address an urgent request from Ghana to fund community services—such as schools and drinking water—for which the results will be more difficult to measure.

Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Economic Growth; Investment Return; Measurement and Metrics; Welfare or Wellbeing; Ghana; United States;


Ebrahim, Alnoor, and V. Kasturi Rangan. "The Millennium Challenge Corporation and Ghana." Harvard Business School Case 310-025, July 2009. (Revised May 2010.)