Case | HBS Case Collection | June 2007 (Revised November 2007)

Italy: If not now, when?

by Richard H.K. Vietor and Julia Galef


Describes Italy's main macroeconomic problems: low productivity growth, stagnant GDP growth, and high public debt. As of early 2007, the country's global competitiveness has plummeted and its debt remains well above the level allowed by the EU's Maastricht treaty. Historical and structural reasons for the current situation are explored, and Italy's possible strategies are discussed in the context of the country's challenging political climate. A replacement of an earlier case done in 2003.

Keywords: Economic Slowdown and Stagnation; Macroeconomics; Borrowing and Debt; International Relations; Competition; Italy;


Vietor, Richard H.K., and Julia Galef. "Italy: If not now, when?" Harvard Business School Case 707-051, June 2007. (Revised November 2007.)