Case | HBS Case Collection | February 2007 (Revised April 2009)

Punjab and Kerala: Regional Development in India

by Lakshmi Iyer


Between 2000 and 2004, India's economy grew by 6.35%. Focuses on the states of Punjab and Kerala, which emphasized sharply different development strategies. The states had to decide whether to focus their investment efforts on physical capital or improving social indicators. Both states faced constraints in the form of budget deficits, competition from other states, and coordination with central government policies.

Keywords: Development Economics; Capital; Investment; Policy; Growth and Development Strategy; Business and Government Relations; Social Issues; Kerala; Punjab;


Iyer, Lakshmi. "Punjab and Kerala: Regional Development in India." Harvard Business School Case 707-008, February 2007. (Revised April 2009.)