Background Note | HBS Case Collection | January 2004 (Revised April 2005)

Personal Values and Professional Responsibilities

by Joseph L. Badaracco Jr.


Describes some of the classic conflicts managers face in trying to live and work by their personal values and uses Hirschman's "exit, loyalty, and voice" framework to suggest ways for resolving these conflicts.

Keywords: Values and Beliefs; Personal Development and Career; Conflict of Interests; Conflict and Resolution;


Badaracco, Joseph L., Jr. "Personal Values and Professional Responsibilities." Harvard Business School Background Note 304-070, January 2004. (Revised April 2005.)