| HBS Case Collection
(Revised from original 2003 version)
Wal-Mart Stores in 2003
Examines Wal-Mart's development over three decades and provides financial and descriptive detail of its domestic operations. In 2003, Wal-Mart's Supercenter business has surpassed its domestic business as the largest generator of revenues. Its international operation seems poised to become the next growth driver for the company as it marches toward the trillion dollar sales mark. But problems are starting to surface even as the company is winning recognition as the number one company in the Fortune 500--unions keep pressuring its minimum-wage employees and allegations of gender discrimination are alleged. Teaching purpose: To introduce students to creating a competitive advantage.
Keywords: Competitive Advantage;
Globalized Firms and Management;
Problems and Challenges;
Ghemawat, Pankaj, Stephen P. Bradley, and Ken Mark. "Wal-Mart Stores in 2003." Harvard Business School Case 704-430, January 2004. (Revised from original September 2003 version.)