Case | HBS Case Collection | June 2002

"One Country, Two Systems"? Italy and the Mezzogiorno (B)

by Bruce R. Scott and Jamie Matthews

Abstract

In 1992, a corruption investigation and two assassinations created a crisis that prompted the Italian government to dispatch 7,000 troops to Sicily to "retake the island" from the Mafia. This case examines the crisis and the efforts of both the Italian state and the city of Palermo to deal with it. Also explicitly contrasts two development theories in an attempt to explain the economic problems of the South: one cultural (proposed by Robert Putnam); the other political (contained in the writings of Samuel Huntington, Sidney Tarrow, and Simona Piattoni). A rewritten version of an earlier case.

Keywords: History; National Security; Crime and Corruption; Economic Slowdown and Stagnation; Italy;

Citation:

Scott, Bruce R., and Jamie Matthews. "One Country, Two Systems"? Italy and the Mezzogiorno (B). Harvard Business School Case 702-097, June 2002.