Case | HBS Case Collection | October 1998 (Revised September 1999)

Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World

by George C. Lodge and Cate Reavis


Discusses the politics of change and how Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, elected in 1994, has fought to promote systemic change in Brazil. While his Real Plan has stabilized inflation and attracted foreign investment, the nation's deficit continues to grow. Meanwhile Brazil continues to be plagued by gross social inequalities.

Keywords: Development Economics; Government and Politics; Inflation and Deflation; Foreign Direct Investment; Equality and Inequality; Change; Social Issues; Public Administration Industry; Brazil;


Lodge, George C., and Cate Reavis. "Brazil Confronts an Interdependent World." Harvard Business School Case 799-004, October 1998. (Revised September 1999.)