Case | HBS Case Collection | February 1998 (Revised August 2006)

House of Tata, 1995: The Next Generation (A)

by Tarun Khanna, Krishna G. Palepu and Danielle Melito Wu


The Tata Group began the 1990s as a confederation of loosely coupled firms. This case considers the rise to prominence of the new CEO of Tata Group, Ratan Tata, and his attempts to strengthen the inter-relationships among the group companies at a time when critics claim he should be dismantling the alliance completely. Provides an opportunity to address the benefits and costs of conglomerates in emerging markets. In particular, it demonstrates the ways in which well-run conglomerates might ameliorate the costs that poorly functioning institutions impose through their effects on market efficiency.

Keywords: Business or Company Management; Business Conglomerates; Organizations; Corporate Strategy; Consolidation; Business Strategy; Alignment; Consumer Products Industry; Service Industry;


Khanna, Tarun, Krishna G. Palepu, and Danielle Melito Wu. "House of Tata, 1995: The Next Generation (A)." Harvard Business School Case 798-037, February 1998. (Revised August 2006.)