| HBS Case Collection
(Revised March 2003)
Outlines India's import substitution strategy and its planned development process. The effects of the difficult political and social context on economic development are analyzed. The failure of the system to achieve sustainable growth and improvement leads to attempts at reforms which, along with worsening political and ethnic conflicts, lead to a crisis in 1991.
Government and Politics;
Vietor, Richard H.K., Waleed J. Iskandar, and Max L. Weston. "India (A)". Harvard Business School Case 793-112, February 1993. (Revised March 2003.)