Chapter | Nurturing the Sources of Growth in Tanzania -- Workshop Proceedings | 2006

Competitiveness in Developing Economies: The Role of Clusters and Cross-Cutting Policies

by Christian H.M. Ketels

Abstract

Competitiveness is high up on the policy agenda for countries around the world and at all stages of development. But while there is little disagreement that countries need to "upgrade their competitiveness"—even more so as the level of globalization is increasing—there are many different views on what competitiveness actually is and which policies should be employed to improve it. In addition, there is a serious argument of whether the competitiveness framework applies equally to advanced as to developing economies and how these differences in terms of economic development affect appropriate policy choices. In particular, questions arise as to the role of cluster initiatives, an instrument that has become more widely used in many countries in recent years, in a developing economy context.

Keywords: Developing Countries and Economies; Framework; Globalization; Policy; Growth and Development; Industry Clusters; Competitive Strategy;

Citation:

Ketels, Christian H.M. "Competitiveness in Developing Economies: The Role of Clusters and Cross-Cutting Policies." In Nurturing the Sources of Growth in Tanzania -- Workshop Proceedings. Dar-es-Salam: Tanzania Ministry of Planning, Economy, and Empowerment, 2006.