Background Note | HBS Case Collection | December 1989

Note on How Organizations Can be Structured

by D. Q. Mills


Describes four basic organizational forms--hierarchy, division, matrix, and cluster. Diagrams of each are included. Their strengths and weaknesses under different business environment conditions are detailed. There is a table comparing the forms on several key organizational dimensions and a second table that describes key management practices in each form.

Keywords: Management Practices and Processes; Organizational Culture; Organizational Design; Organizational Structure;


Mills, D. Q. "Note on How Organizations Can be Structured." Harvard Business School Background Note 490-040, December 1989.