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Abstract: It has been documented that women in academia publish less than men do. A natural question to ask is that since women take longer to publish, do they publish better papers. We study a large sample of journal articles from MEDLINE published between 2002 and 2007, and find that women receive less forward citations than men do. Observable gender difference in fields, working style, experience, and institutions can explain two thirds of the gap. We also find that both genders are more likely to be cited by authors of the same gender. Given that there are more active male researchers than female, and males publish more, the "gender-biased" citation behavior may result in the gender gap in total citations received, even free of quality difference in publications. We then show that citations from distant citing author (foreign, or outside the cited author's collaboration network) are more gender neutral than citations from close citing author (domestic, or inside the cited author' collaboration network). Bio: Sifan Zhou received her Bachelor's degree in Economics and Mathematics from Xiamen University, China. She is now a PhD student in Economics from University at Albany, State University of New York. Her current research relates to how scientists and engineers, in R&D and in other work areas, impact economic productivity and the returns to investments in science and engineering.
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