Supply Chain Management - Harvard Business School MBA Program

Supply Chain Management

Course Number 2108

Professor Jan Hammond
Fall; Q1Q2; 3 credits
28 Sessions
Exam or Paper

Career Focus

This course is appropriate for students interested in pursuing careers in any management function (e.g., operations, marketing, finance) in firms that make, sell and/or distribute physical products, or in organizations (e.g., consulting firms, investment banks, private equity firms, software providers, transportation providers) that analyze, evaluate, and/or invest in -- or offer products and services to -- those firms.

Educational Objectives

Supply Chain Management (SCM) builds on aspects of the First-Year Technology and Operations Management (TOM) course. However, whereas first-year TOM focuses primarily on producing and developing products and services, SCM emphasizes managing product availability, especially in a context of rapid product proliferation, short product life cycles, and global networks of suppliers and customers. Hence, topics not examined in first-year TOM such as inventory management, distribution economics, demand forecasting, and supplier management are explored in depth in SCM.

SCM also differs from first-year TOM in that first-year TOM concentrates primarily on material and information flows within an organization, whereas SCM focuses on managing material and information flows across functional and organizational boundaries. Due to the boundary-spanning nature of supply chain management, the SCM course also has strong links to the first year courses in marketing, leadership, and strategy. The course emphasizes the "general manager's perspective" in supply chains. Cases in the course illustrate that barriers to integrating supply chains often relate to behavioral issues (e.g., misaligned incentives and change management challenges) and operational execution problems that fall squarely in the domain of the general manager. The course makes clear that suitable information technology and knowledge of analytical tools are necessary, but not sufficient, for supply chain integration.

Content and Organization

The Supply Chain Management course comprises four modules:

Module 1: Logistics - This module examines transportation economics, the role of distributors, and network design for the efficient and effective flow and storage of goods and information in a supply chain. The module demonstrates the multiple faces of supply chain management - strategic, organizational, and tactical.

Module 2: Inventory Management and Planning - This module provides an introduction to the basics of supply chain management, with an emphasis on how to design and manage a supply chain to ensure that product supply meets product demand. It introduces students to basic analytical tools for demand forecasting, inventory management and production planning. The module illustrates the various roles of inventory in the broader context of business strategy and financial performance.

Module 3: Incentive Alignment - This module introduces students to problems that arise due to conflicting channel incentives across a supply chain and conflicting functional incentives within an organization, and provides a framework for analyzing and addressing these challenges.

Module 4: Supply Chain Execution - This module considers how to manage supplier relationships and common execution problems that can undermine supply chain performance, and illustrates the critical role of an organization's culture in driving supply chain excellence.