Data & Sources

Adult Literacy Rates

World Bank, World Development Indicators database
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
National Center of Education Statistics, National Assessment of Adult Literacy, accessed April 23, 2013
UNESCO, “Progress of Literacy in Various Countries, a Preliminary Statistical Study of Available Census Data since 1900,” (1953), accessed April 22, 2013
UNESCO “World Illiteracy at Mid-Century,” (1957), accessed April 21, 2013
UNESCO, Compendium of statistics on illiteracy, various editions

Notes: Literacy rates are based on population surveys which were not conducted on a regular basis and did not cover many developing countries.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Apollo Hospitals

Apollo Hospitals

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

Apples, Bananas, Oranges, and Dates

J. G. Bartholomew, ed., Atlas of the World's Commerce (London: George Newnes, 1907), p. 98-99, map.

Arçelik Corporation (Koç Group)

A.M. Colpan and G. Jones, “Vehbi Koc and the Making of Turkey's Largest Business Group (B),” Harvard Business School Case, January 22, 2014, p. 6

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Banana Exports by Country

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations)
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Yearbook of Food and Agricultural Statistics, various years
Institut International d’Agriculture, Annuaire International de Statistique Agricole, various years

 Download Data Set in Excel

Boston Consulting Group

“A Truly Global Firm,” BCG website

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Broadband Subscriptions per 100 People

 Download Data Set in Excel

Coca-Cola: Countries with Bottlers

Courtesy of the Coca-Cola Company, Heritage Communications

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Coffee Exports by Country

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations)
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Yearbook of Food and Agricultural Statistics, various years
Institut International d’Agriculture, Annuaire International de Statistique Agricole, various years.

Notes: United States coffee production from 1930-2007 was entirely based in Hawaii

 Download Data Set in Excel

Coffee Movement, Pre-War

Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Beane, Coffee (New York: Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Beane, 1947), pp. 16-17, map.

Coffee Production and Consumption

J. G. Bartholomew, ed., Atlas of the World's Commerce (London: George Newnes, 1907), p. 86-87, map.

Commercial Highways of the World

J.G. Bartholomew, ed., Atlas of the World's Commerce (London: George Newnes, 1907), p. 22-23, map.

Crude Oil Flow

T. T. Connors, An Examination of the International Flow of Crude Oil, with Special Reference to the Middle East (October 1969), p. 52, Fig. 3

Crude Oil Flow

A. C. Hardy, Oil Ships and Sea Transport (London: George Routledge and Sons, Ltd., 1931), opp. p. 8, map.

Distances Between Ports

U.S. Navy, Hydrographic Office, Table of Distances Between Ports (Washington: GPO, 1942), opp. p. 4, map.

Ford: Countries of Operation

M. Wilkins, & F.R. Hill, American Business Abroad: Ford on Six Continents, Cambridge University Press, June 2011.
Ford Motor Company Annual Reports, various years
Directory of American Firms Operating in Foreign Countries, various editions
OneSource database

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Foreign Born in US as Percent of State Population

United States Census Bureau, Decennial Census, various years

 Download Data Set in Excel

GATT Membership

World Trade Organization, “Members and Observers”

 Download Data Set in Excel

Huawei: Countries of Operation

Factiva; accessed 9/5/2013

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

IBM: Countries of Operation

J. Connolly, History of Computing in Europe, 1967
IBM Annual Reports, various years
Directory of American Firms Operating in Foreign Countries, various editions
OneSource

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR)

KKR Firm History

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

League of Nations Membership
Notes: There were no assemblies of the League between 1940 and 1945

 Download Data Set in Excel

Life Expectancy at Birth
Notes: Values for Soviet Union from 1960-1991 are an average of reported data for the following: Armenia, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Values for Yugoslavia from 1960-1991 are an average of reported data for the following: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia. Values for Czechoslovakia from 1960 - 1993 are an average of reported data for the following: Czech Republic, Slovakia.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Mail Handled

B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: Europe, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: The Americas, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Statistics: Africa, Asia, Oceania, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
Universal Postal Union

Notes: Values for China from 1900-1935 include data from Taiwan. Values for Austria-Hungary are a combination of values obtained for Austria and Hungary from 1870-1915.

 Download Data Set in Excel

McDonald's: Countries of Operation

McDonald’s; PR Newswire

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

McKinsey Offices
Courtesy of McKinsey

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016
Notes: Georgia from 1978-1991 is recorded as Soviet Union

 Download Data Set in Excel

Median US Home Prices Unadjusted

United States Census Bureau, Decennial Census, various years

 Download Data Set in Excel

Merchant Shipping Tonnage

G. Harlaftis, A History of Greek-Owned Shipping: The Making of an International Tramp Fleet, 1830 to Present Day, London, Routledge, 1996

Notes: 1993 Data was reported in 1992. 2003 Data was reported in 2000.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Mobile Phone Subscriptions per 100 People
Notes: The Value for Czechoslovakia 1993 is a sum of the values given for: Czech Republic and Slovakia.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Natura Cosméticos
Geoffrey Jones and Ricardo Reisen de Pinho, "Natura: Global Beauty Made in Brazil," Harvard Business School Case 9-807-029, October 20, 2012
Geoffrey Jones, "The Growth Opportunity that Lies Next Door," Harvard Business Review 90 (July/August 2012): 141-45
Natura Annual Reports, 2007-2013

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Pampers Brand Sales by Country
Courtesy of Proctor & Gamble

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Per Capita GDP in Constant Dollars
Notes: Values for Czechoslovakia from 1990 - 1993 are an average of the listed values for: Czech Republic and Slovakia.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Personal Computers: Density by Country
Notes: Limited data available on this indicator after 2006, dropped from World Bank as a development indicator in 2009.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Petroleum Exports by Country

B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: Europe, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: The Americas, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Statistics: Africa, Asia, Oceania, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
United Nations, International Trade Statistics, various years

 Download Data Set in Excel

Political Governance
Notes: Definitions based on criteria such as executive recruitment, constraints on executive authority, and political competition. "Anocracy"= mixed, or incoherent, authority regime “Democracy” = 1. citizens can express effective preferences about alternative policies and leaders. 2. Institutionalized constraints on the executive power. 3. guarantee of civil liberties to all citizens

 Download Data Set in Excel

Population Density
Notes: Czechoslovakia from 1961-1993 is an average of reported values from: Czech Republic and Slovakia.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Population Growth Rates
Notes: Czechoslovakia values for 1960-1993 are an average of reported values for the following: Czech Republic and Slovakia.

 Download Data Set in Excel

Railroad Length Density

B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: Europe, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: The Americas, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Statistics: Africa, Asia, Oceania, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007

 Download Data Set in Excel

Rise and Fall of Communism

 Download Data Set in Excel

Rise and Fall of Imperialism

A.N. Porter, Atlas of British Overseas Expansion. Simon & Schuster, 1991
Geoffrey Barradough, The Times Atlas of World History. Times Books, 1997
J.F. Horrabin, Atlas of European History. A.A. Knopf, 1935
Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Russian History. Dorest Press, 1972
H. Kinder, The Anchor Atlas of World History, vol. 2. Doubleday-Anchor, 1978

 Download Data Set in Excel

Royal Dutch Shell Production by Country

Jan Luiten van Zanden, A History of Royal Dutch Shell, vol. 4. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 1.3.1-1.3.3
Royal Dutch Shell, Annual Report, various years

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Shipping Routes

U.S. Navy, Hydrographic Office, Table of Distances Between Ports (Washington: GPO, 1942), opp. p. 4, map.

Singer Sewing Machines Sold by Country

Andrew Godley, “Selling the Sewing Machine Around the World: Singer’s International Marketing Strategies, 1850-1920,” Enterprise & Society, 2006, pp. 266-314. Available at SSRN

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Steamship Routes

Wayne E. Butterbaugh and Charles E. Wymond, Atlas of Traffic Maps (Chicago: LaSalle Extension University, 1924), map no. 6.

Tata Group International Businesses

Tata Consultancy Services
Taj Group
Tata International
Tata Motors
Tata Steel
Tata Global Beverages
Tarun Khanna and Krishna Palepu, “House of Tata: Acquiring a Global Footprint,” HBS Case, 2009
Tata Archives

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Telegraphic Communication

J. G. Bartholomew, ed., Atlas of the World's Commerce (London: George Newnes, 1907), pp. 30-31, map.

Telephone Rates between NYC and Select Cities

Historical Statistics of the United States
Federal Communications Commission
IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook

 Download Data Set in Excel

Ten Largest Cities Over Time

Tertius Chandler, Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. Lewiston: St. David’s University Press, 1987
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: Europe, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: The Americas, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Statistics: Africa, Asia, Oceania, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007

 Download Data Set in Excel

Tesco: Countries of Operation

“Our Businesses,” Tesco website

Map created by John Regan, MBA 2016

 Download Data Set in Excel

Trade Union Membership

OECD iLibrary database
International Labour Organization, “UNIONS 2011: Trade Union Membership Statistics Database”
David G. Blanchflower, “A Cross-Country Study of Union Membership,” Discussion Paper Series IZA DP No. 2016, Institute for the Study of Labor, March 2006, accessed June 5, 2013
Jelle Visser, “ICTWSS: Database on Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts in 34 countries between 1960 and 2007,” Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS), Version 3 - May 2011, accessed June 5, 2013
Carsten Strøby Jensen, “Trade Unionism: Differences and Similarities - A Comparative View on Europe, USA and Asia,” paper presented at IIRA-congress, June 2004, Seoul
Alejandro Donado and Klaus Walde, “How Trade Unions Increase Welfare,” The Economic Journal, 122 (September), 990-1009
G.S. Bain and R. Price, Profiles of Union Growth: A Comparative Statistical Portrait of Eight Countries. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1980
R. Freeman, “Spurts in Union Growth: Defining Moments and Social Processes,” in M. Bordo, C. Goldin, and E. N. White, eds., The Defining Moment: The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. 265-96
J. Visser, European Trade Unions in Figures. Deventer and Boston: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 1989

 Download Data Set in Excel

Unemployment Rates

B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: Europe, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics: The Americas, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
B.R. Mitchell, International Statistics: Africa, Asia, Oceania, 1750-2005. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2007
Economist Intelligence Unit, EIU Country Data database, accessed April 23, 2013
International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics database

 Download Data Set in Excel

Urban Population Density

 Download Data Set in Excel

US Home Ownership Rates

U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division

 Download Data Set in Excel

US Homes Lacking Plumbing

United States Census Bureau, Decennial Census, various years

 Download Data Set in Excel

Women's Suffrage

DePaul University, http://condor.depaul.edu/tps/International_Suffrage_Timeline.htm [Link no longer available]

Notes: Kyrgyzstan is listed in the source as achieving suffrage in 1936

 Download Data Set in Excel

World Trade Organization since Foundation

World Trade Organization, “Members and Observers”

 Download Data Set in Excel